skip over navigation links
Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
Module 3: Oral Conditions and Abnormalities
Module Contents
3.1 Recognizing Healthy Teeth, Soft Tissues, and Facial Bones
3.2 Healthy Teeth
3.3 Healthy Soft Tissues
Lips, Tongue, and
Oral Mucosa
Frena & Gingiva
Major Salivary Glands
3.4 Healthy Facial Bones
3.5 Tooth Conditions and Abnormalities
Dental Caries
Untreated Tooth Decay
Hypodontia & Anodontia
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Enamel Coloration
3.6 Soft Tissue Conditions and Abnormalities
Epithelial Cysts
Congenital Epulis
Natal or Neonatal Teeth
Eruption Cysts
Fibroma & Papilloma
Key Points
Post-Test (current page)
Additional Resources

No Credit Self-Assessment

This Post-Test is for self-assessment only.
No credit or certificate will be awarded.
Registration is not required.


1. How should a child's primary teeth appear?
a) white and opaque
b) straight
c) cream colored and translucent
d) smooth and bright
2. How should an infant's or young child's healthy lips and tongue appear?
a) soft, pink, and moist
b) smooth and free of bumps
c) appearance depends on skin color
d) dry and warm
3. How should a child's healthy facial bones usually appear?
a) hard and strong
b) soft
c) symmetrical
d) each child's facial bones appear different
4. Which of the following is NOT a risk factor associated with early childhood caries?
a) frequent and prolonged exposure to liquids containing carbohydrates
b) frequent and prolonged breastfeeding
c) frequent snacking on foods containing protein
d) frequent snacking on foods containing carbohydrates
5. What typically happens when tooth decay is not treated?
a) the tooth will fall out
b) decay will proceed through the enamel and into the dentin
c) depends on the extent of decay
d) decay will enter the bloodstream
6. What is dental hypoplasia?
a) insufficient and/or irregular quantity of enamel
b) insufficient teeth (missing teeth)
c) defective functioning of the salivary glands
d) incomplete development of the palate
7. What causes fluorosis?
a) severe tooth decay
b) swallowing excessive quantities of fluoride
c) drinking fluoridated water
d) certain medications
What can cause extrinsic coloration?
a) multi-vitamin supplements
b) liquid iron supplements
c) fluoride supplements
d) calcium supplements
How does candidiasis appear?
a) as small bluish lesions on the lips and mucosa
b) as opaque, white spots on the enamel
c) as a soft white plaque coating the mucosa and palate
d) as a raised lesion surrounded by a red halo


previous pagenext page
logo: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau