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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
Module 3: Oral Conditions and Abnormalities
Module Contents
Overview
3.1 Recognizing Healthy Teeth, Soft Tissues, and Facial Bones
3.2 Healthy Teeth
3.3 Healthy Soft Tissues
Lips, Tongue, and
Oral Mucosa
Frena & Gingiva
Palate (current page)
Major Salivary Glands
3.4 Healthy Facial Bones
3.5 Tooth Conditions and Abnormalities
Dental Caries
Untreated Tooth Decay
Hyperdontia
Hypodontia & Anodontia
Hypoplasia
Fluorosis
Hypocalcification
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Enamel Coloration
3.6 Soft Tissue Conditions and Abnormalities
Infections
Epithelial Cysts
Congenital Epulis
Natal or Neonatal Teeth
Eruption Cysts
Ankylogossia
Mucocele
Fibroma & Papilloma
Ulcers
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources



3.3 Healthy Soft Tissues, continued

Palate

    photo of healthy palate
  Fig 6. Healthy Palate

To observe the palate (Figure 6), the health professional must gently bend the infant’s or child’s head back. Directing the light onto the surface of the palate, the health professional should observe pink, moist surfaces. Toward the anterior teeth, rows of tissue varying in height will be present. About two-thirds of the way back on the palate will be an area dividing the soft palate from the hard palate. The tissue should be pink, smooth, and soft. The soft, fleshy mass that hangs from the rear of the soft palate is the uvula. If the uvula is “Y” shaped, it is called a bifid uvula.

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