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American Dental Association. 2001. 1999 survey of career patterns: A comparison of dentists by gender and age group (rev. ed.). Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 64 pp, (Survey of current issues in dentistry series).

National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
Georgetown University Box 571272
Washington, DC 20057-1272

Telephone: (202) 784-9771
Fax: (202) 784-9777
E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
Available for loan. Document Number: ISBN 0-910074-96-8.

This report presents selected highlights of data from a1999 survey studying various aspects of individual dentists' career progression and characteristics of the dentists' practice. Where possible, the report makes comparisons between male and female dentists and between dentists under age 40 and ages 40 and over, and by gender within age groups. The appendices provide the survey methodology, supplemental tables, a glossary, and the survey instrument. Extensive tables and figures provide statistical data.

    Keywords: Oral health, Dentistry, Dentists, Surveys, Careers, Age factors, Sex characteristics, Statistical data, Work force

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    Vermont Department of Health. 2004. 2003 dentist survey: Statistical report. [Burlington, VT]: Vermont Department of Health, 52 pp.

    Vermont Department of Health
    P.O. Box 70 108 Cherry Street
    Burlington, VT 05402

    Telephone: (802) 863-7606
    Secondary Telephone: (800) 464-4343
    Fax: (802) 865-7701
    Website: http://www.healthvermont.gov
    Available from the website.

    This report presents detailed profiles of dentists practicing in Vermont from a survey taken in October 2003. Topics include Vermont dentists' demographic characteristics, distribution of full time equivalents, training and education, and practice characteristics. The first survey of dentists was conducted in 1999 and is updated every two years. The report includes dentists who renewed their license as of the end of October, 2003 and compares data between 2001 and 2003. Detailed notes and definitions, and a copy of the survey are included in the appendices. Survey statistics are presented in tables throughout the report.

    Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, State surveys, Vermont, Questionnaires, Needs assessment, Statistical data

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    Connecticut Oral Health Initiative. 2009. 2007-2012 oral health improvement plan for Connecticut strategies and objectives (rev. ed.). Hartford, CT: Connecticut Oral Health Initiative, 11 pp.

    Connecticut Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health
    P.O. Box 340308
    Hartford, CT 06134-0308

    Telephone: (860) 509-7382
    Fax: (860) 509-7853
    E-mail: linda.ferraro@ct.gov
    Website: http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3125&q=388844&dphNav_GID=1601
    Available from the website.

    This report summarizes a plan to improve the oral health of Connecticut residents and lists specific outcomes in four goal areas: (1) to increase the integration of oral health promotion into all aspects of public health, (2) to ensure that there is an adequate work force to meet the needs of Connecticut residents, (3) to build a strong and sustainable oral health infrastructure, and (4) to advance best practices for oral health. Members of the Connecticut Coalition for an Oral Health Plan are listed, along with sponsors and contact information.

    Keywords: Oral health, Children, Statewide planning, Access to health care, Advocacy, Coalitions, Public health education, State initiatives, Strategic plans, Public health dentistry, Work force, Public health infrastructure, Model programs, Connecticut,

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    American Dental Association, Health Policy Resources Center. 2009. 2009 American Dental Association dental workforce model: 2007-2030. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, (Dental health policy analysis series).

    American Dental Association, Online Catalog
    211 East Chicago Ave.
    Chicago, IL 60611-2678

    Telephone: (800) 947-4746
    Fax: (312) 440-3542
    Website: http://catalog.ada.org
    $80 (members), $120 (nonmembers), plus shipping and handling. Document Number: ISBN 978-1-60122-083-7.

    This publication contains long-term projections of the oral health work force in the United States, using statistical transition models for retirement, occupation change, location choice, specialty education and death. The report provides national projections of the number of dentists (professionally active dentists and active private practitioners), dental school applicants, first-year dental school enrollments and dental school graduates up to the year 2030.

      Keywords: Oral health, Dental education, Professional education, Professional personnel, Graduate education, Dental schools, Research methodology, Work force

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      Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health. 2007. A report on the Commonwealth's dental hygiene workforce: Results and recommendations from a 2007 statewide survey. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health, 30 pp.

      Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Division of Primary Care and Health Access, Office of Oral Health
      250 Washington Street Boston, MA 02108

      Telephone: (617) 624-6060
      Secondary Telephone: (617) 624-5992
      Fax: (617) 624-6062
      Website: http://www.mass.gov/dph/oralhealth
      Available from the website.

      This report provides an overview of the dental hygiene work force in Massachusetts as surveyed in 2007. Survey topics include number of years in practice, degrees earned, work settings, wages and benefits, work availability, groups served, and certification. Contents include a description of the study methods and results, a discussion, highlights from the survey, and recommendations. Appendices include a brief history of dental hygiene as a profession, a list of Massachusetts dental hygiene schools, a review of state Medicaid programs that reimburse dental hygienists directly for services rendered, and the 29-item survey instrument. Statistical data are provided in figures throughout the report.

      Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygienists, Work force, Surveys, Questionnaires, Reimbursement, Massachusetts, Statistical data, Children

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      Nash DA, Friedman JW, Mathu-Muju KR, Robinson PG, Satur J, Moffat S, Kardos R, Lo ECM, Wong AHH, Jaafar N, van den Heuvel J, Phantumvanit P, Chu EO, Naidu R, Naidoo L, McKenzie I, Fernando E. 2012. A review of the global literature on dental therapists. Battle Creek, MI: W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 460 pp.

      W. K. Kellogg Foundation
      One Michigan Avenue, East
      Battle Creek, MI 49017-4012

      Telephone: (269) 968-1611
      Fax: (269) 968-0413
      Website: http://www.wkkf.org
      Available from the website.

      This monograph reviews literature dating from 1932 and published in the United States that is related to the concept of introducing dental therapists into the work force. The monograph also reviews the experiences of a number of nations where the use of dental therapists could be documented. Topics include history and distribution of dental therapists; education and training; legislation, registration, and licensure; scope of practice and practice settings; oversight, supervision, and safety of care; access to and effectiveness of care; quality of technical care; perspectives of the oral health profession; and perspectives of the public. The monograph concludes with a bibliography.

      Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Work force, International programs, History, Literature reviews, Children, Adults

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      Public Sector Consultants and Michigan Access to Oral Health Care Work Group. 2010. A united voice for oral health: Final report and recommendations from the Michigan Access to Oral Health Care Work Group. Lansing, MI: Public Sector Consultants, 32 pp.

      Michigan Dental Association
      3657 Okemos Road, Suite 200
      Okemos, MI 48864-3927

      Telephone: (800) 589-2632
      Fax: (517) 372-0008
      Website: http://www.smilemichigan.com
      Available from the website.

      This report and call to action discusses the importance of and need for greater access to oral health care for Michigan’s children, describes barriers to access and consequences of oral disease, and outlines features of Michigan’s oral health system. It also highlights the oral health status of state residents and disparities that exist for certain subsets of the population. Programs and promising practices aimed at improving access to oral health care are described as well.

      Keywords: Oral health, Children, Child health, Access to health care, Underserved communities, Families, State surveys, Michigan

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      Writer C. 2009. Access to pediatric oral health services in Lane County, Oregon: Final report. Springfield OR: Sacred Heart Medical Center, 17 pp.

      National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
      Georgetown University Box 571272
      Washington, DC 20057-1272

      Telephone: (202) 784-9771
      Fax: (202) 784-9777
      E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
      Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
      Available from the website.

      This report describes activities conducted by the Latino Medical Access Coalition from April 2004 through February 2009 to address barriers to oral health services for children in Lane County, Oregon, from families who have low incomes and are uninsured. Contents include the project's goals and objectives, methodology, coordination, evaluation, and results and outcomes. Topics include (1) establishing on-site prevention programs (oral screening and education by advanced practice dental hygienists) in public settings serving the target population, (2) promoting fluoride varnish application in medical clinics, and (3) facilitating access to dentists in federally qualified community health centers for restorative treatment and ongoing care. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

      Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Children, Screening, Access to health care, Low income groups, Uninsured persons, Final reports, Local MCH programs, Oregon

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      Commission on Dental Education. 2010. Accreditation standards for dental education programs. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 37 pp.

      American Dental Association
      211 East Chicago Avenue
      Chicago, IL 60611-2678

      Telephone: (312) 440-2500
      Fax: (312) 440-7494
      E-mail: info@ada.org
      Website: http://www.ada.org
      Available from the website.

      This document delineates the standards that dental education programs leading to the D.D.S. or D.M.D. degree must meet to achieve and maintain accreditation. Contents include minimum acceptable requirements for programs and guidance on alternative and preferred methods of meeting standards. The document also provides program development guidance for institutions that wish to establish new programs or improve existing programs.

      Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, Dental education, Accreditation, Standards, Dental schools, Program development

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      American Dental Association. 2013. Action for Dental Health: Bringing disease prevention into communities. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 16 pp.

      American Dental Association
      211 East Chicago Avenue
      Chicago, IL 60611-2678

      Telephone: (312) 440-2500
      Fax: (312) 440-7494
      E-mail: info@ada.org
      Website: http://www.ada.org
      Available from the website.

      This paper focuses on preventing oral disease. Topics include national average costs of common preventive oral health services, funding of prevention programs, federal and state collaboration, educating parents, school-based screenings, and the role of the community oral health coordinator.

      Keywords: Oral health, Prevention programs, Collaboration, Public private partnerships, Parent education, School based clinics, Community coordination, Work force

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      American Dental Association. [2014]. Action for Dental Health: Dentists making a difference. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 4 pp.

      American Dental Association
      211 East Chicago Avenue
      Chicago, IL 60611-2678

      Telephone: (312) 440-2500
      Fax: (312) 440-7494
      E-mail: info@ada.org
      Website: http://www.ada.org
      Available from the website.

      This report outlines key initiatives of the aimed at preventing oral disease and reducing the proportion of children and adults with untreated oral disease. Contents include an overview of each initiative and related goals. Topics include providing care, strengthening and expanding the public/private safety net, and disease prevention and oral health education.

      Keywords: Oral health, Dentistry, Work force, Collaboration, Healthy People 2020, Goals, Public private partnerships, Community coordination, Health care utilization, Financing, Access to health care, Prevention programs, Outreach, Sustainability

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      Michigan Department of Community Health, Oral Health Program. 2009. Addressing dental workforce in the state of Michigan. [Lansing, MI]: Michigan Department of Community Health, Oral Health Program, 10 pp.

      Michigan Department of Community Health, Oral Health Program
      Capitol View Building 201 Townsend Street
      Lansing, MI 48913

      Telephone: (517) 335-8879
      Fax: (517) 335-8294
      E-mail: oralhealth@michigan.gov
      Website: http://www.michigan.gov/mdch/0,1607,7-132-2942_4911_4912_6226---,00.html
      Available from the website.

      This paper discusses the need for increasing access to oral health services in medically underserved communities and for underserved populations in Michigan by allowing the provision of quality dental care through qualified health care providers. Topics include tracking Michigan's oral health providers, the population, and trends in the state workforce; access to oral health care by Medicaid and uninsured dental patients; and and what other states are exploring to increase their dental health provider work force.

      Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Needs assessment, State initiatives, Surveys, Work force, Michigan

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      American Dental Education Association. 2001. ADEA 2000-2001 annual report. Journal of Dental Education 65(6):513-586.

      American Dental Education Association
      1400 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100
      Washington, DC 20005-2415

      Telephone: (202) 289-7201
      Fax: (202) 289-7204
      Website: http://www.adea.org
      Photocopy available at no charge.

      This annual report outlines the achievements and future needs of the American Dental Education Association in 2000-2001. Included with the report are additional association reports that discuss trends in dentistry and dental education, underrepresented minority enrollment in U.S. dental schools-the challenge, and practice location characteristics of black dentists in Texas.

        Keywords: Oral health, Dental education, Work force, Dentistry, Trends, Minority groups, Case studies, Texas

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        American Dental Education Association. [2014]. ADEA state advocacy toolkit. Washington, DC: American Dental Education Association, 1 v.

        American Dental Education Association
        1400 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100
        Washington, DC 20005-2415

        Telephone: (202) 289-7201
        Fax: (202) 289-7204
        Website: http://www.adea.org
        Available from the website.

        This toolkit is designed to help oral health professionals effectively interface with state legislators about funding and programs that affect academic dentistry and dental and craniofacial research. Contents include an overview of state legislatures and information on how a bill becomes a law, identifying and building relationships with state legislators, monitoring bills, and communicating with and hosting site visits for state legislators at academic institutions.

        Keywords: Oral health, Policy development, Advocacy, State legislatures

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        American Dental Education Association. 2014. ADEA United States interactive legislative tracking map. Washington, DC: American Dental Education Association.

        American Dental Education Association
        1400 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100
        Washington, DC 20005-2415

        Telephone: (202) 289-7201
        Fax: (202) 289-7204
        Website: http://www.adea.org
        Available from the website.

        This map provides information on state legislation of interest to academic dentistry for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. Users can view the status of bills, upcoming hearing dates, and bill text and author and sponsor information. Users can also view state legislation on topics such as health coverage and financing, fluoride, oral health programs, teledentistry, regulations, and workforce.

        Keywords: Oral health, State legislation, Dentistry, Dental education, Financing, Regulations, Work force

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        Institute of Medicine, Committee on an Oral Health Initiative. 2011. Advancing oral health in America. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 196 pp, brief (4 pp).

        National Academies Press
        500 Fifth Street, N.W., Keck 360
        Washington, DC 20001

        Telephone: (202) 334-3313
        Secondary Telephone: (888) 624-8373
        Fax: (202) 334-2451
        E-mail: customer_service@nap.edu
        Website: http://www.nap.edu
        $63.00 plus shipping and handling; also available from the website. Document Number: ISBN 978-0-309-18630-8.

        This report explores how the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) can enhance its role as a leader in improving the nation’s oral health and oral health care. The report begins with an overview of the link between oral health and overall health and well-being as well as the factors that can affect oral health improvement. The authors then address the oral health care system, including where services are provided, how they are paid for, who delivers them, how the work force is educated and trained to provide them, and how the work force is regulated. Finally, the report explores the role of DHHS in oral health education and training as well as in supporting the delivery of oral health services. A limited examination of the role DHHS places in overseeing safety net providers such as federally qualified health centers is included.

        Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Leadership, Health care systems, Health education, Training, Health services delivery

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        Whistler BJ. 2012. Alaska oral health plan: 2012–2016. Juneau, AK: Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Section of Women's, Children's and Family Health, 68 pp.

        Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Oral Health Program
        Alaska Division of Public Health P.O. Box 110610 130 Seward Street, Room 508
        Juneau, AK 99801-0610

        Telephone: (907) 465-8628
        Website: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/wcfh/Pages/oralhealth/default.aspx
        Available from the website.

        This document presents information on the status and burden of oral disease in Alaska, community water fluoridation, disparities in oral health, the oral health work force, infection-control guidelines, and the Alaska Oral Health Program and Alaska Dental Action Coalition (ADAC). The document also highlights the goals, strategies, and recommendations developed by ADAC and stakeholders to address the oral health of Alaskans, disparities, and work force issues; provide access to evidence-based prevention approaches; and improve access to oral health care.

        Keywords: Oral health, Children, Adults, Access to health care, Barriers, Work force, Prevention programs, Statewide planning, Community action, Alaska

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        American Association for Community Dental Programs. 2008. American Association for Community Dental Programs pre-conference symposium: [participant folder]. Cincinnati, OH: American Association for Community Dental Programs, 12 items.

        National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
        Georgetown University Box 571272
        Washington, DC 20057-1272

        Telephone: (202) 784-9771
        Fax: (202) 784-9777
        E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
        Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
        Single photocopies available at no charge.

        This participant folder contains materials from the American Association for Community Dental Programs' pre-conference symposium held on April 27, 2008, in Miami, Florida. Topics include federal oral health activities and their impact on local programs, using standardized assessments by dental hygienists and collaboration to establish dental homes for children enrolled in Head Start programs, collecting and using data to improve local program planning and evaluation, and the impact of changes in state practice acts on access to care at the local level. [Funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

          Keywords: Oral health, Conferences, Work force, Access to health care, Head Start, Federal initiatives, Community programs, Program improvement

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          Motley WE. 1983. American Dental Hygienists' Association 75th anniversary scrapbook. Chicago, IL: American Dental Hygienists' Association, 7 items.

          American Dental Hygienists' Association
          444 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 3400
          Chicago, IL 60611

          Telephone: (312) 440-8900
          Fax: (312) 440-1806
          Website: http://www.adha.org
          Available from the website.

          This resource comprises a series of commemorative historical excerpts from the book, History of the American Dental Hygienists' Association, 1923-1982. The excerpts were compiled in recognition of the American Dental Hygienists' Association's 75th anniversary. The content is presented in ten-year increments including the periods 1923-1932, 1933-1942, 1943-1952, 1953-1962, 1963-1972, and 1973-1982. Topics include the founding of the dental hygiene profession and association, education, unsupervised practice, preceptorship, the war effort, addressing personnel shortages, accreditation, professional status, publications, legislative focus, and the future of dental hygiene education and practice.

          Keywords: Dental hygienists, Associations, Professional societies, Dental societies, Anniversaries, History, Professional education, Accreditation

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          Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2011. An introduction to the federal agencies and their roles in oral health. Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, (New member orientation).

          Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
          3858 Cashill Boulevard
          Reno, NV 89509

          Telephone: (775) 626-5008
          Fax: (775) 626-9268
          E-mail: info@astdd.org
          Website: http://www.astdd.org
          Available from the website.

          This webinar, held on October 27, 2011, provides an overview of the role of federal agencies in oral health. Topics include an overview of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (DHHS’s) regional offices and divisions and the oral health goals and activities within the divisions. Also discussed are the roles of DHHS’s Indian Health Service, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The webinar is available in streaming audio and slide presentation formats.

          Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Government role, Federal agencies, Federal programs, Multimedia

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          American Association for Community Dental Programs. 2005. Annual seminar: [Participant folder]. [Cincinnati, OH]: American Association for Community Dental Programs, 8 items.

          National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
          Georgetown University Box 571272
          Washington, DC 20057-1272

          Telephone: (202) 784-9771
          Fax: (202) 784-9777
          E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
          Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
          Single photocopies available at no charge.

          This participant folder contains materials from the American Association for Community Dental Programs' (AACDP) annual seminar held on May 1, 2005, in Pittsburgh, PA. Contents include the seminar agenda, speakers list, participants list, flyers, and three articles. Topics include a case study from Allegheny County Dental Programs, productivity and benchmarking, legal issues and human resources in dental programs, making oral health a priority, how program guidelines help communities, and dental program troubleshooting and problem solving. [Funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

            Keywords: Oral health, Community programs, Conferences, Access to health care, Program improvement, Work force

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            American Association for Community Dental Programs. 2008. Annual symposium: [Participant folder]. Cincinnati, OH: American Association for Community Dental Programs, 6 items.

            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
            Georgetown University Box 571272
            Washington, DC 20057-1272

            Telephone: (202) 784-9771
            Fax: (202) 784-9777
            E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
            Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
            Single photocopies available at no charge.

            This participant folder contains materials from the American Association for Community Dental Programs' (AACDP's) annual symposium held on April 29, 2008, in Denver, Colorado. Contents include the symposium agenda, presentation handouts, an article on women's oral health issues, a bookmark, a list of the 2007–2008 AACDP board members, and a flier. Topics include HRSA's Oral Health Disparities Collaborative pilot and Head Start and dental sealant initiatives, women's oral health issues, Wisconsin's dental hygiene legislation, Denver's oral health programs, and working with policymakers to enhance the capacity of local oral health programs. [Funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

              Keywords: Oral health, Conferences, Access to health care, Community programs, Program improvement

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              White JA, Barker L, Lockwood SA. 2004. Annual synopses of state and territorial oral health programs: Five-year trends report, 1998 to 2002. Jefferson City, MO: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 126 pp, exec summ (15 pp).

              National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
              Georgetown University Box 571272
              Washington, DC 20057-1272

              Telephone: (202) 784-9771
              Fax: (202) 784-9777
              E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
              Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
              Available from the website.

              This report examines 5 years of data from annual summaries or synopses of oral health activities conducted in each state from 1998 through 2002. The report highlights trends in the areas of oral health infrastructure and workforce, oral health program administration, and programs or activities. The report discusses the data categories, data collection, and limitations of the data; summarizes the data; presents conclusions; and discusses future directions for the annual synopses. Appendices provide (1) summary and state-specific data on each topic, (2) technical notes related to the data, (3) a nonresponse list and summary, and (4) a list of items included in the synopses.

              Keywords: Trends, Oral health, State programs, Demography, Public health infrastructure, Work force, Administration, Data, Children

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              Wacloff JK, White JA, Phipps K. 2007. Arizona dental hygiene workforce survey data tables 2003-04. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health, 22 pp.

              Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health
              150 North 18th Avenue, Suite 320
              Phoenix, AZ 85007

              Telephone: (602) 542-1866
              Fax: (602) 364-1494
              Website: http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/owch/oral-health
              Available from the website.

              This report presents survey findings on the distribution and practice of the dental hygiene workforce in Arizona. Contents include data on the number and percentage of hygienists licensed in Arizona including hygienists licensed and practicing, and those not practicing at the time of the survey. Topics include gender, rural-urban designation, age, race/ethnicity, level of education, degree-granting institution, position, years worked and looking for work, job satisfaction, occupational injury or illness, plan for retirement, volunteerism, and perceived needs and challenges. The data by practice location are presented separately. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

              Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygienists, Work force, Data, State surveys, Arizona

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              Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health. 2007. Arizona dental workforce survey 2003-2004 data tables. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health, 24 pp.

              Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health
              150 North 18th Avenue, Suite 320
              Phoenix, AZ 85007

              Telephone: (602) 542-1866
              Fax: (602) 364-1494
              Website: http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/owch/oral-health
              Available from the website.

              This report presents survey findings on the distribution and practice of the dentist workforce in Arizona. Contents include data on the number and percentage of dentists licensed in Arizona and those licensed and practicing in Arizona. Topics include gender, rural-urban designation, age, race/ethnicity, level of education, location of high school and degree-granting institution, specialty, time worked and time spent looking for work, occupational injury or illness, plan for retirement, and volunteerism. The factors influencing dentists' decision to practice in Arizona, perceived needs and challenges in the field, the earliest age at which dentists routinely began treating children, and their willingness to participate in disaster preparedness are also addressed. The data by practice location are presented separately. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

              Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, Work force, Data, State surveys, Arizona

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              Arizona Office of Oral Health. 2011. Arizona preschool children's oral health status. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Office of Oral Health, 13 pp.

              Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health
              150 North 18th Avenue, Suite 320
              Phoenix, AZ 85007

              Telephone: (602) 542-1866
              Fax: (602) 364-1494
              Website: http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/owch/oral-health
              Available from the website.

              This report discusses the importance of oral health in children and presents results from Arizona’s 2009 oral health survey of preschool children. Contents include data on tooth decay experience (treated and untreated) among children from birth to age 4 in Arizona and among children in third grade in Arizona and bordering states. Additional topics include treatment urgency; reason for no dental visits; differences in tooth decay experience by parent’s education, race and ethnicity, and health insurance status; and the age 1 dental visit. Work force strategies to enhance the oral health status of preschool children during the 2009–2012 period are also presented.

              Keywords: Oral health, Preschool children, Health status, Dental caries, Access to health care, State surveys, Strategic planning, Work force, Arizona, Young children

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              Preston B, Dower C. 2010. Assessing workforce needs and opportunities for school based health centers in California. San Francisco, CA: University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions, 13 pp.

              University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions
              3333 California Street, Suite 410
              San Francisco, CA 94118

              Telephone: (415) 476-8181
              Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu
              Available from the website.

              This brief describes California school-based health clinics’ work force needs, funding opportunities for the clinics, and what is necessary to set a statewide strategy to improve child health and school performance in California. Data are presented on the types of schools, geography, sponsors, services, and staffing. Information on health information technology, personnel recruitment and retention, funding sources, payment for services, and training is included.

              Keywords: School age children, School based clinics, School health, School performance, Needs assessment, Financing, Work force, Strategic plans, Program improvement, California, Oral health

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              Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2014. ASTDD annual report 2013: Changing with the times. Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, annual.

              Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
              3858 Cashill Boulevard
              Reno, NV 89509

              Telephone: (775) 626-5008
              Fax: (775) 626-9268
              E-mail: info@astdd.org
              Website: http://www.astdd.org
              Available from the website.

              This report summarizes activities of the American Association for State and Territorial Dental Directors. It addresses the association’s efforts to build on proven models, advocate for policies and resources, help states improve their programs and collaborations, plan strategic communications, and assess and evaluate partnerships and collaborations. In addition, it focuses on efforts to increase visibility and appreciation for state oral health programs and transitions to new models and funding for oral health care.

              Keywords: Oral health, Associations, Annual reports, State programs,

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              ASTDD Leadership Committee. 2011. ASTDD competencies for state oral health programs. Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 22 pp, plus appendices.

              Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
              3858 Cashill Boulevard
              Reno, NV 89509

              Telephone: (775) 626-5008
              Fax: (775) 626-9268
              E-mail: info@astdd.org
              Website: http://www.astdd.org
              Available from the website.

              This document describes skill sets that state oral health program staff need to carry out core public health functions and services in seven domains: building support, planning and evaluating programs, influencing policies and systems change, managing people, managing programs and resources, using public health science, and leading strategically. Competencies are presented by domain in a chart format and are described in four advancing levels of involvement. Companion tools are also available for conducting an abbreviated program assessment, individual staff/consultant competency assessments, a summary program assessment, and an assessment using Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors’ guidelines. Directions on how to use the guidelines are included.

              Keywords: Oral health, Competence, Program development, Program evaluation, Strategic planning, Resources for professionals

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              Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2006. [ASTDD marketing tool]. [Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors], 2 pp.

              Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
              3858 Cashill Boulevard
              Reno, NV 89509

              Telephone: (775) 626-5008
              Fax: (775) 626-9268
              E-mail: info@astdd.org
              Website: http://www.astdd.org
              Available from the website.

              This document provides an overview of ASTDD's guidelines for state programs on essential public health services to promote oral health, along with instructions for downloading the guidelines in full from the Web site. The reverse side of the document presents the vision, mission, goals, and activities of the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors (ASTDD). Information on funding and projects is also included.

              Keywords: Oral health, Professional societies, Resources for professionals, Guidelines, Public health services, State programs

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              Kleiner MM, Park KW. 2010. Battles among licensed occupations: Analyzing government regulations on labor market outcomes for dentists and hygienists. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 42 pp, (NBER working paper series no. 16560).

              National Bureau of Economic Research
              1050 Massachusetts Avenue
              Cambridge, MA 02138-5398

              Telephone: (617) 868-3900
              Fax: (617) 868-2742
              E-mail: info@nber.org
              Website: http://www.nber.org
              $5.

              This paper focuses on the labor market implications of government requirements related to tasks that dental hygienists are allowed to perform and to dentists’ supervision of dental hygienists’ work. Topics include the evolution of licensing for dentists and hygienists, the legal conditions governing permissible tasks for hygienists that impact both occupations, and the conflict that has arisen over the allocation of work and supervision of tasks.

              Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dentists, Dental hygienists, Market research, Licensing, Regulations, Economics

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              Brodsky KL. 2005. Best practices in specialty provider recruitment and retention: Challenges and solutions. New York, NY: Commonwealth Fund, 34 pp.

              Commonwealth Fund
              One East 75th Street
              New York, NY 10021

              Telephone: (212) 606-3800
              Fax: (212) 606-3500
              E-mail: info@cmwf.org
              Website: http://www.commonwealthfund.org
              Available from the website.

              This paper describes a study of Association of Community Affiliated Plans (ACAP) health plans conducted in 2004 to identify barriers to recruiting and retaining providers and also to identify solutions to this problem. Four plans were selected for in-depth case studies. The paper discusses (1) identifying challenges; (2) matching best practices to challenges; (3) payment practices, payment incentives, and financial assistance; (4) utilization management practices; (5) communications and provider outreach practices; (6) practices to simplify administrative burdens; and (7) enabling service practices.

              Keywords: Managed care organizations, Medicaid managed care, Barriers, Recruitment, Health personnel, Case studies, Salaries

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              American Dental Association. 2012. Breaking down barriers to oral health for all Americans: The community dental health coordinator. [Chicago, IL]: American Dental Association, 11 pp, (ADA series on access to oral health).

              American Dental Association
              211 East Chicago Avenue
              Chicago, IL 60611-2678

              Telephone: (312) 440-2500
              Fax: (312) 440-7494
              E-mail: info@ada.org
              Website: http://www.ada.org
              Available from the website.

              This report describes the evaluation and outcomes of a pilot project to educate, train, and deploy community health workers in improving the oral health status of people in underserved communities. Topics include the role of the Community Dental Health Coordinator (CDHC) in providing oral health education, performing preventive procedures, and connecting clients to dentists for treatment. The report also describes core competencies and components of the CDHC curriculum and the status of CDHC student cohorts.

              Keywords: Oral health, Health care delivery, Work force, Professional education, Training, Community based services, Preventive health services, Process evaluation, Outcome evaluation

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              American Dental Association. 2011. Breaking down barriers to oral health for all Americans: The role of workforce. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 14 pp, (ADA series on access to oral health).

              American Dental Association
              211 East Chicago Avenue
              Chicago, IL 60611-2678

              Telephone: (312) 440-2500
              Fax: (312) 440-7494
              E-mail: info@ada.org
              Website: http://www.ada.org
              Available from the website.

              This document, the first in a series on barriers to oral health care, focuses on the need for an adequate oral health work force. Topics include the roles and responsibilities of the oral health work force; funding; geography; education, language, and culture; models for change; alternative work force solutions; augmenting the oral health team; and public health interventions and safety net delivery systems.

              Keywords: Oral health, Barriers, Access to health care, Work force, Financing, Models, Health services delivery

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              Community Voices Healthcare for the Underserved Committee. 2006. Bridging the gap: Partnerships between dental schools and colleges to produce a workforce to fully serve America's diverse communities. Atlanta, GA: Community Voices, 49 pp.

              National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
              Georgetown University Box 571272
              Washington, DC 20057-1272

              Telephone: (202) 784-9771
              Fax: (202) 784-9777
              E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
              Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
              Available at no charge.

              This report outlines a feasibility study and recommendations for implementing a model that would increase underrepresented minority (URM) student enrollment in dental schools to expand the oral health work force and to increase its diversity. The report, which includes an executive summary and introduction, discusses the model's educational framework, increasing URM enrollment, the need for new oral health practitioners, principles and assumptions for a new strategy to improve URM participation in dentistry, adapting the Sophie Davis model, an outline of the university and dental school years, faculty and financial considerations, and alternate pathways to accreditation. Appendices include a curriculum scheme, enrollment statistics, additional information on financial considerations, and a discussion of standardized testing as a barrier to admissions.

                Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Provider participation, Dentists, Public health dentists, Personnel, Professional education, Dental schools, Underserved communities, Strategic plans, Models, College bound students, Adults

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                Glassman P, Harrington M, Namakian M. 2013. California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development Health Workforce Pilot Project #172: Report and evaluation. San Francisco, CA: University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, Pacific Center for Special Care, 13 pp.

                University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry
                155 Fifth Street
                San Francisco, CA 94103

                Telephone: (415) 929-6400
                Fax: (415) 929-6654
                Website: http://dental.pacific.edu
                Available from the website.

                This policy brief presents findings from a demonstration project to train allied oral health professionals to perform new duties in community settings. The brief describes the trainees, dentists, and sites; the curriculum and training; and the evaluation process and results. Topics include patients, procedures, and visits; project features; satisfaction surveys; and an economic analysis.

                Keywords: Oral health, Health care delivery, Dental assistants, Dental hygienists, Community based services, Evaluation, Training, Work force, State initiatives, California, Process evaluation, Treatment effectiveness evaluation, Economic factors, Pilot projects

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                University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions. 2007. California survey of dental hygienists 2005-2006: Descriptive findings. San Francisco, CA: University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions, 3 items; 1-57 pp report, 1 set of 57 PowerPoint slides, 1-11 pp survey.

                National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                Georgetown University Box 571272
                Washington, DC 20057-1272

                Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                Fax: (202) 784-9777
                E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                Single photocopies available at no charge.

                This report presents data for policymakers, work force planners, and educators on the contemporary registered dental hygiene work force in California. Data for the report were drawn from a sample survey of licensed registered dental hygienists in California in 2005-2006. The survey investigated the following major topics: (1) demographic characteristics, (2) geographic distribution, (3) practice characteristics, (4) populations served, (5) scope of practice, (6) productivity and work hours, (7) collaboration with other health professionals, (8) interest in performing in a more independent role, and (9) willingness to provide care in underserved communities. The report is available in print downloadable format and PowerPoint slides. The survey instrument is also available.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygienists, Provider surveys, Work force, California,

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                  National Network for Oral Health Access. 2011. Characteristics of a quality oral health/dental program. Denver, CO: National Network for Oral Health Access, 2 pp.

                  National Network for Oral Health Access
                  181 E. 56th Avenue, Suite 501 Denver, CO 80216

                  Telephone: (866) 316-4995
                  Fax: (866) 316-4995
                  E-mail: info@nnoha.org
                  Website: http://www.nnoha.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This fact sheet lists characteristics of successful oral health programs. Topics include management and decision-making, fiscal sustainability, program integration, tools and teams, personnel recruitment and retention, data, quality improvement, and leadership. Information about the methodology used to develop the fact sheet is included.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Quality assurance, Program management, Best practices

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                  [Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Oral Health Program]. 2001. Children's access to dental services in Alaska's Denali KidCare/Medicaid program. [Juneau, AK: Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Oral Health Program], 10 pp.

                  Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Oral Health Program
                  Alaska Division of Public Health P.O. Box 110610 130 Seward Street, Room 508
                  Juneau, AK 99801-0610

                  Telephone: (907) 465-8628
                  Website: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/wcfh/Pages/oralhealth/default.aspx
                  Available from the website.

                  This document provides information on barriers to oral health care among children in Alaska communities and strategies for increasing access to care in Medicaid. Topics include the number and age of licensed dentists in Alaska, the Medicaid claims process, legal concerns, non-kept appointments, reimbursement, and tribal perspectives. Data on the percentage of children enrolled in Medicaid who used preventive and treatment services during the period FFY1999 and 2000 are also provided.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Children, Barriers, Access to health care, Strategic plans, Medicaid, State health insurance programs, Alaska, Work force, Statistics

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                  VanLandeghen K, Bronstein J, Brach C. 2003. Children's dental care access in Medicaid: The role of medical care use and dentist participation. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 6 pp, (CHIRI issue brief no. 2).

                  U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
                  540 Gaither Road, Suite 2000
                  Rockville, MD 20850

                  Telephone: (301) 427-1104
                  Secondary Telephone: (800) 358-9295
                  Website: http://www.ahrq.gov
                  Available at no charge; also available from the website. Document Number: AHRQ Pub. No. 03-0032.

                  This issue brief reports on children's access to oral health care in the Alabama and Georgia Medicaid programs before these states implemented efforts to improve dentist participation in Medicaid. Topics include children enrolled in Medicaid were more likely to receive oral health care, what oral health services were most frequently used, and whether medical care use or the number of participating dentists was associated with greater oral health care use. Statistics, definitions, study methodology, and resources are also provided.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Children, Access to health care, Medicaid, Provider participation, Alabama, Georgia

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                  National Conference of State Legislatures. 2012. Children's oral health. Denver, CO: National Conference of State Legislatures.

                  National Conference of State Legislatures
                  7700 East First Place
                  Denver, CO 80230

                  Telephone: (303) 364-7700
                  Fax: (303) 364-7800
                  Website: http://www.ncsl.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This resource examines children’s oral health and the role that state legislators can play in improving it. Topics include the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program, access to services, work force issues, and prevention and awareness.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Children, State programs, Medicaid, Children's Health Insurance Program, Access to health care, Work force, Disease prevention, Health promotion

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                  Morgan M, Potter SL. 2007. Children's oral healthcare access program: End of project final report. Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma State Department of Health, 9 pp.

                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This final report summarizes Oklahoma's efforts to enhance and strengthen state oral health infrastructure and increase access to oral health services for a target population of children ages 3-8 in Oklahoma County with funding from the State Oral Health Collaborative Systems grant program for the period September 30, 2003, to August 31, 2007. The report is divided into the following sections: purpose, progress narrative, evaluation and conclusion, and statistical tables. Selected topics include partnerships and coalitions, oral health education, and the oral health work force. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                  Keywords: Oral health, School age children, Statewide planning, Public health infrastructure, Access to health care, Child health services, Public private partnerships, Oral health education, Work force, Oklahoma, Program descriptions, Systems development, Final reports, Children

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                  Barzel R, Holt K, Siegal M. 2008. Clinical operations for safety net dental clinics. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center.

                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This curriculum is designed to help safety net dental clinic staff improve efficiency and quality of care, meet patients' needs, and set up an infrastructure that is conducive to these activities. The series of six modules provide detailed guidelines for developing a policies and procedures manual, developing a staff handbook, and recruiting and retaining staff. The modules also present information on the importance of health records, including their vital role in malpractice cases, and on how to efficiently purchase, stock, and track supplies. In addition, the modules contain detailed information on effective appointment scheduling and on how to handle hazardous substances and plan for emergencies in the clinic setting. The modules include both national information and information specific to Ohio.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Personnel, Dental clinics, Work force, Medical records, Medical records management, Fees and charges, Patient care management, Distance education, Ohio

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                  Association for Prevention Teaching and Research and Healthy People Curriculum Task Force. 2009. Clinical prevention and population health curriculum framework (rev. ed.). Washington, DC: Association for Prevention Teaching and Research, 7 pp.

                  Association for Prevention Teaching and Research
                  1001 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 610
                  Washington, DC 20036

                  Telephone: (202) 463-0550
                  Secondary Telephone: (866) 474-APTR
                  Fax: (202) 463-0555
                  E-mail: info@aptrweb.org
                  Website: http://www.aptrweb.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This resource contains a framework to apply to curriculum design, evaluation, and accreditation efforts to integrate clinical prevention and population health into the education of students across the health professions disciplines. The framework consists of 19 domains within four components: (1) evidence-based practice; (2) clinical preventive services and health promotion; (3) health systems and health policy; and (4) population health and community aspects of practice. The 2009 publication is an expansion of the domains beyond that provided in the 2008 publication. The 2008 publication provides additional information on the development and intent of the framework and how the framework can be implemented.

                  Keywords: Professional education, Health promotion, Disease prevention, Curricula, Clinical medicine, Preventive medicine, Health services

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                  Brickle C, Larkin C, Thoele MJ, Furry C. 2010. Collaborative dental hygiene practice in Minnesota. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health, (Collaborative dental hygiene practice).

                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This course is designed to help dentists and dental hygienists become familiar with concepts related to limited authorization hygiene practices in Minnesota, and it provides supplemental resources for establishing such practices. Topics include “collaborative dental hygiene practice”, nontraditional practice settings, collaborative dental hygiene agreements, and practitioner perspectives. Frequently asked questions, a work force survey, and information about direct access in states other than Minnesota are also included.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Dentists, Dental hygienists, Distance education, Professional training, Collaboration, Work force, State programs, Minnesota

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                  Mertz E, Lindler V, Dower C. 2011. Collaborative practice in American dentistry: Practice and potential. [San Francisco, CA]: University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions, 24 pp.

                  University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions
                  3333 California Street, Suite 410
                  San Francisco, CA 94118

                  Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                  Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu
                  Available from the website.

