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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
Module 3: Oral Conditions and Abnormalities
Module Contents
Overview
3.1 Recognizing Healthy Teeth, Soft Tissues, and Facial Bones
3.2 Healthy Teeth
3.3 Healthy Soft Tissues
Lips, Tongue, and
Oral Mucosa
Frena & Gingiva
Palate
Major Salivary Glands
3.4 Healthy Facial Bones
3.5 Tooth Conditions and Abnormalities
Dental Caries
Untreated Tooth Decay
Hyperdontia
Hypodontia & Anodontia
Hypoplasia
Fluorosis
Hypocalcification
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Enamel Coloration
3.6 Soft Tissue Conditions and Abnormalities
Infections
Epithelial Cysts
Congenital Epulis
Natal or Neonatal Teeth
Eruption Cysts
Ankylogossia
Mucocele
Fibroma & Papilloma
Ulcers
Key Points (current page)
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources



Key Points
  • To identify conditions or abnormalities in an infant’s or child’s mouth, it is important for the health professional to be able to recognize healthy teeth, soft tissues, and facial bones.

  • Dental caries (the disease process leading to tooth decay) is a transmissible oral infection.

  • Tooth decay that is not treated will progress through the enamel and into the dentin.

  • Tooth conditions and abnormalities require referral to a dentist for further assessment and possible intervention.

  • Viral, bacterial, or fungal infections can affect the soft tissues in the mouths of infants and young children.
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logo: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau