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Cohlmia C, Weno K. 2013. 2013 burden of oral disease in Kansas: An assessment of oral health status in Kansas. Topeka, KS: Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Oral Health, 54 pp.

Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Oral Health
Curtis State Office Building 1000 S.W. Jackson Street, Suite 200
Topeka, KS 66612-1274

Telephone: (785) 296-5116
Website: http://www.kdheks.gov/ohi
Available from the website.

This document describes the overall importance of oral health and summarizes information about the oral health status of children, adolescents, adults, and older adults in Kansas, as well as oral health care use among these groups in the state. The document also describes key preventive initiatives and discusses oral health disparities.


Details

Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program. [2013]. 2013 plan. Columbus, OH: Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program, 11 pp.

Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program
246 North High Street
Columbus, OH 43215

Telephone: (614) 466-4180
Fax: (614) 564-2421
E-mail: BCHS@odh.ohio.gov
Website: https://odh.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/odh/know-our-programs/oral-health-program/welcome-to
Available from the website.

This document outlines a plan to promote and improve oral health in Ohio. Contents include goals, strategies, population targets, and annual program targets. Topics include access to community oral-disease-prevention programs, access to oral health care, and oral health policy as an essential component of public health policy.


Details

Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2003. A report of state identified barriers to participation in the Water Fluoridation Reporting System (WFRS). Jefferson City, MO: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 24 pp.

Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
3858 Cashill Boulevard
Reno, NV 89509

Telephone: (775) 626-5008
Fax: (775) 626-9268
E-mail: info@astdd.org
Website: http://www.astdd.org
Available from the website.

This study identifies state-reported barriers to the Water Fluoridation Reporting System (WFRS), a multi-state system for monitoring the quality of water fluoridation that was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Oral Health and the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. Report sections include background and introduction; a review of the study methodology; results, including an outline of respondents, WFRS utilization, and barriers to using WFRS; a discussion and summary of the findings, limitations, and strengths; recommendations; and conclusions. The appendices include the assessment tool provided to state dental directors and a table of responses to the assessments returned by state dental directors.


Details

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 2013. AAPD fast facts. Chicago, IL: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 42 pp.

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
211 East Chicago Avenue, Suite 1600
Chicago, IL 60611-2637

Telephone: (312) 337-2169
Fax: (312) 337-6329
Website: http://www.aapd.org
Available from the website.

This press kit includes story ideas addressing common pediatric oral health issues. Topics include treating infants in the dental office, fluoride for infants, pacifier and thumb sucking, and how to select a pediatric dentist. Additional topics include cosmetic and restorative dentistry, behavior guidance, diet and oral health, dental sealants, risk assessment, oral health care for individuals with special health care needs, and sports safety and oral health emergencies.


Details

American Dental Education Association. 2016. ADEA United States interactive legislative tracking map. Washington, DC: American Dental Education Association, 1 v.

American Dental Education Association
655 K Steet, N.W., Suite 800
Washington, DC 20001

Telephone: (202) 289-7201
Fax: (202) 289-7204
Website: http://www.adea.org
Available from the website.

This map provides information on state legislation of interest to academic dentistry for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Users can view the status of bills, upcoming hearing dates, and bill text and author and sponsor information. Users can also view state legislation on topics such as health coverage and financing, fluoride, oral health programs, teledentistry, regulations, and work force.


Details

Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program. 2016. At-a-glance: Community water fluoridation. Columbus, OH: Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program, 2 pp.

Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program
246 North High Street
Columbus, OH 43215

Telephone: (614) 466-4180
Fax: (614) 564-2421
E-mail: BCHS@odh.ohio.gov
Website: https://odh.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/odh/know-our-programs/oral-health-program/welcome-to
Available from the website.

This document presents information on community water fluoridation (CWF) and describes related services provided by the Ohio Department of Health. Topics include technical assistance and resources to promote CWF, fluoridation-assistance programs, monitoring fluoridation quality, Ohio’s fluoridation law, Ohio cities exempt from mandatory fluoridation, the status of CWF in Ohio, and facts about CWF.


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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2013. Basic information about fluoride in drinking water. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, multiple items.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Ariel Rios Building 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20460

Telephone: (202) 272-0167
Website: http://www2.epa.gov/children
Available from the website.

These resources include a review of the national standard for fluoride in drinking water, questions and answers about science assessments, and health effects and exposure assessments. Additional topics include how fluoride is used, how it is regulated, and public notification requirements for public water systems.


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Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health. [2016]. Benefits of drinking fluoridated tap water. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health, 1 p, (Oral health in Massachusetts; A fact sheet).

Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health
250 Washington Street, 5th Floor
Boston, MA 02108

Telephone: (617) 624-6060
Secondary Telephone: (617) 624-5992
Fax: (617) 624-6062
Website: https://www.mass.gov/orgs/office-of-oral-health
Available from the website.

This fact sheet provides information about the importance of drinking fluoridated tap water. It discusses why it is important to drink water, whether tap water is safe to drink, and whether drinking tap water is better than drinking bottled water. It also explains what fluoridated water is and the benefits of drinking fluoridated tap water. Guidelines for fluoride intake are provided, and the quality of tap water in Massachusetts is discussed.


Details

Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2016. Best practice approach: Community water fluoridation (upd. ed.). Reno, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 22 pp, (Best practice approaches for state and community oral health programs).

Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
3858 Cashill Boulevard
Reno, NV 89509

Telephone: (775) 626-5008
Fax: (775) 626-9268
E-mail: info@astdd.org
Website: http://www.astdd.org
Available from the website.

This report discusses community water fluoridation and provides guidelines and recommendations related to the topic, research evidence, best practice criteria, and state practice examples. A dental public health approach to community water fluoridation, activities of a community water fluoridation program, and the extent to which to community water fluoridation is used are discussed.


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Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, Best Practices Committee. 2011–. Best practice approaches: Proven and promising best practices for state and community oral health programs. [Reno, NV]: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, multiple items.

Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
3858 Cashill Boulevard
Reno, NV 89509

Telephone: (775) 626-5008
Fax: (775) 626-9268
E-mail: info@astdd.org
Website: http://www.astdd.org
Available from the website.

This report focuses on best practices for the use of fluoride in schools. It discusses fluoride as a measure to prevent tooth decay in children, different types of programs that provide fluoride to children, and different forms of fluoride. Evidence for the efficacy of fluoride in preventing tooth decay and best practice criteria are provided. The report also includes state practice examples. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


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Casamassimo P, Holt K, eds. 2016. Bright Futures: Oral health—Pocket guide (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 90 pp.

National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
Available from the website.

This guide offers health professionals an overview of preventive oral health supervision during five developmental periods: prenatal, infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence. It is designed to help health professionals implement specific oral health guidelines during these periods. For each period, information about family preparation, risk assessment, interview questions, screening, examination, preventive procedures, anticipatory guidance, measurable outcomes, and referrals is discussed. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


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National Center on Health, Behaviorial Health, and Safety. 2012–. Brush up on oral health. Waltham, MA: National Center on Health, Behavioral Health, and Safety, monthly.

Early Childhood Learning and Knowledge Center
Telephone: (866) 763-6481
E-mail: health@ecetta.info
Website: https://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov
Available from the website.

This series of tip sheets provides Head Start staff with information on current practice, practical tips to promote good oral health, and recipes for healthy snacks. The January 2020 issue focuses on oral health for children with disabilities, the March 2015 issue focuses on children with autism spectrum disorder, the December 2015 issue focuses on helping parents find oral health care for children with disabilities, and the December 2012 issue focuses on helping children with a disability brush their teeth.


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Chadwick A, Lamia T, Zaro-Moore J. 2003. Building capacity to fluoridate: Literature review. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 41 pp.

National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
Available from the website.

This literature review provides background information on the issue of fluoridation and identifies social scientific research that may shed light on the factors that influence community decisions to adopt or reject fluoridation. Section 1 comprises the introduction. Section 2 provides background on fluoridation, both as a public health issue and as a political issue. Section 3 examines a number of potentially relevant social scientific perspectives on communication and the factors influencing campaign outcomes. Section 4 discusses potentially important variables relating to fluoridation referendums identified in the literature, as well as the next steps of the research process.


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Michigan Department of Community Health, Oral Health Program. 2013. Burden of oral disease in Michigan 2013. [Lansing, MI]: Michigan Department of Community Health, Oral Health Program, 58 pp.

Michigan Department of Health and Human Services
Capitol View Building 201 Townsend Street
Lansing, MI 48913

Telephone: (517) 373-3740
Website: http://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs
Available from the website.

This report summarizes the status of oral health in Michigan and establishes a documented burden of disease, disparities in disease and access, and comparisons between Michigan and national data. Topics include national and state oral health objectives, the burden of oral diseases, risk and protective factors for oral diseases, oral health service provision, and programs and practices.


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California Department of Public Health. 2014. California community water fluoridation fact sheet. [Sacramento, CA]: California Department of Public Health, 2 pp.

California Department of Public Health
Sacramento, CA Telephone: (916) 558-1784
Website: http://www.cdph.ca.gov
Available from the website.

This fact sheet provides information about the mission, background, and benefits of the California Community Water Fluoridation program. Topics include trends in the population with access to fluoridated public drinking water and the program's role in reducing the prevalence of tooth decay and tooth loss, periodontal disease, and other chronic diseases through prevention, education, and organized community efforts.


Details

American Academy of Pediatrics. 2016. Campaign for Dental Health. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, multiple items.

American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
345 Park Boulevard
Itasca, IL 60143

Telephone: (847) 434-4000
Fax: (847) 434-8000
E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
Available from the website.

These resources for the public and policymakers provide evidence-based information and tools to promote and protect access to community water fluoridation and other preventive strategies. Contents include a primer on the fluoride debate, answers to fluoridation questions, tools for sustaining or initiating fluoridation in a community, materials to give decision-makers, public education materials, and presentations. Topics include children's oral health and fluoride, communities supporting fluoride, facts about fluoride, fluoride and public health, fluoride in the news, fluoride and access to care, partners, and what the experts say about fluoride. Infographics, posters, and videos are included. Many resources are available in English and Spanish.


Details

Barzel R, Holt K. 2012. Child and adolescent oral health issues. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 8 pp.

National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
Available from the website.

This fact sheet provides health professionals with information on issues related to child and adolescent oral health. Topics include dental caries, access to care, children and adolescents with special health care needs, dental sealants, fluorides, nutrition, injury and violence, and tobacco. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


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Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. 2013. Colorado's 10 winnable battles: Oral health. Denver, CO: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, 2 pp.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
4300 Cherry Creek Drive, South
Denver, CO 80246

Telephone: (303) 692-2000
Secondary Telephone: (800) 886-7689
E-mail: cdphe.information@state.co.us
Website: https://www.colorado.gov/cdphe
Available from the website.

This document discusses the importance of providing access to preventive oral health care and interventions for people in Colorado. Contents include data on the percentage of parents reporting that their child (ages 1–5) first went to the dentist by age 1, the percentage of children in third grade with dental sealants, and the percentage of the population served by community water systems with optimally fluoridated water. Additional topics include progress toward meeting oral health goals and initiatives to eliminate oral disease in the state.


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American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health and National Network for Oral Health Access. 2014, 2018. Common questions about fluoride: A resource for parents and caregivers. [Elk Grove Village, IL]: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 2 pp.

American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
345 Park Boulevard
Itasca, IL 60143

Telephone: (847) 434-4000
Fax: (847) 434-8000
E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
Available from the website.

This document for parents and other caregivers provides answers to common questions about the benefits and safety of fluoride. Topics include fluoride in community water systems, fluoridated toothpaste, and infant formula preparation. Questions about fluoride and bottled water, cancer, and fluorosis are addressed. The document is available in English and Spanish. A companion guide for health professionals is also available.


Details

DentaQuest Foundation. 2016. Community toolkit: Preserving and implementing water fluoridation in your community. Boston, MA: DentaQuest Foundation, multiple items.

CareQuest Institute for Oral Health
465 Medford Street
Boston, MA 02129-1454

Telephone: (617) 886-1700
Website: https://www.carequest.org
Available from the website.

This toolkit presents strategies for implementing community water fluoridation (CWF) or preventing a rollback attempt. Contents include information and resources for assessing community readiness, talking about CWF, finding community champions, talking to policymakers, and addressing opposition to CWF. Links to websites and other resources about fluoridation, sample messages, talking points, a focus group guide, a worksheet for identifying champions, and a sample organizational support letter are provided.


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South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Division of Oral Health. 2009. Community water fluoridation. Columbia, SC: South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Division of Oral Health, 2 pp.

South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Division of Oral Health
2600 Bull Street
Columbia, SC 29201

Telephone: (803) 898-3432
Website: https://www.scdhec.gov
Available from the website.

This fact sheet presents information on community water fluoridation in South Carolina. Topics include the causes of tooth decay, the adverse impact of tooth decay on child and adult health, and the importance of community water fluoridation in preventing tooth decay. Additional information on water fluoridation activities in South Carolina are provided.


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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health. 2015. Community water fluoridation. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, multiple items.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
1600 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

Telephone: (800) 232-4636
Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
Available from the website.

This resource provides information about the safety and benefits of community water fluoridation as a cost-effective method of delivering fluoride to all members of the community. Contents include recently published fact sheets and reports; basic information about fluoride, its benefits, and uses; and safety information. Additional contents include a database (My Water's Fluoride) containing information about fluoride in community drinking water; a training program to help build the capability of state fluoridation programs and support water treatment professionals in developing and refining their operational skills; tools for state dental directors or tribal authorities to enter state fluoridation data and print operational reports; and other resources for state oral health programs and partners.


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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health. 2015. Community water fluoridation. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 pp.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
1600 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

Telephone: (800) 232-4636
Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
Available from the website.

This fact sheet provides information about the safety and benefits of community water fluoridation (CWF) in preventing tooth decay and its complications in children and adults. Topics include the effectiveness of CWF in reducing disparities and saving costs and the use of fluoride nationally and internationally


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Harder+Company Community Research. 2015. Community water fluoridation brief: Highlights and lessons learned from 2014. [Boston, MA]: Dentaquest Foundation, 7 pp.

This brief highlights the experiences of a sample of five communities across the country that voted to retain community water fluoridation, and it summarizes the key factors that contributed to their successes. Contents include questions to ask and considerations related to understanding the local context, involving key players, establishing a strategy, obtaining necessary funding, and understanding the opposition.


    Details

    Iowa Department of Public Health. 2011. Community water fluoridation in Iowa. [Des Moines, IA]: Iowa Department of Public Health, 1 p.

    Iowa Department of Public Health
    321 East 12th Street
    Des Moines, IA 50319-0075

    Telephone: (515) 281-7689
    Secondary Telephone: (866) 227-9878
    E-mail: https://www.idph.iowa.gov/Contact-Us
    Website: http://www.idph.iowa.gov
    Available from the website.

    This fact sheet describes the benefits of community water fluoridation in helping to prevent tooth decay throughout Iowa. Cost savings and safety concerns are addressed.


    Details

    Arkansas Department of Health. 2006–. Community water fluoridation program. Little Rock, AR: Arkansas Department of Health, Office of Oral Health, multiple items.

    Arkansas Department of Health, Office of Oral Health
    4815 West Markham, Slot 18
    Little Rock, AR 72205

    Telephone: (501) 661-2240
    Secondary Telephone: (501) 661-2000
    Fax: (501) 661-2055
    Website: http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/oralhealth/Pages/default.aspx
    Available from the website.

    These resources provide information about community water fluoridation in Arkansas. Topics include the public health issue, the impact of fluoridation, and progress toward reducing oral disease. Resources include a brochure, a fact sheet, a position paper, a poster, and a presentation. A fact sheet on the impact of water fluoridation on African Americans and other minorities, a report on the science of fluoride, and a series of radio spots are also included.


    Details

    Deming S. 2011. Community water fluoridation program report 2010-2011: Michigan Department of Community Health–Oral Health Program. Lansing, MI: Michigan Department of Community Health, Oral Health Program, 8 pp.

    Michigan Department of Health and Human Services
    Capitol View Building 201 Townsend Street
    Lansing, MI 48913

    Telephone: (517) 373-3740
    Website: http://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs
    Available from the website.

    This report describes the objectives and activities of a statewide program to promote community water fluoridation to reduce oral disease in Michigan including the timeframes for each activity, the progress made to-date, and measures of performance. Topics include collaboration (interdepartmental agreement) between the state Department of Community Health and Department of Environmental Quality to increase community water fluoridation and fluoridation surveillance measures; activities of the Michigan Oral Health Coalitions' Fluoridation Advisory Committee; and program support (equipment grants) to help communities maintain community water fluoridation.


    Details

    [American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health]. 2014. Community water fluoridation speaking points: Pediatricians and health professionals. [Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics], Campaign for Dental Health, 2 pp.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
    Available from the website.

    This document for pediatricians and other child health professionals and caregivers focuses on the role of community water fluoridation (CWF) in preventing dental caries. Contents include facts about fluoride and fluoride safety. The document also links to information on health, to medical organizations that support CWF, and to key recommendations for disease prevention for parents and families.


    Details

    Gooch B, Spoeth S, Kumar J, Briss P. 2013. Community water fluoridation: A vital 21st century public health intervention. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of the Associate Director for Communication, 3 items.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov
    Available from the website.

    These videos and slides for health professionals provide information about the public health impact of community water fluoridation (CWF), communication challenges, approaches to advance CWF, and fluoridation and population health. Messaging about the cost effectiveness, cost savings, safety, and other benefits of drinking fluoridated water in preventing tooth decay is included.


    Details

    Campos-Outcalt D, Celaya MF, Nunez A, Rosales C. 2012. Community water fluoridation: An evidence review. Phoenix, AZ: University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona College of Medicine, 18 pp.

    Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health
    150 North 18th Avenue, Suite 320
    Phoenix, AZ 85007

    Telephone: (602) 542-1891
    Fax: (602) 364-1494
    Website: http://www.azdhs.gov/prevention/womens-childrens-health/oral-health/
    Available from the website.

    This report documents an assessment and summary of the scientific evidence on the benefits and harms of community water fluoridation (CWF). Contents include review purpose and scope, evidence search and strategy, methods, results, and conclusions. Findings on the benefits and potential harms of CWF for children and adults are provided. Descriptions of the systematic reviews included and excluded from the review are presented in tables.


    Details

    South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. 2018. Connecting smiles: Improving health through oral health integration. Charleston, SC: South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, 68 pp.

    Connecting Smiles
    South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control 2100 Bull Street
    Charleston, SC 29201

    Website: https://connectingsmilessc.org/
    Available from the website.

    This training contains five modules for health professionals and their staff about oral health and children. The modules cover tooth decay, caries risk assessment, anticipatory guidance, the benefits of fluoride and fluoridated water, and fluoride varnish and other strategies for integrating oral health care into primary care. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


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    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 2019. Data quality evaluation of the dental fluorosis clinical assessment data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004 and 2011-2016. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, 25 pp, (Vital and Health Statistics; Series 2, Data evaluation and methods research; no. 183).

    National Center for Health Statistics
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 3311 Toledo Road, Room 5419
    Hyattsville, MD 20782

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    Fax: (301) 458-4020
    E-mail: nchsquery@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs
    Available from the website. Document Number: PHS 2019-1383.

    This report provides a review of 1999–2004 and 2011–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dental fluorosis clinical assessment data. The report discusses methods related to NHANES oral health data, NHANES dental fluorosis clinical assessment, dental examiners, fluorosis clinical assessment, quality-assurance procedures, response and completion rates, and data evaluation. The report also provides results in the following categories: rater variability, agreement between dental and reference examiners in categorizing dental fluorosis, prevalence of dental fluorosis, assessing biologicial plausibility of prevalence estimates, impact of oversampling in NHANES, and impact of geographic variation in water fluoridation levels.


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    Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2010–. Dental public health white papers and policy statements. Reno, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, multiple items.

    Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
    3858 Cashill Boulevard
    Reno, NV 89509

    Telephone: (775) 626-5008
    Fax: (775) 626-9268
    E-mail: info@astdd.org
    Website: http://www.astdd.org
    Available from the website.

    These statements reflect the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors' stance on public oral health issues. Topics include community water fluoridation, dental amalgam, dental sealants and bisphenol A, early childhood caries, first dental visit by age 1, fluoride supplements, fluoride toothpaste, fluoride varnish, health care reform, Healthy People 2020 and the oral health leading health indicator, human papilloma virus and oropharyngeal cancer, integrating oral health education into health-education curricula in schools, integrating oral health into the school health model, nutrition education and healthy eating in school settings, perinatal oral health, preventing tobacco use and eliminating exposure to secondhand smoke, school-based fluoride mouthrinse programs, school-based or school-linked mobile or portable services, school-based dental sealant programs, state-based oral-health-surveillance systems, and state oral health program infrastructure and capacity.


    Details

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health. 2015. Doctors and dentists are parents too and they support community water fluoridation. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, multiple items.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
    Available from the website.

    These images are designed to assist pediatricians and other supporters of community water fluoridation (CWF) in sharing information with parents. The images focus on the safety and effectiveness of CWF and can be downloaded and posted to a website or social media.


    Details

    Ran T, Chattopadhyay SK, and the Community Preventive Services Task Force. 2016. Economic evaluation of community water fluoridation: A Community Guide systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 50(6):790-796.

    Community Preventive Services Task Force
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Community Guide Branch 1600 Clifton Road, N.E., MSE69
    Atlanta, GA 30329

    Telephone: (404) 498-6595
    E-mail: communityguide@cdc.gov
    Website: https://www.thecommunityguide.org/task-force/community-preventive-services-task-force-members
    Available from the website.

    This article presents findings from a systematic review of studies about the effectiveness of community water fluoridation (CWF) on reducing dental caries. Topics include the benefits of CWF and its cost. Contents include information about context, evidence acquisition and evidence synthesis, and a discussion.


    Details

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1995. Engineering and administrative recommendations for water fluoridation, 1995. MMWR Recommendations and Reports 44(RR-13):1-40.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
    Available from the website.

    This document provides background information on the role of water fluoridation in prevention of dental caries, and presents recommendations on fluoridated public water supply systems for communities and schools. The recommendations cover administration, monitoring and surveillance, technical requirements, and safety procedures. References and a glossary are included.


    Details

    Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. [2014]. Evidence-based approaches for promoting oral health. Arlington, VA: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, 2 pp, (Action sheets for evidence-based public health).

    Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
    2231 Crystal Drive, Suite 450
    Arlington, VA 22202

    Telephone: (202) 371-9090
    Fax: (571) 527-3189
    Website: http://www.astho.org
    Available from the website.

    This document describes state options, opportunities, and resources for implementing evidence-based oral health interventions. Contents include a summary of select recommendations from the Community Preventive Services Task Force; information about partnerships, issues and considerations, and action steps for translating the recommendations into public health practice and policy; and state experiences.


    Details

    Holicky A. 2016. Florida's burden of oral disease surveillance report (upd.). Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Health, Public Health Dental Program, 62 pp.

    Florida Department of Health, Public Health Dental Program
    4052 Bald Cypress Way, Bin A14
    Tallahassee, FL 32399-1724

    Telephone: (850) 245-4333
    Website: http://www.floridahealth.gov/programs-and-services/community-health/dental-health/index.html
    Available from the website.

    This report summarizes information on the burden of oral disease in Florida, highlights oral health disparities associated with specific populations, and describes resources and programs for improving oral health. Topics include state and national objectives, the societal and economic impact of oral disease, risk and protective factors, work force capacity and diversity, and use of oral health care.


    Details

    National Cancer Institute. 2012. Fluoridated water. Rockville, MD: National Cancer Institute, 3 pp, (Fact sheet).

    National Cancer Institute
    6116 Executive Boulevard, Suite 300
    Bethesda, MD 20892-8322

    Telephone: (800) 422-6237
    Secondary Telephone:
    Fax: (301) 402-0555
    E-mail: cancergovstaff@mail.nih.gov
    Website: http://www.cancer.gov
    Available from the website.

    This public education fact sheet presents key points and facts about fluoridated community water in a question and answer format. Questions include (1) what is fluoride? (2) what is fluoridated water? (3) why fluoridate water? (4) when did water fluoridation begin in the United States? (5) can fluoridated water cause cancer? and (6) where can people find additional information on fluoridated water?


    Details

    Brighter Futures Michigan. 2012. Fluoridated water: Tap into it!. [Okemos, MI]: Delta Dental of Arkansas, Kentucky, Michigan, New Mexico, North Carolina, and Tennessee, 1 video (2 min, 25 sec), (Drool is cool oral health video series).

    info@brighterfuturesmi.com
    Delta Dental Foundation
    4100 Okemos Road
    Okemos, MI 48864

    Telephone: (800) 524-0149
    Website: http://www.deltadentalmi.com
    Available from the website.

    This video discusses the benefits of drinking fluoridated tap water to fight tooth decay and improve oral health. Topics include what fluoride is and how it works and the cost-effectiveness of community water fluoridation. The video also addresses toothbrushing, flossing, eating healthy foods, and visiting the dentist.


    Details

    Hoke K, Weyler S. 2020. Fluoridation 50-state survey: State laws and regulations addressing fluoridation in water. St. Paul, MN: Network for Public Health Law, 48 pp.

    Network for Public Health Law
    875 Summit Avenue
    St. Paul, MN 55105

    Telephone: (651) 695-7749
    Fax: (651) 695-7749
    Website: https://www.networkforphl.org
    Available from the website.

    This survey provides a summary of the statutes and regulations related to water fluoridation in each U.S. state and select jurisdictions. For each state, the names of the statute and regulation (where available) are included.


    Details

    Children's Dental Health Project. 2015. Fluoridation advocacy: Pew's contributions and lessons that emerge. Washington, DC: Children's Dental Health Project, 27 pp.

    Children's Dental Health Project
    1020 19th Street, N.W., Suite 400
    Washington, DC 20036

    Telephone: (202) 833-8288
    Fax: (202) 331-1432
    E-mail: info@cdhp.org
    Website: https://www.cdhp.org
    Available from the website.

    This report summarizes the Pew Charitable Trusts' efforts to support and strengthen advocacy for community water fluoridation. The report examines the impact that Pew's work has had on advancing community water fluoridation and lessons that have emerged from Pew's experiences. Examples from Pew-assisted state campaigns' efforts to initiate water fluoridation or reaffirm its value are included.


    Details

    American Dental Association. 2005. Fluoridation facts. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 69 pp.

    American Dental Association
    211 East Chicago Avenue
    Chicago, IL 60611-2678

    Telephone: (312) 440-2500
    Fax: (312) 440-7494
    E-mail: info@ada.org
    Website: http://www.ada.org
    Document Number: J120.

    This booklet contains answers to frequently asked questions about community water fluoridation. Information based on scientific research is presented in question-and-answer format for the effectiveness, safety, practice, and cost-effectiveness of fluoridation. Additionally, the booklet contains a compendium of national and international organizations.


    Details

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health. 2015. Fluoridation toolkit: A resource for health advocates. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, multiple items.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
    Available from the website.

    This toolkit for advocates provides resources for educating communities about community water fluoridation. Contents include sample blog posts, a memo for newspaper editors, letters to the editor, tips for talking to reporters, remarks to help parents and health professionals talk to city council or local board members, a resolution observing community water fluoridation's 70th anniversary, and social media messages. A user's guide is included.


    Details

    American Dental Association. 2003–. Fluoridation videos. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, multiple items.

    American Dental Association
    211 East Chicago Avenue
    Chicago, IL 60611-2678

    Telephone: (312) 440-2500
    Fax: (312) 440-7494
    E-mail: info@ada.org
    Website: http://www.ada.org
    Available from the website.

    This series of videos for consumers provides information about fluoride in community water, bottled water, and home-water-treatment systems. Additional videos presented by dentists provide information about the benefits of fluoride for dental caries prevention in adults; fluoride and bone cancer; the role of environmental and policy changes and individual behavior change in preventing dental caries; fluoride and neurotoxicity, fluorosis, and infant formula and fluoridated water.


    Details

    Radice SD. 2013. Fluoride and water testing laboratories. [Baltimore, MD: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Oral Health], 3 pp.

    Maryland Department of Health, Office of Oral Health
    201 West Preston Street, Third Floor
    Baltimore, MD 21201

    Telephone: (410) 767-5300
    Secondary Telephone: (800) 735-2258
    Fax: (410) 333-7392
    E-mail: https://health.maryland.gov/Pages/contactus.aspx
    Website: http://phpa.dhmh.maryland.gov/oralhealth/Pages/home.aspx
    Available from the website.

    This document defines fluoride, describes the benefits of fluoridated water, and discusses the importance of consulting a health professional or oral health professional before making decisions about taking fluoride supplements. The document also provides information about independent laboratories that the Maryland Department of the Environment has approved to test fluoride levels and accept water samples from the general public.


    Details

    South Dakota Department of Health. 2014. Fluoride and water: What parents should know [upd.]. [Pierre, SD]: South Dakota Department of Health, 2 pp.

    South Dakota Department of Health, Oral Health Program
    600 East Capitol Avenue
    Pierre, SD 57501-2536

    Telephone: (605) 773-3361
    Secondary Telephone: (800) 733-2301
    Website: http://doh.sd.gov/prevention/oralhealth
    Available from the website.

    This brochure for parents and other caregivers provides information about fluoride and oral health in children, with particular emphasis on fluoride in drinking water. Topics include why children need fluoride; how much they need; where they can get it (drinking tap water, toothpaste and rinses, fluoride treatments); and ways to prevent them from getting too much.


    Details

    University of Rhode Island Water Quality Program and Rhode Island Department of Health. 2013. Fluoride in drinking water wells. Providence, RI: University of Rhode Island Water Quality Program and Rhode Island Department of Health, 2 pp, (Safe well water RI: Tip sheet 6).

    University of Rhode Island, Water Quality Program
    Kingston, RI 02881

    Telephone: 401-874-1000
    Website: https://web.uri.edu/cels/water-quality-programs/#:~:text=The%20URI%20Home*A*Syst,their%20health%20and%20the%20environment

    This tip sheet for consumers provides information about fluoride, the benefits of drinking water with fluoride, and the problems that can be caused by having too little or too much fluoride in water. The tip sheet also provides a definition of well water and explains how fluoride gets into well water. In addition, it offers instructions on how to determine how much fluoride is in well water, provides a list of state-certified labs in Rhode Island that can test water, and explains what to do if well water has too much fluoride.


    Details

    National Research Council, Committee on Fluoride in Drinking Water. 2006. Fluoride in drinking water: A scientific review of EPA's standards. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 507 pp, brief (4 pp).

    National Academies Press
    500 Fifth Street, N.W., Keck 360
    Washington, DC 20001

    Telephone: (202) 334-3313
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 624-8373
    Fax: (202) 334-2451
    E-mail: customer_service@nap.edu
    Website: http://www.nap.edu
    Available from the website. Document Number: ISBN 978-0-309-10128-8.

    This report presents a review of the scientific basis of the Environmental Protection Agency's levels for fluoride, and the adequacy for protecting children and others from adverse health effects. Chapter contents include an introduction to fluoride in drinking water and its history; measures of exposure to fluoride; pharmacokinetics of fluoride; effects of fluoride on teeth, effects on systems including musculoskeletal, reproductive and developmental, endocrine, gastrointestinal, renal, hepatic, and immune; neurotoxicity and neurobehavioral effects, as well as genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. The final chapter focuses on drinking water standards for fluoride.


    Details

    Pew Charitable Trusts. 2015. Fluoride in our water: Facts you need to make a healthy choice. Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts, 1 video (2 min).

    Pew Charitable Trusts
    One Commerce Square 2005 Market Street, Suite 1700
    Philadelphia, PA 19103-7077

    Telephone: (215) 575-9050
    Fax: (215) 575-4939
    E-mail: info@pewtrusts.org
    Website: http://www.pewtrusts.org
    Available from the website.

    This video provides information about how community water fluoridation (CWF) has benefitted children and adults by preventing tooth decay. Topics include information about the number of people on public water systems in the United States who live in places where their communities have decided to adjust fluoride in the water to the optimal level to prevent dental caries, and federal, professional, and international support for CWF.


    Details

    Children's Dental Health Project and American University Washington College of Law, Health Law and Policy Program on Law and Government. 2015. Fluoride legislative user information database (FLUID). Washington, DC: Children's Dental Health Project, 1 v.

    Children's Dental Health Project
    1020 19th Street, N.W., Suite 400
    Washington, DC 20036

    Telephone: (202) 833-8288
    Fax: (202) 331-1432
    E-mail: info@cdhp.org
    Website: https://www.cdhp.org
    Available from the website.

    This database provides a comprehensive online compilation of court decisions, laws, and policies related to community water fluoridation from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The database has four primary sections: search, case law, state and local action, and federal action. Searches may be conducted using any combination of keyword, content type, and case topic type. Multiple state and content types can be selected and unselected.


    Details

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health and National Network for Oral Health Access. 2014. Fluoride safety: A guide for health professionals. [Elk Grove Village, IL]: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 2 pp.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
    Available from the website.

    This document provides guidance for health professionals on fluoride safety as well as information about what fluoride is and how it is consumed and used. Additional topics include fluoride additives, dietary reference intakes, infant formula preparation, bottled water, community water fluoridation, and addressing health concerns related to fluoride consumption. The document is available in English and Spanish. A companion handout for parents and other caregivers is also available.


    Details

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health and National Network for Oral Health Access. 2014. Fluorosis facts: A guide for health professionals. [Elk Grove Village, IL]: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 2 pp.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
    Available from the website.

    This document for health professionals provides information about the importance of fluoride in preventing tooth decay in children and tips on discussing fluorosis with families who may have questions about the condition. Contents include the definition, occurrence, and prevalence of fluorosis; fluorosis and toothpaste and other oral health products; and risk assessment and prevention. The document is available in English and Spanish. A companion resource for parents and caregivers is also available.


    Details

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health and National Network for Oral Health Access. 2014. Fluorosis facts: A resource for parents and caregivers. [Elk Grove Village, IL]: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 2 pp.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
    Available from the website.

    This document for parents and other caregivers provides information about fluorosis. The document explains what fluorosis is, what causes it, and how to tell if a child has it. Also discussed are how much flouride children need to protect their teeth, and what parents and caregivers can do to protect children's teeth without causing fluorosis.


    Details

    American Dental Association. 2001–. For the dental patient. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association and the Journal of the American Dental Association.

    American Dental Association
    211 East Chicago Avenue
    Chicago, IL 60611-2678

    Telephone: (312) 440-2500
    Fax: (312) 440-7494
    E-mail: info@ada.org
    Website: http://www.ada.org
    Available from the website.

    This resource provides oral health information that dentists can copy as handouts for their clients. New topics are regularly added to the series. Topics include tooth decay, tongue splitting and oral jewelry, mouthguards, gum disease, tobacco cessation, oral health during pregnancy, oral health during cancer treatment, the benefits and safety of dental radiographs, and oral health care for children.


    Details

    Delta Dental Foundation, Michigan Dental Association Foundation. 2015. From drool to school: Caring for your child's oral health from the drool years through the school years [upd.]. [Lansing, MI]: Delta Dental Plan of Michigan, 56 pp.

    Delta Dental Foundation
    4100 Okemos Road
    Okemos, MI 48864

    Telephone: (800) 524-0149
    Website: http://www.deltadentalmi.com
    Available from the website.

    This booklet for parents provides information on how to care for an infant’s or child’s oral health from birth through the elementary school years. The booklet also includes information about how to find and pay for oral health care and activities that parents can do with their child to help them learn together about the importance of good oral health. The booklet is available in Arabic, English, and Spanish. A brochure and a video are also available.


    Details

    From the First Tooth. 2014–. From the First Tooth. [Portland, ME]: From the First Tooth, multiple items.

    From the First Tooth / Before the First Tooth
    c/o MaineHealth 110 Free Street
    Portland, ME 04101

    Telephone: (207) 662-6296
    E-mail: info@fromthefirsttooth.org
    Website: http://www.fromthefirsttooth.org
    Available from the website.

    This initiative provides resources that can help prenatal care health professionals, primary care health professionals, and oral health professionals improve infants’ and young children’s oral health by integrating preventive oral health care into primary care well-child visits. The initiative is located in New England (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, Rhode Island, and Vermont). Information for parents and other caregivers about promoting oral health and obtaining oral health care is also included, along with information for community organizations.


    Details

    National Research Council, Subcommittee on Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride. 1993. Health effects of ingested fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 206 pp.

    National Academies Press
    500 Fifth Street, N.W., Keck 360
    Washington, DC 20001

    Telephone: (202) 334-3313
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 624-8373
    Contact Phone: (800) 624-6242
    Fax: (202) 334-2451
    E-mail: customer_service@nap.edu
    Website: http://www.nap.edu
    Available from the website. Document Number: ISBN 978-0-309-08668-4.

    This book reviews the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards related to fluoridated drinking water, examines the health effects of ingested fluoride, and addresses the question of whether the maximum contaminant level of 4 milligrams (mg) of fluoride per liter of drinking water is appropriate. The report discusses various kinds of toxicity that have been attributed to fluoride ingestion, including dental fluorosis; bone fracture; reproductive, renal, gastrointestinal, and immunologic toxicities; genotoxicity; and carcinogenicity. The report also assesses the EPA drinking water standard for fluoride to determine whether it is protective of public health. The document is intended for use by EPA in deciding whether to maintain or revise its drinking water standard for fluoride.


    Details

    Wilkniss S, Tripoli S. 2015. Health investments that pay off: Strategies to improve oral health. Washington, DC: National Governors Association, 9 pp.

    National Governors Association
    444 North Capitol Street, Suite 267
    Washington, DC 20001-1512

    Telephone: (202) 624-5300
    Secondary Telephone:
    Fax: (202) 624-5313
    E-mail: webmaster@nga.org
    Website: http://www.nga.org
    Available from the website.

    This brief outlines oral health interventions to improve population health and the quality of health care and to reduce health care costs. It includes an overview of the problem, strategies to implement and finance evidence-based interventions, and strategies to support data collection related to interventions. Topics include expanding dental sealant programs; paying primary care health professionals to provide fluoride varnish applications; updating and investing in community-water-fluoridation systems; improving data-analysis capabilities; expanding scope-ofpractice laws and changing Medicaid reimbursement policies; and considering emerging models for new types of health professionals, including dental therapists and advanced dental hygienist practitioners.


    Details

    Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Office of Primary Care and Rural Health. n.d.. Healthy teeth healthy smiles and the role fluoride plays. Jefferson City, MO: Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Office of Primary Care and Rural Health, 2 pp.

    Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Office of Dental Health
    P.O. Box 570
    Jefferson City, MO 65102-0570

    Telephone: (573) 751-5874
    E-mail: info@health.mo.gov
    Website: http://health.mo.gov/living/families/oralhealth/index.php
    Available from the website.

    This brochure provides information about the role that fluoride plays in keeping teeth healthy. It offers information about tooth decay and how to prevent it, explains what fluoride and community fluoridated water (CFW) are, and discusses how drinking CFW can help prevent tooth decay. The brochure also presents tips for keeping the mouth healthy and discusses the importance of good oral health for overall health.


    Details

    National Center on Early Childhood Health and Wellness. 2017. I like my teeth [oral health posters]. Elk Grove Village, IL: National Center on Early Childhood Health and Wellness, 8 items.

    National Center on Early Childhood Health and Wellness
    American Academy of Pediatrics 345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (888) 227-5125
    E-mail: health@ecetta.info
    Website: https://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/ncechw

    These posters for consumers share simple, positive messages about brushing children’s teeth with fluoridated toothpaste, drinking fluoridated water, eating a healthy diet, and talking to the dentist or doctor about fluoride treatments for children. The posters are available in English and in Spanish.


    Details

    Johnson T, Goodwin K. 2016. Improving lifetime oral health: Policy options and innovations. Denver, CO: National Conference of State Legislatures, 11 pp.

    National Conference of State Legislatures
    7700 East First Place
    Denver, CO 80230

    Telephone: (303) 364-7700
    Fax: (303) 364-7800
    Website: http://www.ncsl.org
    Available from the website.

    This brief highlights state policy options for improving oral health for children, adolescents, and adults and system-level reforms to improve oral health care and reduce costs. Topics include oral health screening and assessment in primary care settings, expanding access to school-based care, raising awareness about healthy behaviors, expanding coverage for adults with low incomes, and ensuring an adequate oral health workforce. Additional topics include improving oral health care access for pregnant women, coordinating primary care and oral health, expanding access to health professionals through teledentistry, understanding the state role in community water fluoridation, and maximizing data.


    Details

    Community Preventive Services Task Force. 2013. Improving oral health. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Community Guide Branch, multiple items.

    Community Preventive Services Task Force
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Community Guide Branch 1600 Clifton Road, N.E., MSE69
    Atlanta, GA 30329

    Telephone: (404) 498-6595
    E-mail: communityguide@cdc.gov
    Website: https://www.thecommunityguide.org/task-force/community-preventive-services-task-force-members
    Available from the website.

    These resources provide evidence-based recommendations and findings about what works to improve public oral health. Strategies are reviewed and interventions outlined in three key areas: (1) prevention of dental caries, (2) prevention of oral and pharyngeal cancers, and (3) prevention of oral and facial injuries. Recommendations for community water fluoridation and school-based dental-sealant programs are included.


    Details

    Brunson D. 2012. Improving the oral health of Colorado's children. [Denver, CO:] The Colorado Trust, Caring for Colorado Foundation, Delta Dental of Colorado Foundation, 8 pp.

    Oral Health Colorado
    P.O. Box 1335
    Nederland, CO 80466

    Telephone: (303) 258-3339
    E-mail: deborah@oralhealthcolorado.org
    Website: http://www.oralhealthcolorado.org
    Available from the website.

    This issue brief presents oral health data for children in Colorado, state responses to children's oral health needs, best practices, and next steps. Topics include the causes of oral disease, prevention and public health strategies such as community water fluoridation and school-based dental sealant programs, legislation, access to oral health care, provider shortage, educating children and families, and accomplishments.


    Details

    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health, School Health Branch. 2014. Increasing access to drinking water in schools. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 52 pp.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov
    Available from the website.

    This toolkit describes key steps that schools can take to meet federal requirements for drinking water during meal periods, as well as to make drinking water available and accessible across the school campus. Topics include conducting a needs assessment of current drinking water policies and practices, developing a school water access plan, implementing the school water access plan, and evaluating the success of the plan. Appendices include a school drinking water needs assessment checklist and planning guide, a diagram of water testing in schools, examples of water dispensers for schools, strategies for overcoming potential challenges, and water access key stakeholder interview questions.


    Details

    Douglass J, Douglass A, Silk H. [2007]. Infant oral health fast facts (3rd ed.). [Farmington, CT: University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine], 2 pp.

    University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine
    263 Farmington Avenue
    Farmington, CT 06030

    Telephone: (860) 679-2808
    Website: http://sdm.uchc.edu/index.html
    Available from the website.

    This pocket card provides information on oral health topics and is intended to serve as a quick reference tool for health professionals during well child care visits. Topics are presented by developmental age (0-2 months, 4 months, 6-9 months, and 12 months and older) and include diet, fluoride supplementation and fluoride varnish, dental caries risk assessment, oral hygiene, dental screening, and regular dental visits. Tooth eruption charts, information on well water testing, and a list of water companies in Connecticut with optimally fluoridated water are also included.


    Details

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health. 2011. Infrastructure development tools (upd. ed.). Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
    Available from the website.

    These resources are designed to help state-oral-health-program directors plan, develop, implement, and evaluate oral-health-promotion and disease-prevention efforts. Each component describes a key element of an effective oral health program. Topics include staffing, management, and support; data collection and surveillance, the state oral health plan, partnerships and coalitions, school-based and school-linked dental sealant programs, community-water-fluoridation programs, policy development, evaluation, and program collaboration.


    Details

    New York, NY, Office of School Health. 2019. Integration of preventive dental services in school health programs. Albany, NY: University of New York at Albany, Center for Public Health Continuing Education, 1 item.

    University of New York at Albany, Center for Public Health Continuing Education
    Website: http://www.phtc-online.org
    Available from the website.

    This course for health professionals provides an overview of how to conduct an oral health screening, identify problems, apply fluoride varnish, and provide education to children in a school based setting. It also includes information on making a dental referral. The course may be taken to fulfill continuing education credits.


    Details

    Iowa Department of Public Health. 2017. Iowa community water fluoridation plan 2017-2021. [Des Moines, IA]: Iowa Department of Public Health, 5 pp.

    Iowa Department of Public Health
    321 East 12th Street
    Des Moines, IA 50319-0075

    Telephone: (515) 281-7689
    Secondary Telephone: (866) 227-9878
    E-mail: https://www.idph.iowa.gov/Contact-Us
    Website: http://www.idph.iowa.gov
    Available from the website.

    This community water fluoridation plan outlines strategies for ensuring that all Iowans have access to optimally fluoridated water. Objectives and activities are discussed. A logic model setting forth long-term outcomes, short-term outcomes, activities, and inputs is included.


    Details

    Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems. 2015. Iowa oral health environmental scan summary 2014. Des Moines, IA: Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems, 9 pp.

    Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems
    Lucas State Office Building 321 East 12th Street
    Des Moines, IA 50319-0075

    Telephone: (515) 242-6383
    Secondary Telephone: (866) 528-4020
    Fax: (515) 242-6384
    Website: http://www.idph.iowa.gov/ohds
    Available from the website.

    This document summarizes results from environmental scans completed by state oral health program staff and oral health stakeholders outside the program to identify opportunities for improving oral health in Iowa. Contents include questions and results in the following topic areas: community water fluoridation, coordination of oral health stakeholders, oral health data, oral health and its integration within health reform and health initiatives, and interventions or policy changes that would increase access to oral health care for underserved populations. Stakeholder comments are also included.


    Details

    Braff-Guajardo E, Hecht K. 2015. Kids and drinking water: A glass half full or half empty?. Washington, DC: Grantmakers In Health, 3 pp, (Views from the field).

    Grantmakers In Health
    1100 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 1200
    Washington, DC 20036-4101

    Telephone: (202) 452-8331
    Fax: (202) 452-8340
    Website: http://www.gih.org
    Available from the website.

    This paper discusses the importance of children drinking water. Topics include information about the importance of water consumption in preventing chronic disease; obstacles to ensuring that students have access to clean, safe drinking water in schools; drinking water challenges in communities; and opportunities for funders to increase children’s access to and consumption of free, safe drinking water. Improving access, prioritizing education, funding data collection and research, promoting multisectoral partnerships, and advocating for supportive policies are also discussed. In addition, the paper presents a policy framework to support healthy development in children by investing in accessible, safe drinking water.


    Details

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health. 2016. Kids say the darnedest things. [Elk Grove Village, IL]: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 3 items.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
    Available from the website.

    These videos feature young children talking about oral health. Topics include when children brush their teeth, how they brush, what happens when they go to the dentist, and how fluoride helps prevent cavities.


    Details

    Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health. 2016. Michigan state oral health plan implementation progress report. Lansing, MI: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health, 13 pp.

    Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health
    201 Townsend Street Box 30195
    Lansing, MI 48913

    Telephone: (517) 373-3740
    Website: http://www.michigan.gov/mdch/0,1607,7-132-2942_4911_4912_6226---,00.html
    Available from the website.

    This report summarizes successful activities and initiatives to improve oral health in Michigan. Contents include success stories about the oral health surveillance system, the Boyne city water fluoridation vote, connecting oral health to diabetes management, the Michigan Oral Health Coalition mini-grant program, increasing age 1 dental visits, the Healthy Kids Dental expansion, the Seal! Michigan Dental Sealant Program, donated dental services, an older adult oral health assessment pilot, and strengthening oral health programs.


    Details

    Mississippi State Department of Health. 2015. Mississippi fact sheet: Community water fluoridation and oral health [rev.]. [Jackson, MS]: Mississippi State Department of Health, 1 p.

    Mississippi State Department of Health, Division of Dental Services
    Box 1700
    Jackson, MS 39215-1700

    Telephone: (601) 576-7500
    Secondary Telephone: (866) 458-4948
    Fax: (601) 576-8190
    Website: http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/41,0,151.html
    Available from the website.

    This fact sheet outlines the importance of good oral health and the role community water fluoridation can play in preventing tooth decay. Topics include statistics on oral health in children and adults in Mississippi, the percentage of the population receiving optimally fluoridated drinking water in Mississippi in comparison to other states, the cost of water fluoridation relative to treatment costs, and public funding for programs.


    Details

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health, and Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2015. National Oral Health Surveillance System. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, multiple items.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov
    Available from the website.

    This data system provides information about the burden of oral disease, use of oral-health-care-delivery systems, and status of community water fluoridation on both a national and state level. The system is designed to track oral health surveillance indicators based on data sources and surveillance capacity available to most states. Indicators include adult dental visits, teeth cleaning, and tooth loss; dental sealants, caries experience, and untreated tooth decay in children; and the percentage of the population served by public water systems who receive fluoridated water.


    Details

    Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2016. Natural fluoride in drinking water. Reno, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 2 pp.

    Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
    3858 Cashill Boulevard
    Reno, NV 89509

    Telephone: (775) 626-5008
    Fax: (775) 626-9268
    E-mail: info@astdd.org
    Website: http://www.astdd.org
    Available from the website.

    This fact sheet for oral health professionals and others provides information about fluoride occurring naturally in private wells and groundwater. Content is presented in a question-and-answer format. Topics include how much fluoride is found naturally in drinking water sources, who is responsible for monitoring fluoride found in public water systems and in private drinking water sources, recommended levels for fluoride in drinking water sources, and water-filtration systems that remove or reduce fluoride from drinking water.


    Details

    American Dental Association and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2006. Nature's way to prevent tooth decay: Water fluoridation (rev. ed.). Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 2 pp.

    National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
    Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

    E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
    Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
    Available from the website.

    This brochure for consumers explains the benefits of community water fluoridation. Contents include statements from the American Dental Association, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the U.S. Surgeon General; information on the safety, benefits, and cost-effectiveness of community water fluoridation; and key points. It is available in English and Spanish.


    Details

    Wright JM. 2001. Nevada State Planning and Fluoridation Systems Development (NVSPFSD) Project: Final report. Carson City, NV: Nevada State Health Division, 25 pp.

    National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
    Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

    E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
    Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
    Available from the website.

    This report describes a project that aimed to prevent dental caries by providing optimal levels of fluoride in Nevada's community water systems. Report sections include the purpose of the project, goals and objectives, methodology, evaluation, results and outcomes, publications and products, dissemination and utilization of project results, future plans and follow-up, type and amount of support and resources needed to replicate the project, as well as the project annotation, abstract, and a list of equipment purchased with grant funds. The appendices include sample flyers, brochures, and a script of a public service announcement. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


    Details

    Oklahoma State Department of Health, Dental Health Service. 2012. Oklahoma community water fluoridation plan. Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma State Department of Health, Dental Health Service, 19 pp.

    Oklahoma State Department of Health, Dental Health Service
    1000 Northeast 10th Street
    Oklahoma City, OK 73117-1299

    Telephone: (405) 271-5502
    Fax: (405) 271-5434
    Website: https://www.ok.gov/health/Community_&_Family_Health/Dental_Health_Service/index.html
    Available from the website.

    This report describes the history of community water fluoridation and its role in improving oral health by reducing tooth decay throughout the country and in Oklahoma. Additional topics include a brief review of federal and state laws and regulations; program management; quality control; and goals, objectives, and action plan elements. Appendices include a logic model for Oklahoma, a chart showing the status of fluoridation in the state, and fact sheets.


    Details

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health. 2015–. Open data tools. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, multiple items.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
    Available from the website.

    These tools are part of oral health data systems that monitor the prevalence of oral diseases and the factors influencing oral health. The systems bring together existing data from multiple national and state sources and present the data in useful and accessible formats for the broad community interested in promoting oral health. Contents include information about policies on data methods, procedures, and use; local water system's fluoridation status; characteristics of and programs conducted by state and territorial oral health programs by year; indicators from the National Oral Health Surveillance System and from biennial Water Fluoridation Reports; and a water fluoridation monitoring tool for state and tribal water fluoridation program managers and oral health program directors or managers.


    Details

    Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems. 2019. Optimal community water fluoridation in Iowa: Strategic plan 2018-2023. Des Moines, IA: Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems, 6 pp.

    Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems
    Lucas State Office Building 321 East 12th Street
    Des Moines, IA 50319-0075

    Telephone: (515) 242-6383
    Secondary Telephone: (866) 528-4020
    Fax: (515) 242-6384
    Website: http://www.idph.iowa.gov/ohds
    Available from the website.

    This strategic plan outlines focus areas for the period 2010–2018 that are intended to increase the number of Iowans who have access to optimally fluoridated community water. The focus areas include partnerships, data collection and reporting, communication and policy, and infrastructure and system development. For each focus area, strategies and activities are presented. Outcome measures are also included.


    Details

    Wisconsin Department of Health Services. 2013. Optimal fluoride level recommendations: Community water fluoridation. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Health Services, 2 pp, (Oral health in Wisconsin: A fact sheet).

    Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Oral Health Program
    Division of Public Health P.O. Box 2659
    Madison, WI 53701-2659

    Fax: (608) 266-3483
    Website: https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/oral-health/index.htm
    Available from the website.

    This fact sheet discusses the oral health benefits of providing optimal levels of fluoride in community water and includes information about a recent U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommendation to increase fluoride levels in fluoridated drinking water. The fact sheet provides background on the benefits of water fluoridation (including information on percentages of Wisconsin children who have experienced tooth decay in communities with fluoridated water compared to those in communities without it), the impact of the new fluoride level, and how to address potential concerns about fluoridated community water sources. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


    Details

    Weil AR, ed. 2016. Oral health & more. Health Affairs 35(12):2163–2348.

    Health Affairs
    Project HOPE: The People-to-People Foundation 7500 Old Georgetown Road, Suite 600
    Bethesda, MD 20814

    Telephone: (301) 656-7401
    Fax: (301) 654-2854
    Website: http://www.healthaffairs.org
    Available from the website.

    This issue of Health Affairs describes aspects of the divide between oral health care and medical care and the consequences of this divide for patients. Topics include oral health care's education system and work force, financing and delivery, research, and quality measurement.


    Details

    California Dental Association. 2017. Oral health fact sheets. Sacramento, CA: California Dental Association, multiple items (1 p each).

    California Dental Association
    1201 K Street, 14th Floor
    Sacramento, CA 95814

    Telephone: (800) 232-7645
    E-mail: contactcda@cda.org
    Website: http://www.cda.org
    Available from the website.

    These fact sheets for consumers provide information on a variety of oral health topics. Topics include dental benefit coverage, dental caries, fluoride, general anesthesia and oral sedation, gum disease, mouthguards, nutrition, oral cancer, oral piercing, pregnancy, sealants, smokeless tobacco, and xylitol. The fact sheets are available in English, Chinese, Hmong, Russian, Spanish, and Vietnamese.


    Details

    Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Oral Health Program. 2020. Oral health in Missouri: 2020–A burden report by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. Jefferson City, MO: Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Oral Health Program, 58 pp.

    Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Office of Dental Health
    P.O. Box 570
    Jefferson City, MO 65102-0570

    Telephone: (573) 751-5874
    E-mail: info@health.mo.gov
    Website: http://health.mo.gov/living/families/oralhealth/index.php
    Available from the website.

    This report describes oral health trends and disparities in Missouri. It includes key findings, national comparisons, and trends. Other topics include demographics, community water fluoridation, oral health status of school-age children and adults, preventive health care for school age children and adults, tobacco use and cancer risk, older adults, perinatal oral health,hospitalizations and emergency department visits, and access to care. Regional and local data are also included.


    Details

    Texas Department of State Health Services, Oral Health Program. 2008. Oral health in Texas. Austin, TX: Texas Department of State Health Services, Oral Health Program, 1 v.

    Texas Department of State Health Services, Oral Health Improvement Program
    P.O. Box 149347, Mail Code 1818
    Austin, TX 78714-9347

    Telephone: (512) 776-2008
    Fax: (512) 776-7256
    E-mail: dental@dshs.state.tx.us
    Website: http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/dental/default.shtm
    Available from the website.

    This report provides information about public health and oral health in Texas. Contents include national and state objectives on oral health, state profile, the burden of oral disease, riak and protective factors affecting oral disease, and the provision of oral health services.


    Details

    Nazare S, Pied D. 2013. Oral health maps: A series of maps describing professional and prevention resources, Maine, 2011-2012. [Augusta. ME]: Maine Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health Program, multiple items.

    Maine Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health Program
    11 State House Station Key Plaza, Fifth Floor
    Augusta, ME 04333

    Website: http://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/odh
    Available from the website.

    These maps provide a picture of oral health resources in Maine. The maps display data on the number and density of licensed dentists and dental hygienists by county of practice, safety net dental clinics, schools funded to provide fluoride mouthrinse and dental sealants, and public water systems providing optimally fluoridated water. Maps showing independent dental hygienist practices and public health dental hygienists providing school-linked services while using public health supervision are also included.


    Details

    Comlossy M. 2013. Oral health overview: Health care safety-net toolkit for legislators. Denver, CO: National Conference of State Legislatures, 11 pp.

    National Conference of State Legislatures
    7700 East First Place
    Denver, CO 80230

    Telephone: (303) 364-7700
    Fax: (303) 364-7800
    Website: http://www.ncsl.org
    Available from the website.

    This brief for legislators provides information about the role of state policy in improving access to oral health care. Topics include oral health disparities, barriers to good oral health, the oral health safety net, work force, state policy options, and federal action. State examples related to oral health literacy, water fluoridation, insurance coverage and provider participation, and addressing work force shortages are included.


    Details

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health. 2015-2016. Oral health posters. [Elk Grove Village, IL]: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 5 items.

    American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
    345 Park Boulevard
    Itasca, IL 60143

    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
    Fax: (847) 434-8000
    E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
    Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org

    These posters for consumers discuss why children need fluoride, how fluoride fights cavities, the importance of water with fluoride for oral health and overall health, community water fluoridation for oral health equity, and teaching children to brush and floss. The posters are available in English and Spanish.


    Details

    National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center. 2003–. Oral health resource bulletin. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, semi-annual.

    National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
    Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

    E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
    Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
    Available from the website.

    This bulletin lists selected oral health resources that are available for health professionals, program administrators, policymakers, and educators in the maternal and child health community. It includes sections on data and surveillance, Maternal and Child Health Bureau-funded project reports, policy, professional-client tools, professional education and practice, program development, public awareness and education, and quality assurance. Each bulletin supplements previous volumes. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


    Details

    University of Connecticut Health Center. [2007]. Oral health resources for health professionals. Farmington, CT: University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, multiple items.

    University of Connecticut Health Center
    263 Farmington Avenue
    Farmington, CT 06030

    Telephone: (860) 679-2000
    Website: http://www.uchc.edu
    Available from the website.

    These resources are designed to improve the effectiveness of primary care physicians, residents, medical students, and other health professionals in addressing the oral health of clients in the medical setting. Contents include lectures and video clips, an interactive case browser, client education posters in English and Spanish, physician reference materials, and software downloads. Topics include oral health in infants and young children, adult oral health, oral emergencies, water fluoridation, and fluoride varnish.


    Details

    Texas Department of State Health Services, Office of Program Decision Support. 2012. Oral health surveillance data chart book. Austin, TX: Texas Department of State Health Services, Office of Program Decision Support, 53 pp.

    Texas Department of State Health Services, Oral Health Improvement Program
    P.O. Box 149347, Mail Code 1818
    Austin, TX 78714-9347

    Telephone: (512) 776-2008
    Fax: (512) 776-7256
    E-mail: dental@dshs.state.tx.us
    Website: http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/dental/default.shtm
    Available from the website.

    This chart book provides national and statewide data on oral health status and trends among residents of Texas. It also describes factors affecting oral health status in the state. Topics include birth defects involving the mouth; oral disease among adults, children, and pregnant women; cancers of the mouth and throat; community water fluoridation; substance abuse among youth; the oral health work force; and access to oral health care services.


    Details

    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 2011. Oral health: Preventing cavities, gum disease, tooth loss, and oral cancers (rev. ed.). Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3 items.

    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp
    Available from the website.

    These documents provide an overview of the burden of oral disease in the United States and federal and state efforts to address the problem. Topics include the efforts of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to support state-based programs, monitor oral health status, provide education and share expertise, support prevention science and new approaches, guide infection control in dentistry, and prevent oral cancer. Stories and description of state programs that can serve as examples are included.


    Details

    University of Maryland School of Public Health, Herschel S. Horowitz Center for Health Literacy. 2012. Order form: Caries prevention material. College Park, MD: University of Maryland School of Public Health, Herschel S. Horowitz Center for Health Literacy, 1 p.

    University of Maryland School of Public Health, Horowitz Center for Health Literacy
    Dean's Office SPH Building, Room 2367 University of Maryland
    College Park, MD 20742

    Telephone: (301) 405-2356
    E-mail: HealthLiteracy@umd.edu
    Website: https://sph.umd.edu/center/hchl
    Available at no charge.

    This poster series provides evidence-based messages about preventing tooth decay in infants and young children. The posters can be used in well-child clinics, preschool programs, WIC, Head Start programs, dental clinics, and health centers to introduce key oral health messages to parents and other caregivers and to reinforce other educational messages. Topics include dental sealants, fluorides, and oral hygiene. The posters are available in English and Spanish.


    Details

    Oregon Health Authority, Oral Health Program. 2016. Oregon oral health surveillance system 2002–2015. Portland, OR: Oregon Health Authority, Center for Prevention and Health Promotion, 7 pp.

    Oregon Health Authority, Oral Health Program
    800 N.E. Oregon Street, Suite 850
    Portland, OR 97232

    Telephone: (971) 673-0348
    Secondary Telephone: (971) 673-0372
    Fax: (971) 673-0240
    E-mail: oral.health@state.or.us
    Website: https://public.health.oregon.gov/PreventionWellness/oralhealth/Pages/index.aspx
    Available from the website.

    This document provides data on key indicators of oral health in Oregon for the period 2002 through 2015. Contents include a description of each indicator and the source and frequency of data available by year. Topics include preventive oral health services for pregnant women, toddlers, children, adolescents, and adults. Data on work force, Medicaid, cancer, cleft lip/palate, and water fluoridation are included.


    Details

    Dodson DK. 2001. [Oregon] State Planning and Fluoridation Systems Development Project: Final report. Portland, OR: Office of Family Health, [Oregon] Department of Human Services, 25 pp.

    National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
    Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

    E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
    Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
    Available from the website.

    This final report describes the State Planning and Fluoridation Systems Development Initiative that was implemented in Oregon. The purpose of the project was to develop the infrastructure necessary to assist in the creation and facilitation of community-based coalitions that will then address the prevention of dental caries through the implementation of water fluoridation at the community level. The report discusses the purpose of the project, goals and objectives, methodology, evalution, results and outcomes, publications and products, dissemination and utilization of results, future plans and follow-up, and type and amount of support and resources needed to replicate. The report includes two appendices: a copy of a brochure of community water fluoridation and a fluoride education materials order form. A diskette with the material is included, as well. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


    Details

    Florida Department of Health. 2012. Policy statement on community water fluoridation. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Health, Public Health Dental Program, 1 p.

    Florida Department of Health, Public Health Dental Program
    4052 Bald Cypress Way, Bin A14
    Tallahassee, FL 32399-1724

    Telephone: (850) 245-4333
    Website: http://www.floridahealth.gov/programs-and-services/community-health/dental-health/index.html
    Available from the website.

    This document addresses Florida’s public health policy related to community water fluoridation (CWF). Topics include the history and impact of CWF in reducing tooth decay in children and adults, documentation of the safety and efficacy of CWF, and support for CWF as the most economical and effective means to control the public health problem of dental caries.


    Details

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health. [2002]. Preventing dental caries. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 pp, (Preventing chronic diseases: Investing wisely in health).

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

    Telephone: (800) 232-4636
    Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
    E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
    Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
    Available at no charge; also available from the website.

    This fact sheet presents a snapshot of efforts to reduce dental caries. The fact sheet includes a brief statistical overview of dental caries among children and adults, a description of community-based strategies to prevent tooth decay, and a graph depicting progress in meeting the Healthy People 2010 oral health objectives. Also included is information on the impact of community and school partnerships in Wisconsin; community coalitions in California, New Hampshire, Nevada, Texas, and Utah; and a school-based dental sealant program in Ohio.


    Details

    Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy. 2014. Prevention first: Making sure New York smiles. Albany, NY: Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy, 4 pp.

    Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy
    150 State Street, Fourth Floor
    Albany, NY 12207

    Telephone: (518) 463-1896
    Fax: (518) 463-3364
    Website: http://www.scaany.org
    Available from the website.

    This issue brief describes information about the status of oral health in New York state and opportunities for preventing oral disease in adults, pregnant women, and children. Topics include the costs associated with oral disease and solutions at the individual level (e.g., brushing and flossing, eating healthy foods, drinking fluoridated tap water) and at the community level (e.g., increasing access to fluoridated water, fluoride varnish, and school-based dental sealant programs).


    Details

    1996. Proceedings of the International Symposium Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of Water Fluoridation, Grand Rapids, Michigan, September 1995. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 56(Special Issue 5):233-300.

    American Association of Public Health Dentistry
    P.O. Box 7317
    Springfield, IL 62791-7317

    Telephone: (217) 529-6941
    Fax: (217) 529-9120
    E-mail: info@aaphd.org
    Website: http://www.aaphd.org
    Available in libraries.

    These proceedings provide information related to the International Symposium Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of Water Fluoridation, held in Grand Rapids. Michigan, in 1995. The proceeding includes an introduction that describes the significance of community water fluoridation (CWF), as well as papers on related topics. Selected topics include fluoridation and private practice, status and strategic plans for CWF: the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's perspective, the fluoridation war, the effectiveness of CWF in the United States, and the dental curriculum: what should be new in the 21st century?


      Details

      Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Office of Dental Health. 2021. Promoting healthy smiles through education and prevention: Preventive Services Program 2019-2020—Final school year report. Jefferson City, MO: Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Office of Dental Health, 45 pp.

      Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Office of Dental Health
      P.O. Box 570
      Jefferson City, MO 65102-0570

      Telephone: (573) 751-5874
      E-mail: info@health.mo.gov
      Website: http://health.mo.gov/living/families/oralhealth/index.php
      Available from the website.

      This report provides information about the Missouri Oral Health Preventive Services Program (PSP). It discusses why oral health is important and covers the following topics as they relate to PSP participants: demographics, oral hygiene, dental sealants, treatment of tooth decay, treatment urgency, caries incidence, early childhood caries incidence, and white spot lesion incidence.


      Details

      Truman BI, Gooch BF, Sulemana , Horowitz AM, Gift HC, Evans CA. 2001. Promoting oral health: Interventions for preventing dental caries, oral and pharyngeal cancers, and sport-related craniofacial injuries—A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. MMWR Recommendations and Reports 50(RR-21):1-14.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
      1600 Clifton Road
      Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

      Telephone: (800) 232-4636
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
      E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
      Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
      Available at no charge; also available from the website.

      This document reports on systematic reviews of the effectiveness of selected population-based interventions to prevent and control dental caries, oral and pharyngeal cancers, and sports-related craniofacial injuries. The report presents the recommendations of the task force, describes how the reviews were conducted, and provides information designed to help apply the recommended interventions locally.


      Details

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1992. Public health focus: Fluoridation of community water systems. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 41(21):372–375, 361.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      1600 Clifton Road
      Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

      Telephone: (800) 232-4636
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
      E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
      Website: http://www.cdc.gov
      Available from the website.

      This article summarizes information on the efficacy, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of fluoridation of water supplies in the United States.


      Details

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2001. Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. MMWR Recommendations and Reports 50(RR-14):1-42.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
      1600 Clifton Road
      Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

      Telephone: (800) 232-4636
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
      E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
      Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
      Available at no charge; also available from the website.

      The recommendations in this report guide oral health and other health professionals, public health officials, policymakers, and the public in using fluoride to achieve maximum protection against dental caries while reducing the likelihood of enamel fluorosis. The recommendations address public health and professional practice, self-care, consumer product industries, and health agencies.


      Details

      Washington State Board of Health. 2013. Recommended strategies to improve the oral health of Washington residents. Olympia, WA: Washington State Board of Health, 2 pp.

      Washington State Board of Health
      101 Israel Rd. SE P.O. Box 47990
      Olympia, WA 98504

      Telephone: (360) 236-4100
      Fax: (360) 236-4088
      E-mail: wsboh@doh.wa.gov
      Website: http://sboh.wa.gov
      Available from the website.

      This document for communities, organizations, and agencies presents strategic recommendations that are consistent with Healthy People 2020 for improving the oral health of Washington residents. Topics include supporting policies and programs (health systems); expanding and maintaining access to community water fluoridation; providing school age children with access to dental sealants; incorporating oral health improvement strategies across health professions and systems (interprofessional collaboration); improving the capacity of people to obtain, understand, and use health information (oral health literacy); monitoring trends in oral health indicators (surveillance); and developing health professional policies and programs to serve the needs of underserved populations (work force).


      Details

      National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center. 2010–. Resource highlights. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, multiple items.

      National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
      Georgetown University Washington, DC 20057

      E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
      Website: https://www.mchoralhealth.org
      Available from the website.

      These resources for professionals highlight key facts, materials, and websites on oral health topics. Topics include children and adolescents with special health care needs, dental caries, dental home, dental sealants, fluoridated water, fluoride varnish, Head Start, health literacy, home visiting, injury, K–12 education, mobile and portable services, nutrition, pregnancy, primary care, quality improvement, school health services, school readiness, and tobacco. Some of the materials and websites are available in English and Spanish. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]


      Details

      American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health and National Network for Oral Health Access. 2014. Say this, not that: Tips for talking about community water fluoridation. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 2 pp.

      American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
      345 Park Boulevard
      Itasca, IL 60143

      Telephone: (847) 434-4000
      Fax: (847) 434-8000
      E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
      Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
      Available from the website.

      This document for pediatric health professionals provides information about the benefits of community water fluoridation and tips for addressing concerns related to fluoride safety and costs. Topics include fluoride and bottled water, fluorosis, and infant formula preparation. The document is available in English and Spanish.


      Details

      Aetna. 2002–. Simple steps to better dental health. Hartford, CT: Aetna, multiple items.

      Aetna
      151 Farmington Avenue
      Hartford, CT 06156

      Telephone: (860) 273-0123
      Website: http://www.aetna.com
      Available from the website.

      This resource provides information on oral health to help individuals prevent problems, understand conditions, and explore treatments. Topics include tooth decay, toothbrushing and flossing, fluoride, mouth-healthy eating, dental sealants, oral hygiene, tobacco, and dental visits. A parents' guide provides information on oral health in infants, children, and adolescents.


      Details

      Clark J. 2013. Snapshot of oral health in South Dakota. Pierre, SD: South Dakota Department of Health, 27 pp.

      South Dakota Department of Health, Oral Health Program
      600 East Capitol Avenue
      Pierre, SD 57501-2536

      Telephone: (605) 773-3361
      Secondary Telephone: (800) 733-2301
      Website: http://doh.sd.gov/prevention/oralhealth
      Available from the website.

      This report presents data on state epidemiological capacity to monitor trends over time and document improvements in oral health among the residents of South Dakota. Topics include child and adult oral health, state demographics, health professional shortages, access to oral health care, mobile services, Healthy People 2020, early care guidelines, chronic disease and oral health, oral cancer, and water fluoridation. Sources and references; reports on surveillance, prevention, workforce, and disease burden; and conclusions are provided.


      Details

      South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Division of Oral Health. 2014. South Carolina surveillance plan: State-based oral disease prevention program. Columbia, SC: South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Division of Oral Health, 27 pp.

      South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Division of Oral Health
      2600 Bull Street
      Columbia, SC 29201

      Telephone: (803) 898-3432
      Website: https://www.scdhec.gov
      Available from the website.

      This purpose of this document is to provide an integrated state-specific system to monitor oral disease and risk factors, to describe the burden of oral disease in South Carolina, and to support program planning and policy development. Topics include goals and objectives of the surveillance plan; logic model; stakeholders; key oral health indicators under surveillance; databases; the data collection process, target population, and timeline; workforce data analysis; the target audience and methods for data dissemination; and conclusion.


      Details

      Cornwell DA, McTigue NE, Hayes S. 2015. State of the science: Community water fluoridation. Denver, CO: Water Research Foundation, 48 pp.

      Water Research Foundation
      6666 West Quincy Avenue
      Denver, CO 80235-3098

      Telephone: (303) 347-6100
      Fax: (303) 730-0851
      E-mail: info@WaterRF.org
      Website: http://www.WaterRF.org
      Available from the website.

      This report assesses the practice of community water fluoridation (CWF). It describes the history and science of CWF and examines positions for and against CWF. The report also includes case studies of fluoridation practices and policies in six cities (Dallas, TX; Phoenix, AZ; Portland, OR; Albuquerque, NM; Milwaukee, WI; Fort Collins, CO).


      Details

      Mississippi State Department of Health. 2010. State Oral Health Program. [Jackson, MS]: Mississippi State Department of Health, 2 pp.

      Mississippi State Department of Health, Division of Dental Services
      Box 1700
      Jackson, MS 39215-1700

      Telephone: (601) 576-7500
      Secondary Telephone: (866) 458-4948
      Fax: (601) 576-8190
      Website: http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/41,0,151.html
      Available from the website.

      This document describes the purpose, goals, and accomplishments of a program to protect and promote the oral health of all Mississippians. Topics include the oral health status of children including children enrolled in Head Start, adults, and pregnant women; planning, policy development, and collaboration among individuals and communities; and population-based oral health services such as community water fluoridation, fluoride varnish programs, oral health education, school-based dental sealant programs, safety-net services, and emergency preparedness.


      Details

      Children's Dental Health Project. 2014. State standards for community water fluoridation: What state laws and regulations require. Washington, DC: Children's Dental Health Project, 5 pp, (Policy brief).

      Children's Dental Health Project
      1020 19th Street, N.W., Suite 400
      Washington, DC 20036

      Telephone: (202) 833-8288
      Fax: (202) 331-1432
      E-mail: info@cdhp.org
      Website: https://www.cdhp.org
      Available from the website.

      This policy brief discusses federal guidance on the optimal fluoride level that public water systems should use to fluoridate drinking water and state statutes or regulations requiring community water systems to fluoridate drinking water to a specific concentration or range. Contents include information about state-designated fluoride levels and states likely to change existing statutes or regulatory codes to reflect the federal recommendation.


      Details

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of the Associate Director for Policy. 2016. State strategies to improve health and control cost within 5 years. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 p.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      1600 Clifton Road
      Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

      Telephone: (800) 232-4636
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
      E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
      Website: http://www.cdc.gov
      Available from the website.

      This fact sheet describes state strategies for improving population health and controlling costs. Topics include asthma control; tobacco control; and prevention of tooth decay through fluoride varnish, dental sealants, and community water fluoridation.


      Details

      U.S. Office of the Surgeon General. 2004. Statement on community water fluoridation. Rockville, MD: U.S. Office of the Surgeon General, 1 p.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
      1600 Clifton Road
      Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

      Telephone: (800) 232-4636
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
      E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
      Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
      Available from the website.

      This statement offers an endorsement of community water fluoridation. It presents information on the history and benefits of community water fluoridation in the United States, including research findings, brief statistics, and economic analysis. The continuing role of public health in enhancing the oral heath of all Americans is also discussed.


      Details

      Weno K. 2015. Statement on the evidence supporting the safety and effectiveness of community water fluoridation. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3 pp.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      1600 Clifton Road
      Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

      Telephone: (800) 232-4636
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
      E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
      Website: http://www.cdc.gov
      Available from the website.

      This statement focuses on the safety and benefits of community water fluoridation (CWF). Contents include evidence showing that CWF programs are an effective, cost-saving, and safe intervention for preventing tooth decay and promoting oral health across the lifespan. The effectiveness of CWF compared with other methods of fluoride delivery is discussed, along with the return on investment of CWF, both for families and for the health care system as a whole. Risks that may accompany CWF are addressed.


      Details

      Kearney B. 2014. Strategic plan for oral health in Oregon: 2014–2020. Wilsonville, OR: Oregon Oral Health Coalition; Portland, OR: Oregon Health Authority and Oral Health Funders Collaborative, 38 pp.

      Oregon Oral Health Coalition
      P.O. Box 3132
      Wilsonville, OR 97070

      Telephone: (971) 224-3018
      Fax: (971) 224-1323
      Website: http://www.orohc.org
      Available from the website.

      This document outlines a plan for implementing cost-effective strategies to improve oral health while reducing disparities in access and quality in Oregon. The plan includes three priority areas: infrastructure, prevention and systems of care, and work force capacity. Contents include information about the burden of oral disease; the need for a strategic plan; and objectives, strategies, and outcome measures for each priority area.


      Details

      [American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health]. 2014. [Template letter to patients about community water fluoridation]. [Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health], 1 p.

      American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
      345 Park Boulevard
      Itasca, IL 60143

      Telephone: (847) 434-4000
      Fax: (847) 434-8000
      E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
      Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
      Available from the website.

      This letter for pediatricians and other child health professionals and caregivers to share with clients provides information and resources about the role of community water fluoridation (CWF) in preventing tooth decay Contents include facts about fluoride and fluoride safety, as well as links to federal agency and professional organization websites and other CWF resources.


      Details

      Mispireta ML, Fore ME, Piland NF, Kelchner C. 2014. The burden of oral disease in Idaho 2014. Poscatello, ID: Idaho State University, 52 pp plus appendix.

      Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Oral Health Program
      P.O. Box 83720 450 West State Street
      Boise, ID 83720-0036

      Telephone: (800) 926-2588
      Website: http://www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/portal/alias__Rainbow/lang__en-US/tabID__3494/DesktopDefault.aspx
      Available from the website.

      This report presents data on the oral health status of residents in Idaho. It compares Idaho oral health indicators with Healthy People 2020 objective targets and describes trends for these indicators over the past years. The report also identifies oral health conditions in selected populations, provides an update on the use of professional oral health care services, describes programs and organizations with a focus on oral health in Idaho, and suggests potential partnerships to improve oral health care outcomes throughout the state.


      Details

      Kabore HJ, Smith C, Bernal J, Parker D, Csukas S, Chapple-McGruder T. 2014. The burden of oral health in Georgia. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Department of Public Health, Oral Health Program, 54 pp.

      Georgia Department of Public Health, Oral Health Program
      Two Peachtree Street, N.W., 11th Floor
      Atlanta, GA 30303-3186

      Telephone: (404) 657-2850
      Website: https://dph.georgia.gov/oral-health-program
      Available from the website.

      This document presents information about the magnitude of oral diseases in Georgia and the state's response to the burden of oral health. Contents include background, demographics of Georgia, national and state oral health objectives, disease burden by age; oral health disparities by race and ethnicity, disability status, and socioeconomic status; access to oral health care; provider work force and distribution; protective and risk factors affecting oral diseases; and state dental public health services.


      Details

      Minnesota Department of Health, Oral Health Program. 2013. The status of oral health in Minnesota. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health, 44 pp.

      Minnesota Department of Health
      P.O. Box 64975
      St. Paul, MN 55164-0975

      Telephone: (651) 201-5000
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 345-0823
      Website: http://www.health.state.mn.us
      Available from the website.

      This report presents information about the burden of oral disease in Minnesota. Topics include oral disease morbidity and mortality (oral and pharyngeal cancer), risk factors and high-risk groups, preventive strategies such as dental sealants and community water fluoridation, access to oral health care, and work force supply and distribution. The report compares state and national data with Healthy People 2020 objectives.


      Details

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1999. The top ten public health achievements in the 20th century. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 11 items.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      1600 Clifton Road
      Atlanta, GA 30329-4027

      Telephone: (800) 232-4636
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
      E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
      Website: http://www.cdc.gov
      Available from the website.

      This resource features a series of reports published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports between April and December 1999 on 10 public health achievements, reflecting the successful response of public health to the major causes of morbidity and mortality for the period 1900-1999. Topics include vaccination, motor-vehicle safety, workplace safety, control of infectious diseases, decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke, safer and healthier foods, healthier mothers and babies, family planning, fluoridation of drinking water, and tobacco as a health hazard. Critical changes in the U.S. public health system during the century are also addressed.


      Details

      Kent H. 2011. Toolkit for promoting maternal and child oral health in Colorado communities. Denver, CO: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Oral Health Unit, 38 pp.

      Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Oral Health Unit
      4300 Cherry Creek Drive, South
      Denver, CO 80246

      Telephone: (303) 692-2000
      Secondary Telephone: (800) 886-7689
      E-mail: cdphe.information@state.co.us
      Website: https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/categories/services-and-information/health/prevention-and-wellness/oral-health
      Available from the website.

      This toolkit, a companion document to the Colorado Healthy Community Standards, Oral Health, provides information and resources for Early Childhood Councils, educators, and others working to improve the oral health of young children in Colorado. Contents include background information, suggestions for action, and resources for achieving community oral heath goals. Topics include the dental home, community water fluoridation, oral health education, work force, evidence-based interventions, and community needs assessment. Statistics and information on preventing dental caries and promoting oral health in children are included.


      Details

      National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. n.d. Topics. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, multiple items.

      National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
      National Institutes of Health Bethesda, MD 20892

      Telephone: (866) 232-4528
      E-mail: nidcrinfo@mail.nih.gov
      Website: https://www.nidcr.nih.gov
      Available from the website.

      This resource provides information for professionals and consumers on various oral health topics, including burning mouth syndrome, cancer treatment and oral health, cleft lip and palate, developmental disabilities and oral health, diabetes and oral health, dry mouth (xerostomia), fillings (amalgams), fluoride, genetics, gum (periodontal) diseases, heart disease and oral health, HIV/AIDS, oral cancer, organ transplantation and oral health, oral and facial pain, pregnancy and oral health, saliva and salivary gland disorders, dental sealants, Sjögren's Syndrome, spit (smokeless) tobacco, taste disorders, temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, and tooth decay (dental caries).


      Details

      U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Federal Panel on Community Water Fluoridation. 2015. U.S. Public Health Service recommendation for fluoride concentration in drinking water for the prevention of dental caries. Public Health Reports 130(4):1–14.

      National Library of Medicine
      U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 8600 Rockville Pike
      Bethesda, MD 20894

      Telephone: (301) 594-5983
      Secondary Telephone: (888) 346-3656
      Fax: (301) 402-1384
      E-mail: custserv@nlm.nih.gov
      Website: http://www.nlm.nih.gov
      Available from the website.

      This report describes recommended U.S. standards related to community water fluoridation. Contents include the rationale, the process, public comments, implementation, and conclusions. The recommendations are based on scientific evidence about the effectiveness of community water fluoridation in the prevention and control of dental caries, fluoride in drinking water as one of several available fluoride sources, trends in the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis, and evidence on fluid intake of children across various outdoor air temperatures.


      Details

      Easley MW. 2005. Vermont consumers' guide to community water fluoridation: A question and answer guide for citizens, public officials, and the media. Burlington, VT: Vermont Department of Health, 30 pp.

      Vermont Department of Health, Office of Oral Health
      108 Cherry Street
      Burlington, VT 05402

      Telephone: (802) 863-7497
      Secondary Telephone: (800) 464-4343
      Fax: (802) 865-7554
      Website: http://healthvermont.gov/family/dental/services.aspx
      Available from the website.

      This guide describes the value of community water fluoridation. Selected topics include what community fluoridation is and and why it is important, community water fluoridation throughout the United States, the benefits and cost savings of fluoridation, and opposition to fluoridation. Appendices include a list of national and international organizations that recognize the public health benefits of community water fluoridation for preventing dental decay, a bibliography, and a list of selected websites.


      Details

      Vermont Department of Health. 2012. Vermont's guide to fluoride levels in public water systems [rev.]. Burlington, VT: Vermont Department of Health, Office of Oral Health, 21 pp.

      Vermont Department of Health, Office of Oral Health
      108 Cherry Street
      Burlington, VT 05402

      Telephone: (802) 863-7497
      Secondary Telephone: (800) 464-4343
      Fax: (802) 865-7554
      Website: http://healthvermont.gov/family/dental/services.aspx
      Available from the website.

      This guide is designed to help health professionals make decisions about the need for prescribing fluoride supplements for infants, children, and adolescents from birth to age 16. Contents include public water systems listed by town and level of fluoridation, a dietary-fluoride-supplement schedule, health professional responsibilities, and an order form for testing fluoride in well water for families with infants and children under age 4.


      Details

      Hendryx M, Weiner C, Gurka M. 2011. Water fluoridation and dental health indicators in rural and urban areas of the United States: Final report. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia Rural Health Research Center, 14 pp.

      West Virginia Rural Health Research Center
      West Virginia University P.O. Box 9190
      Morgantown, WV 26506-9190

      Telephone: (304) 293-7607
      Fax: (304) 293-6685
      Website: http://publichealth.hsc.wvu.edu/wvrhrc
      Available from the website.

      This report examines the availability of fluoridated water across urban-rural settings and relates measures of fluoride availability to national survey measures of oral health in adults and children. Contents include the study background, methodology, results, and conclusions. Policy recommendations are provided.


      Details

      Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2015. Water fluoridation and your health. [Reno, NV]: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 1 video (7 min).

      Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
      3858 Cashill Boulevard
      Reno, NV 89509

      Telephone: (775) 626-5008
      Fax: (775) 626-9268
      E-mail: info@astdd.org
      Website: http://www.astdd.org
      Available from the website.

      This video provides information about the value and safety of community water fluoridation (CWF). Topics include research on fluoridation, what fluoride is, locating reputable sources of information about CWF, the relationship between oral health and overall health, the impact of oral health on learning, fluoride and tooth decay in children, brushing with fluoridated toothpaste, the cost-effectiveness of CWF, and recommendations for CWF.


      Details

      Michigan Oral Health Coalition. 2012. Water fluoridation: A community toolkit. Lansing, MI: Michigan Oral Health Coalition, 40 pp.

      Michigan Oral Health Coalition
      106 W. Allegan Street, Suite 310
      Lansing, MI 48933

      Telephone: (517) 827-0466
      Fax: (517) 381-8008
      Website: http://www.mohc.org
      Available from the website.

      This document provides information about the health benefits and cost savings of community water fluoridation (CWF), and resources for outreach in Michigan. Contents include myths and facts about CWF; a map showing the percentage of people served by CWF systems by county; statements from the state health department and Surgeon General about CWF; a business perspective on CWF; quotations from national organizations, other state agencies, and professional associations about CWF; answers to frequently asked questions about CWF and about infants and fluoridated water; and contact information for subject matter experts and media outlets in Michigan.


      Details

      Network for Public Health Law. 2015. Water fluoridation: Issue brief. St. Paul, MN: Network for Public Health Law, 9 pp.

      Network for Public Health Law
      875 Summit Avenue
      St. Paul, MN 55105

      Telephone: (651) 695-7749
      Fax: (651) 695-7749
      Website: https://www.networkforphl.org
      Available from the website.

      This brief describes the water-fluoridation process, the public health impact of water fluoridation, and the legal framework governing water fluoridation. Topics include the complementary roles that federal, state, and local governments play in implementing water fluoridation.


      Details

      American Academy of Pediatrics. 2019. Ways to prevent tooth decay in babies, toddlers, and preschoolers. Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, 2 pp.

      American Academy of Pediatrics
      345 Park Boulevard
      Itasca, IL 60143

      Telephone: (630) 626-6000
      Secondary Telephone: (847) 434-4000
      Fax: (847) 434-8000
      Website: https://www.aap.org
      Available from the website.

      This tip sheet for parents provides information about preventing tooth decay in infants and young children. It offers information about the percentage of infants and children under age 5 who have had cavities, by race. Information about the benefits of drinking fluoridated water, avoiding drinks that contain sugar, and eating healthy foods is included.


      Details

      American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health and National Network for Oral Health Access. 2014. Why do children need fluoride?. [Elk Grove Village, IL]: American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health, 1 poster.

      American Academy of Pediatrics, Campaign for Dental Health
      345 Park Boulevard
      Itasca, IL 60143

      Telephone: (847) 434-4000
      Fax: (847) 434-8000
      E-mail: fluoride@aap.org
      Website: http://www.ilikemyteeth.org
      Available from the website.

      This poster explains how tooth decay develops in children and the role of fluoride in protecting their teeth from decay. Additional topics include the importance of drinking fluoridated water, toothbrushing with the right amount of fluoridated toothpaste, and talking to a dentist or doctor about fluoride treatments. The poster is available in English and Spanish.


      Details

      American Dental Association. 2016. Why fluoride in your tap water is a good thing. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 1 video (2 min, 59 sec).

      American Dental Association
      211 East Chicago Avenue
      Chicago, IL 60611-2678

      Telephone: (312) 440-2500
      Fax: (312) 440-7494
      E-mail: info@ada.org
      Website: http://www.ada.org
      Available from the website.

      This video explains why adding fluoride to community water systems is safe and effective at preventing tooth decay. The video features commentary from oral health professionals and pediatric health professionals about the value of community water fluoridation for children and adults.


      Details

      Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Oral Health Program. 2014. Wisconsin public water supply fluoridation census 2013. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Oral Health Program, 29 pp.

      Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Oral Health Program
      Division of Public Health P.O. Box 2659
      Madison, WI 53701-2659

      Fax: (608) 266-3483
      Website: https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/oral-health/index.htm
      Available from the website.

      This document provides information on the fluoride status of public water systems in Wisconsin. Topics include the benefits of fluoridation, the percentage of the population in Wisconsin on public water supplies who receive the benefits of appropriate levels of fluoride, the percentage of the total population receiving the benefits of appropriate levels of fluoride, and the number of systems in Wisconsin that adjust the level of fluoride for optimal benefits. The document also lists Wisconsin public water supplies that are adjusted for optimal fluoride content, those with natural fluoride content at or above 0.6 ppm and above, and those that do not have adequate fluoride in the water to protect adults or children from tooth decay.

           

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