                  This report addresses the potential of collaborative practice models in providing primary oral health care within the oral-health-care-delivery system in the United States. Topics include how collaborative practices are arranged and how they may affect client care, income, productivity, and the culture of oral health practice. The report concludes with a discussion of ways to facilitate the adoption of collaborative practice within the oral health care field.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Collaboration, Dentistry, Primary care, Service delivery systems, Work force

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                  Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry. 2008. Coming home: The patient-centered medical-dental home in primary care training—Seventh annual report to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and to Congress. [Rockville, MD: U.S. Bureau of Health Professions], 25 pp.

                  U.S. Bureau of Health Workforce
                  Health Resources and Services Administration 5600 Fishers Lane Parklawn Building, Room 8-05
                  Rockville, MD 20857

                  Telephone: (301) 443-5794
                  Fax: (301) 443-2111
                  Website: http://www.hrsa.gov/about/organization/bureaus/bhw/index.html
                  Available from the website.

                  This report describes a client-centered medical and dental home model to serve as a primary care practice environment and defines the role that Title VII, section 747, played in its development and implementation. Contents include recommendations, background evidence on the health care environment, the medical-dental home, and changes needed in medical and dental education.

                  Keywords: Medical home, Oral health, Primary care, Professional education, Patient care management, Service integration, Work force, Needs assessment, Children

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                  U.S. Senate, Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. 2002. Congressional hearing on the crisis in children's dental health: A silent epidemic. Washington, DC: U.S. Senate, Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee, multiple items.

                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This document presents testimony from the first Congressional hearing on children's oral health held on June 25, 2002, in Washington, DC. The document includes statements from representatives of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Dental Association, the American Dental Education Association, the American Dental Hygienists' Association, the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, the Children's Dental Health Project, the National Association of Community Health Centers, the National Head Start Association, the former Surgeon General David Satcher, and the Special Olympics. Topics include (1) disparities and other significant challenges to the infrastructure of dental education and the oral health delivery system, and programs deemed critical to oral health education and research; (2) infrastructure and capacity in state oral health programs; (3) integration of oral health in general pediatric health policies and programs; (4) strengths of community health centers in improving children's oral health; and (5) the need for explicit inclusion of children with mental retardation.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Dental education, Provider participation, National programs, State programs, Community health centers, Children with special health care needs, Congressional hearings, Children

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                  Schor E. 2014. Dental care access for children in California: Institutionalized inequality. Palo Alto, CA: Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health, 10 pp.

                  Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health
                  400 Hamilton Avenue, Suite 340
                  Palo Alto, CA 94301

                  Telephone: (650) 497-8365
                  E-mail: info@lpfch.org
                  Website: http://www.lpfch.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This issue brief discusses the scope of oral health problems among children in California; the system of care available to them; and policy approaches to improve access to and quality of pediatric oral health care. Topics include children's use of oral health care; public health approaches to improve children's oral health, such as fluoridated community water; and financing and work force.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Children, Health status, Health care utilization, Dental care, Barriers, Financing, Work force, Policy development, California, State surveys

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                  Orlans J, Mertz E, Grumbach K. 2002. Dental health professional shortage area methodology: A critical review. San Francisco, CA: University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions, 3 items.

                  University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions
                  3333 California Street, Suite 410
                  San Francisco, CA 94118

                  Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                  Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu
                  Available from the website.

                  This report presents the history of the federal Dental Health Professional Shortage Areas program, critiques the designation criteria, and provides recommendations to revise the criteria to ensure access to adequate oral health care. The recommendations section outlines six focal points gathered from members of the practice community, facility administrations, professional organizations, policy analysts, and federal, state, and local shortage designation authorities. An annotated bibliography is provided.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Access to health care, Dentists, Provider participation, Needs assessment, Personnel, Federal programs, State programs, Local initiatives, Infants, Children

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                  American Dental Hygienists' Association. 2005. Dental hygiene: Focus on advancing the profession. Chicago, IL: American Dental Hygienists' Association, 39 pp.

                  American Dental Hygienists' Association
                  444 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 3400
                  Chicago, IL 60611

                  Telephone: (312) 440-8900
                  Fax: (312) 440-1806
                  Website: http://www.adha.org
                  Available from the website.

                  This report describes the future of the dental hygienist profession as envisioned by a select group of dental hygienists with input from a wide range of sources. Contents include sections on research, education, practice and technology, licensure and regulation, public health, and government. Each section describes aims for the profession and recommendations on how the aims can be accomplished.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Dental hygienists, Dental hygiene, Professional education, Professional training, Professional personnel, Health services, Planning, Children

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                  Clark M, Holt K. 2008. Dental hygienists and Head Start: What you should know and how you can help. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 4 pp.

                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                  Available at no charge; also available from the website. Document Number: OHRC Doc. Code MCH00247.

                  This tip sheet provides information about how dental hygienists can help address the oral health needs of pregnant women, infants, and children enrolled in Head Start. Topics include an overview of the Head Start program, information on children’s access to services and oral health status, and promising approaches to providing care for Head Start participants. [Funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygienists, Early Head Start, Head Start, Dental care, Health education, Health services delivery, Program descriptions, Children, Pregnant women, Families

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                  Wall TP. 2012. Dental Medicaid -- 2012. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, Health Policy Resources Center, 23 pp, (Dental health policy analysis series).

                  American Dental Association
                  211 East Chicago Avenue
                  Chicago, IL 60611-2678

                  Telephone: (312) 440-2500
                  Fax: (312) 440-7494
                  E-mail: info@ada.org
                  Website: http://www.ada.org
                  Available from the website. Document Number: ISBN 978-1-60122-165-0.

                  This paper identifies and examines issues related to oral health services for children enrolled in Medicaid. Topics include where children receive services and effective methods for increasing service use. Additional topics include dentist participation in Medicaid, the impact of reimbursement rates on state Medicaid dental expenditures, service delivery through managed care organizations, non-dentist providers, and barriers hindering state initiatives to improve access to services. Information on the Children’s Health Insurance Program and oral health services for adults enrolled in Medicaid is included in the appendices.

                  Keywords: Oral health, Children, Medicaid, Access to health care, Dental care, Health services

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                  Dawkins-Lyn N, Jacobs E, Cheung K, Revels M, Carver L, Krol D. 2013. Dental professionals in non-dental settings. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 32 pp, (Synthesis report).

                  Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
                  Route One and College Road, East, P.O. Box 2316
                  Princeton, NJ 08543

                  Telephone: (877) 843-7953
                  Fax:
                  Website: http://www.rwjf.org
                  Available from the web site.

                  This report focuses on nine oral health innovations seeking to increase access to preventive oral health care in non-oral-health settings. Topics include a description of program settings (Head Start programs, schools, and senior center and other residential facilities) and strategies used in service delivery (referral systems, work force adaptations, funding mechanisms, consent procedures, telehealth technology, and incentives).

                  Keywords: Oral health, Young children, School age children, Adults, Access to health care, Prevention services, Head Start, Schools, Residential facilities, Service delivery systems, Work force, Model programs

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                  Holt K. 2011. Dentists and Head Start: What you should know and how you can help (upd. ed.). Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 4 pp.

                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                  Available at no charge; also available from the website. Document Number: OHRC Doc. Code MCH00386.

                  This tip sheet provides information about how dentists can help address the oral health needs of pregnant women, infants, and children enrolled in Head Start. Topics include an overview of the Head Start program, information on children’s access to services and oral health status, and promising approaches to providing care for Head Start participants. [Funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                  Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, Early Head Start, Head Start, Dental care, Health education, Health services delivery, Program descriptions, Pregnant women, Infants, Young children

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                  Hilltop Institute. 2008. Developing comprehensive oral health policy: Challenges and opportunities for state health policy makers [participant folder]. Baltimore, MD: Hilltop Institute, 12 items.

                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                  Single photocopies available at no charge.

                  This participant folder contains materials from a symposium held on June 17, 2008, in Baltimore, Maryland, to explore areas of policy innovation to improve access to oral health services for beneficiaries of publicly financed programs. Contents include the symposium agenda, speaker biographies, and handouts. The handouts address findings on the links between women's oral health, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and infant oral health; the link between oral health and chronic disease; and policy implications that stem from this research. Additional topics include evolving paradigms to integrate dental and medical service delivery through expanding the role of primary care health professionals, the evolution of pediatric health policy and its implications for access and quality, work force issues and the challenges of increasing the supply of oral health professionals who participate in public programs, engaging consumers to improve access, and professional resource needs for serving underserved and special needs populations.

