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Maternal and Child Health Bureau logoA Health Professionals Guide to Pediatric Oral Health Management
HomeModuleModule 1: An Introduction to Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 2: Managing Infants' and Young Children's Oral HealthModule 3: Oral Conditions and AbnormalitiesModule 4: Prevention of Oral DiseaseModule 5: Non-Nutritive Sucking HabitsModule 6: Oral InjuryModule 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care NeedsContentsGlossaryEvaluationHelp

Table of Contents

Module 1: An Introduction to Infants’ and Young Children’s Oral Health
Overview
1.1 The Health Professional’s Role in Promoting Oral Health
1.2 Trends in Oral Health
        Access to Care
        Tooth Decay
        Untreated Tooth Decay
        Fluoride
        Malocclusion
        Injury and Violence
        Children with Special Health Care Needs
1.3 Oral Health, General Health, and Well-Being
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources

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Module 2: Managing Infants’ and Young Children’s Oral Health
Overview
2.1 Oral Development
        Tooth Eruption and Loss
        Teething
        Malocclusion
2.2 Interview and Risk Assessment
        During and After Pregnancy
        During Infancy
        During Early Childhood
2.3 Oral Screening
2.4 Behavior Management
2.5 Oral Examination
2.6 Anticipatory Guidance
        For Pregnant Women, New Mothers, or Other Intimate Caregivers
        For Parents of Infants
        For Parents of Young Children
2.7 The Dental Home
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources

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Module 3: Oral Conditions and Abnormalities
Overview
3.1 Recognizing Healthy Teeth, Soft Tissues, and Facial Bones
3.2 Healthy Teeth
3.3 Healthy Soft Tissues
        Lips, Tongue and Oral Mucosa
        Frena and Gingiva
        Palate
        Major Salivary Glands
3.4 Healthy Facial Bones
3.5 Tooth Conditions and Abnormalities
        Dental Caries
        Untreated Tooth Decay
        Hyperdontia
        Hypodontia and Anodontia
        Hypoplasia
        Fluorosis
        Hypocalcification
        Amelogenesis Imperfecta
        Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
        Extrinsic and Intrinsic Enamel Coloration
3.6 Soft Tissue Conditions and Abnormalities
        Infections
        Epithelial Cysts
        Congenital Epulis
        Natal or Neonatal Teeth
        Eruption Cysts
        Ankylogossia
        Mucocele
        Fibroma & Papilloma
        Ulcers
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources

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Module 4: Prevention of Oral Disease
Overview
4.1 Oral Hygiene
4.2 Fluoride
        Systemic Fluoride
        Topical Fluoride
4.3 Nutrition
        The Role of Food in Oral Health
        Anticipatory Guidance:
          For Pregnant Women, New Mothers, or Other Intimate Caregivers
          For Parents of Infants
          For Parents of Young Children
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources

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Module 5: Non-nutritive Sucking Habits
Overview
5.1 Sucking — A Normal, Healthy Reflex
5.2 Childhood Patterns of Non-nutritive Sucking
5.3 Choosing a Pacifier
5.4 Effects of Non-nutritive Sucking Habits
5.5 Interventions for Non-nutritive Sucking Habits
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources

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Module 6: Oral Injury
Overview
6.1 Injury Prevention
        Anticipatory Guidance
6.2 Child Abuse and Neglect
6.3 Injury Types and Consequences
        Injury Types
        Injury Consequences
6.4 Managing Oral Injuries
        Avulsed Teeth
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources

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Module 7: Infants and Young Children with Special Health Care Needs
Overview
7.1 Children with Special Health Care Needs
7.2 Oral Health Status
7.3 Oral Conditions
        Oral Development
        Oral Trauma
        Bruxism
        Oral Infections
        Gingival Overgrowth
7.4 Interview and Risk Assessment
        Interview
        Risk Assessment
7.5 Oral Screening
7.6 Anticipatory Guidance
7.7 Dental Visits
7.8 The Dental Home
Key Points
Post-Test
References
Additional Resources

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