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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
Module 6: Oral Injury
Module Contents
6.1 Injury Prevention
Anticipatory Guidance
6.2 Child Abuse and Neglect
6.3 Injury Types and Consequences
Injury Types
Injury Consequences
6.4 Managing Oral Injuries
Avulsed Teeth
Key Points (current page)
Additional Resources

Key Points

  • Injuries to the head, face, and mouth are common among infants and young children.

  • Although it is inevitable that some injuries will occur, education and early intervention efforts can prevent or reduce the incidence and seriousness of oral injuries during infancy and early childhood.

  • Dental trauma may be an important marker for child abuse because craniofacial, head, face, and neck injuries occur in more than half of the cases of child abuse.[4]

  • Health professionals must report suspected child abuse and neglect.

  • In infants and young children, the teeth most often affected by oral injury are the upper front primary teeth.

  • All oral injuries should be assessed as soon as possible after they occur to document initial findings; arrange for emergency treatment if needed; and schedule follow-up with a dentist.

  • No attempt should be made to reinsert an avulsed primary tooth.

  • An avulsed permanent tooth should be reinserted immediately or as soon as possible.[1]
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