                    Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Maternal health, Health policy, Program improvement, Government programs, Access to health care, Service integration, Community participation, Provider participation, Underserved communities, Conferences

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                    Head Start Resource Center. 2011. DHI launches, Spring 2011. Arlington, VA: Head Start Resource Center, 36 pp.

                    National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                    Georgetown University Box 571272
                    Washington, DC 20057-1272

                    Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                    Fax: (202) 784-9777
                    E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                    Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                    Available from the website.

                    This report summarizes a series of state-level meetings convening leaders and key stakeholders to develop a plan to ensure that children enrolled in Head Start receive comprehensive, continuously accessible, coordinated, and family-centered oral health services. The contents focus on Head Start Dental Home Initiative (DHI) launches convened during spring 2011 in Arizona, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Pennsylvania. Topics include an overview of the DHI, feedback survey results, keys to launch success, suggestions from states, common needs, and next steps.

                    Keywords: Oral health, Young children, Child health services, Head Start, Dental care, Comprehensive heath care, Access to health care, Service coordination, Family centered care, National initiatives, Statewide planning, Public private partnerships, Meetings

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                    Head Start Resource Center. 2011-2012. DHI Update. Arlington, VA: Head Start Resource Center, every other week.

                    National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                    Georgetown University Box 571272
                    Washington, DC 20057-1272

                    Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                    Fax: (202) 784-9777
                    E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                    Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                    Available at no charge.

                    This resource, published every other week, features news, information, and resources for Head Start Dental Home Initiative (DHI) consultants, Head Start State Collaboration directors, State Head Start Association directors, regional program managers, and other partners. Each edition includes information about DHI state launches and research on Head Start and oral health.

                      Keywords: Oral health, Head Start, National initiatives, Statewide planning, Consultants, Collaboration, Access to health care, Dental care, Children

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                      American Dental Hygienists' Association. 2012. Direct access states [upd. ed.]. Chicago, IL: American Dental Hygienists' Association, 13 pp.

                      American Dental Hygienists' Association
                      444 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 3400
                      Chicago, IL 60611

                      Telephone: (312) 440-8900
                      Fax: (312) 440-1806
                      Website: http://www.adha.org
                      Available from the website.

                      This document provides an overview of states with direct-access programs whereby a dental hygienist can initiate treatment based on his or her own assessment of a client’s needs without the specific authorization of a dentist; provide treatment services without the presence of a dentist; and maintain a provider-client relationship. Each state entry includes an authorizing code section, a brief description of methods and services, and special requirements and notes.

                      Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Dental hygienists, Dentistry, Provider participation, Access to health care, State initiatives, Patient care

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                      American Dental Association. 2002. Distribution of dentists in the United States by region and state, 1999. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, 63 pp, (Distribution of dentists series).

                      National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                      Georgetown University Box 571272
                      Washington, DC 20057-1272

                      Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                      Fax: (202) 784-9777
                      E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                      Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                      Available for loan. Document Number: ISBN 0-910074-30-5.

                      This report discusses the periodic census of all known dentists in the United States and its political jurisdictions, the survey methodology, the assignment of occupation codes, specialty versus area of practice, new dentists, and interpretation of the results. Data were collected on professionally active dentists, active private practitioners, primary occupation of all dentists, and dentists in outlying areas. The report also includes two appendices: (1) a glossary of terms and (2) the survey instrument. Numerous tables and figures provide extensive statistical data. Survey data are presented on a state-by-state and a national basis.

                        Keywords: Oral health, Dentistry, Dentists, Geographic regions, Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Military, Careers, Statistical data, Surveys

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                        Manuel-Barkin C, Mertz E, Grumbach K. 2000. Distribution of Medicaid dental services in California. San Francisco, CA: University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions, 28 pp.

                        University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions
                        3333 California Street, Suite 410
                        San Francisco, CA 94118

                        Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                        Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu
                        Available from the website.

                        This report describes the participation of private practice dentists in Medicaid in California, where only 44 percent of the approximately 4.5 million Medicaid beneficiaries eligible for dental services use those services annually. The study examines three questions: (1) To what extent is the supply of dentists treating the Medicaid population a result of the number of dentists overall? (2) Are community characteristics predictive of primary care dentists' participation in the Medicaid program? and (3) In areas with a low supply of private Medicaid dentists, are clinics serving as a safety net? Appendices describe dental services under Medicaid in California and explain the report methodology.

                        Keywords: Access to health care, Dentists, Medicaid, California, Oral health, Work force, Children, Adults

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                        Bates T, Chapman S. 2008. Diversity in California's health professions: Dentistry. [San Francisco, CA]: Center for Health Professions, University of California, San Francisco, 5 pp.

                        University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions
                        3333 California Street, Suite 410
                        San Francisco, CA 94118

                        Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                        Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu
                        Available from the website.

                        This brief presents data describing key characteristics of the dentistry labor force in California including age, gender, race/ethnicity, and income. Trends in the gender and race/ethnicity of first-year enrollments in California's five dentistry programs are also described.

                        Keywords: Dentistry, State surveys, California, Data, Work force, Demography, Professional personnel, Oral health

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                        Kim FM. 2013. Economic viability of dental therapists. Boston, MA: Community Catalyst, 13 pp.

                        Community Catalyst
                        30 Winter Street, 10th Floor
                        Boston, MA 02108

                        Telephone: (617) 338-6035
                        Fax: (617) 451-5838
                        E-mail: restuccia@communitycatalyst.org
                        Website: http://www.communitycatalyst.org
                        Available from the web site.

                        This report assesses the work of dental health aide therapists (DHATs) in Alaska and dental therapists (DTs) in Minnesota, including time spent on different categories of procedures, characteristics of the population base served, and overall cost to practices of employing DHATs and DTs. Data on procedure types (evaluation and assessment, preventive, restorative, and other) that DHATs and DTs perform and on revenue that DHATs and DTs generate are presented in a series of charts throughout the document. The report concludes with a summary table showing the distribution of procedures and generated revenue.

                        Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Work force, Economic factors, Case studies, Alaska, Minnesota, State programs, Statistical data

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                        Cantrell C. 2009. Engaging primary care medical providers in children's oral health. Portland, ME: National Academy for State Health Policy, 7 pp.

                        National Academy for State Health Policy
                        10 Free Street, Second Floor
                        Portland, ME 04101

                        Telephone: (207) 874-6524
                        Secondary Telephone: (202) 903-0101
                        Fax: (207) 874-6527
                        E-mail: info@nashp.org
                        Website: http://www.nashp.org
                        Available from the website.

                        This brief presents results from a survey of the 50 states and the District of Columbia on the use of primary care medical providers to increase access to oral health care for children. Topics include the status of children's oral health care; dental coverage; methods for early intervention (fluoride varnish, screening, risk assessment, anticipatory guidance) in primary care settings; and state policies to integrate preventive oral health care into primary care settings. A table outlines reimbursement for oral health services by primary care medical providers by state.

                        Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Dental care, Fluorides, Primary care, State initiatives, Reimbursement, Children

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                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2004. Enhancing the Dental Public Health Workforce and Infrastructure: February 26-27, 2004. Jefferson City, MO: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 24 items.

                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                        3858 Cashill Boulevard
                        Reno, NV 89509

                        Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                        Fax: (775) 626-9268
                        E-mail: info@astdd.org
                        Website: http://www.astdd.org
                        Available from the website.

                        This report summarizes the meeting held on February 26–27, 2004, in Washington, DC, to increase awareness and knowledge of dental public health workforce issues and to develop a draft national action plan to increase capacity to recruit and retain a diverse and competent dental public health workforce. Report contents include an executive summary; a list of presenters, facilitators, and partner organization staff; a participant list; a glossary; an outline of the workshop's goals, objectives, and anticipated outcomes; the program agenda; a background paper; and summaries of responses to the organizational self-assessment completed by invited organizations. Additional workshop materials are available online.

                        Keywords: Oral health, Public health dentistry, Public health dentists, Public health infrastructure, Provider participation, Health care delivery, Health care personnel, Strategic plans

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                        [Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors]. 2004. Enhancing the Dental Public Workforce and Infrastructure: Creating an action plan—Washington, DC, February 26-27, 2004. [Jeffferson City, MO: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors], 48 items.

                        National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                        Georgetown University Box 571272
                        Washington, DC 20057-1272

                        Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                        Fax: (202) 784-9777
                        E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                        Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                        Available for loan.

                        This participant folder includes materials for the conference held on February 26–27, 2004, in Washington, DC. It includes the agenda; lists of participants, presenters, facilitators, and partner organization staff; acknowledgments; a conference evaluation form; and information about the Public Health Foundation. Also included are a variety of articles, brochures, and other printed materials from conference attendees and participating organizations.

                          Keywords: Public health dentistry, Oral health, Public health infrastructure, Professional personnel, Strategic plans, Conferences

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                          Mertz E, Anderson G, Grumbach K, O'Neil E. 2004. Evaluation of strategies to recruit oral health care providers to underserved areas of California. San Francisco, CA: Center for California Health Workforce Studies, 54 pp.

                          Center for California Health Workforce Studies
                          University of California, San Francisco 3333 California Street, Suite 410
                          San Francisco, CA 94118

                          Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                          Fax: (415) 476-4113
                          E-mail: jojo@itsa.ucsf.edu
                          Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu/cchws.html
                          Available from the website.

                          This report evaluates the impact of California's many programs to recruit and train oral health professionals for service in underserved areas in the state. Topics include the practice environment, oral health education, and the applicant pool. Policy recommendations for existing program expansions, new program expansions, data collection and program evaluation, and potential new models of oral health care are also presented.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, State programs, Training, Recruitment, Underserved populations, Dental education, Health care personnel, Evaluation, Strategic plans, California

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                          Wetterhall S, Bader JD, Burrus BB, Lee JY, Shugars DA. 2010. Evaluation of the dental health aide therapist workforce model in Alaska. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International, 97 pp.

                          RTI International
                          P.O. Box 12194
                          Research Triangle, NC 27709

                          Telephone: (919) 485-2666
                          E-mail: listen@rti.org
                          Website: http://www.rti.org
                          Available from the website.

                          This report presents results of an evaluation of the Dental Health Aide Therapist initiative, part of Alaska’s Community Health Aide Program. The evaluation focused on the following five areas: client satisfaction, oral-health related quality of life, and perceived access to care; oral health status; clinical technical performance and performance measures; record-based process measures and evaluation of clinical facilities; and implementation of community-based preventive plans and programs.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Community health services, Program evaluation, State initiatives, Alaska, Research methodology, Allied health personnel, Children, Parents

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                          Pediatric Oral Health Research and Policy Center. 2011. Expanded function dental assistant toolkit. Chicago, IL: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry.

                          American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
                          211 East Chicago Avenue, Suite 1700
                          Chicago, IL 60611-2637

                          Telephone: (312) 337-2169
                          Fax: (312) 337-6329
                          Website: http://www.aapd.org
                          Available from the website.

                          This resources designed for oral health professionals provide information about the expanding role dental assistants can play in providing access to oral health services. Contents include articles, reports, and position statements, along with a summary of each item.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Health care services, Dental assistants, Resources for professionals

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                          Pew Children's Campaign. 2012. Expanding the dental safety net: A first look at how dental therapists can help. Washington, DC: Pew Center on the States, 21 pp.

                          Pew State and Consumer Initiatives
                          901 E Street, N.W.
                          Washington, DC 20004-2008

                          Telephone: (202) 552-2000
                          Fax: (202) 552-2299
                          E-mail: pcs-feedback@pewtrusts.org
                          Website: http://www.pewstates.org
                          Available from the website.

                          This paper looks at the impact of deploying dental therapists in federally qualified health center (FQHC) dental clinics or FQHC-operated school programs. State examples (Connecticut and Minnesota), policy implications, and conclusions are provided. The appendix provides information on the methodology and the model used to estimate the cost of services provided to children by dental therapists within FQHC clinics or programs.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Allied health personnel, Dental care, Medicaid, Work force, Community health centers, Access to care, Costs, Model programs, State initiatives

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                          Pew State and Consumer Initiatives, The Children's Dental Policy. 2014. Expanding the dental team: Studies of two private practices. Washington, DC; Pew Charitable Trusts, 21 pp.

                          Pew State and Consumer Initiatives
                          901 E Street, N.W.
                          Washington, DC 20004-2008

                          Telephone: (202) 552-2000
                          Fax: (202) 552-2299
                          E-mail: pcs-feedback@pewtrusts.org
                          Website: http://www.pewstates.org
                          Available from the website.

                          This report presents two case studies of private dental practices that employ dental therapists (Minnesota, United States and Saskatchewan, Canada). Each case study describes the rules governing dental therapists; the dental practice and the role of the dental therapist in the practice; supervision; and the impact of the dental therapist on productivity (quantity of services performed), access to care for underserved populations, time spent by the dentist on complex vs. routine procedures, and practice profits.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Case studies, Work force, Dentistry, Economics, Access to health care, Underserved communities

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                          Oral Health Kansas. 2006. Extended care permit toolkit: Community-based dental hygiene services. Topeka, KS: Oral Health Kansas.

                          Oral Health Kansas
                          800 S.W. Jackson, Suite 1120
                          Topeka, KS 66612

                          Telephone: (785) 235-6039
                          Fax: (785) 235-5064
                          E-mail: iinfo@Ooalhealthkansas.org
                          Website: http://www.oralhealthkansas.org
                          Available from the website.

                          This toolkit is designed as a guide for dental hygienists, dentists, and participating organizations in establishing dental hygiene services at Kansas Extended Care Permit sites and in community settings in other states. Contents are divided into the following sections: law and requirements; getting started; financial management; sponsoring dentists; and extended care permit sites (Head Start, school-based programs, local health departments, Federally-Qualified Health Centers, long-term care). Sample written agreements are included.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Public health dental hygienists, Community based services, Preventive health services, Health services delivery, Legislation, Fiscal management, Kansas, Children

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                          Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors and National Network for Oral Health Access. 2014. Facilitating partnerships and collaborations between state oral health programs and primary care associations: Final project report. Reno, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 4 pp, appendices (50 pp).

                          Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                          3858 Cashill Boulevard
                          Reno, NV 89509

                          Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                          Fax: (775) 626-9268
                          E-mail: info@astdd.org
                          Website: http://www.astdd.org
                          Available from the website.

                          [in process]

                          Keywords:

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                          Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Rural Health and Primary Care. 2011. Fact sheet: Minnesota's dental assistance workforce 2008-2009. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Department of Health, 2 pp.

                          Minnesota Department of Health
                          P.O. Box 64975
                          St. Paul, MN 55164-0975

                          Telephone: (651) 201-5000
                          Secondary Telephone: (888) 345-0823
                          Website: http://www.health.state.mn.us
                          Available from the website.

                          This report describes a survey of community health center dental clinics to assess the need for and efficacy and success of practice-management technical assistance. Contents include a description of the survey methodology, findings relating to safety net dental clinics, and an analysis of the service providers’ technical assistance.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dental assistants, Minnesota, State surveys, Statistical data

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                          Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Rural Health and Primary Care. 2011. Fact sheet: Minnesota's dentist workforce 2009-2010. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Department of Health, 2 pp.

                          Minnesota Department of Health
                          P.O. Box 64975
                          St. Paul, MN 55164-0975

                          Telephone: (651) 201-5000
                          Secondary Telephone: (888) 345-0823
                          Website: http://www.health.state.mn.us
                          Available from the website.

                          This fact sheet describes survey findings from the biennial licensing renewal process in Minnesota on dentists’ and dental specialists’ education, careers, and future plans. The fact sheet provides statistics as well as information on training and education trends, demographics of licensed dentists, geographic distribution in the state, primary practice settings, plans for practice longevity, and collaborative agreements.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dentists, Minnesota, State surveys, Statistical data

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                          McKernan SC, Reynolds JC, Kuthy R, Kateeb ET, Adrianse NB, Damiano PC. 2013. