Module 1: Introduction
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Please Note: This curriculum was developed prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and may not reflect current guidance for materials, procedures, and infection control.

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1.0 Introduction


This module provides a description and history of school-based dental sealant programs in the United States and in Ohio, discusses the rationale and evidence for these programs, and reviews the underlying principles of programs funded by the Ohio Department of Health (ODH).

Learning Objectives

  • Explain what dental sealants are, and discuss their purpose.
  • Describe the characteristics of most children served by school-based dental sealant programs.
  • Explain the difference between school-based programs and dental homes.
  • List two types of risk factors that place children at higher risk for dental caries.
  • Explain the importance of systematic reviews of the evidence on sealant effectiveness as it relates to school-based programs.
  • List three elements of ODH’s approach as it relates to school-based programs.
  • Explain why dental sealant eligibility in Ohio is not limited to children eligible for the Free and Reduced Price Meals program (FRPM)a or Medicaid or who are uninsured.

Time Needed to Complete This Module

Approximately 25 minutes

a. Throughout this module, “Free and Reduced Price Meals program” refers to the National School Lunch Program, a federally assisted meal program operating in public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutions. It provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost, or free lunches to children each school day.