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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
Module 3: Oral Conditions and Abnormalities
Module Contents
Overview (current page)
3.1 Recognizing Healthy Teeth, Soft Tissues, and Facial Bones
3.2 Healthy Teeth
3.3 Healthy Soft Tissues
Lips, Tongue, and
Oral Mucosa
Frena & Gingiva
Major Salivary Glands
3.4 Healthy Facial Bones
3.5 Tooth Conditions and Abnormalities
Dental Caries
Untreated Tooth Decay
Hypodontia & Anodontia
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Enamel Coloration
3.6 Soft Tissue Conditions and Abnormalities
Epithelial Cysts
Congenital Epulis
Natal or Neonatal Teeth
Eruption Cysts
Fibroma & Papilloma
Key Points
Additional Resources


An infant or child’s oral health status can provide the health professional with a great deal of information about that infant’s or child’s overall health. An oral screening can reveal signs of oral habits or nutritional status and signs and symptoms of disease or trauma. (See Module 2, section 2.3.)

Module 3 describes some of the most common oral conditions and abnormalities the health professional may encounter while performing an oral screening of an infant or young child. Throughout, guidance is provided to help the health professional understand treatment options and determine whether an infant or child should be referred to a dentist for further assessment and possible intervention. More information about oral conditions and abnormalities associated with specific special health care needs is available in module 7.


Learning Objectives

Describe the appearance of healthy teeth, soft tissues, and facial bones.


Describe some common tooth conditions and abnormalities.


Describe some common oral soft tissue conditions and abnormalities.


Explain what to do if you encounter an infant or child with an oral condition or abnormality.

Time to Complete this Lesson Module: Approximately 25 minutes
Begin Module 3

logo: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau