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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
Module 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral Health
Module Contents
2.1 Oral Development

Tooth Eruption and Loss
2.2 Risk Assessment

During & After Pregnancy
During Infancy
During Early Childhood
2.3 Oral Screening
2.4 Behavior Management
2.5 Oral Examination
2.6 Anticipatory Guidance

For Pregnant Women,
New Mothers, or Other Intimate Caregivers
For Parents of Infants

For Parents of
Young Children

2.7 The Dental Home
Key Points
Post-Test (current page)
Additional Resources

No Credit Self-Assessment

This Post-Test is for self-assessment only.
No credit or certificate will be awarded.
Registration is not required.


1. Dental caries is
a) a type of gum disease
b) a bacterial infection of the tooth structure
c) the same as cavities
d) a viral infection
2. What should health professionals do if they encounter a young child whose teeth have not erupted within 6 months of the schedule?
a) refer the child to a dentist for further assessment and possible intervention
b) schedule the child to return in 6 months
c) assess the child’s emotional status
d) provide parents with anticipatory guidance about injury prevention
3. When does primary tooth eruption typically begin?
a) around 3 months
b) around 6 months
c) around 9 months
d) around 12 months
4. Which of the following is NOT recommended to reduce teething discomfort?
a) giving the infant or child a clean teething ring
b) giving the infant or child a cool spoon or cold wet washcloth
c) rubbing the infant’s or child’s gums
d) giving the infant or child ice cubes to suck
5. Why is the oral screening important?
a) it helps the health professional determine whether signs of oral disease are present
b) it helps infants and young children become comfortable with having their mouths examined
c) it helps the health professional become familiar with different manifestations of oral disease
d) all of the above
6. How should an infant or child under age 30 months be positioned during the oral screening?
a) on the parent’s lap
b) lying supine on an examination table
c) in a dental chair
d) in a “cradle” created by a health professional and the parent
7. When should the first oral health examination performed by a dentist take place?
a) when the child is developmentally ready
b) no later than age 1
c) no later than age 3
d) when the child can sit without support
How often should children receive oral examinations performed by a dentist?
a) every 2 years
b) every year
c) every 6 months
d) it depends on the child’s age
What is anticipatory guidance?
a) information for parents about what to expect during their child’s dental office visit
b) information for parents about oral hygiene
c) information to help parents understand what to expect during their child’s oral development
d) all of the above
10. What is a dental home?
a) a place in the home where toothbrushes and toothpaste are kept
b) a home-based oral health program
c) a record of a child’s oral health
d) an accessible, continuous, comprehensive, family centered, coordinated, compassionate, and culturally effective source of oral health care


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logo: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau