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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp
 

Glossary

alveolar ridges: the part of the jaw where the teeth arise

avulsed: lost

bruxism: habitual grinding of teeth

cellulitis: a spreading inflammation of subcutaneous or connective tissues

commisures: sites of union of corresponding parts

crown: top part

dental caries: the disease process leading to tooth decay

dentin: the layer of tooth with sensory innervations

enamel hypocalcification: a condition in which the enamel is normal but the enamel quality is poor

fistula: an abnormal passage leading from an abscess or hollow organ to the body surface or from one hollow organ to another and permitting passage of fluids or secretions

fluorosis: hypomineralization of the enamel

gingiva: gums

halitosis: bad breath

hyperdontia: excess teeth

hypoplasia: insufficient and/or irregular quantity of enamel

malocclusion: improper alignment of the jaws and teeth

natal: at birth

neonatal: after birth

occlusion: “bite,” or the way teeth fit together when the jaws are closed

paresthesia: a sensation of pricking, tingling, or creeping

pedunculated: attached by a stalk-like base

sessile: fixed

subepithelial: below the surface

supernumerary: extra

tooth eruption: teething

xerostomia: dry mouth

 

logo: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau