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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
Module 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral Health
Module Contents
2.1 Oral Development

Tooth Eruption and Loss
2.2 Interview and Risk Assessment

During & After Pregnancy
During Infancy
During Early Childhood (current page)
2.3 Oral Screening
2.4 Behavior Management
2.5 Oral Examination
2.6 Anticipatory Guidance

For Pregnant Women,
New Mothers, or Other Intimate Caregivers
For Parents of Infants

For Parents of
Young Children

2.7 The Dental Home
Key Points
Additional Resources

2.2 Interview and Risk Assessment, continued

Interview and Risk Assessment During Early Childhood

Interview questions to ask parents of young children:

  • Are you brushing your daughter’s teeth? How has this been going?

  • Are you using fluoridated toothpaste on your son’s teeth (for children ages 2 and older)?

  • Have your other children had any dental problems? Have you had any problems with your own teeth?

  • Does your son drink from a cup? Does he drink from a bottle?

  • How often does your daughter snack? What does she usually eat for a snack?

  • Does your son use a pacifier? Does he suck his thumb or finger?

  • Do you take your daughter for regular dental checkups? How often?


Physicians and other non-oral-health professionals may also refer to the caries-risk assessment form developed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry to help classify tooth decay risk in infants and children on the basis of biological, protective, and clinical findings.[3]

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logo: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau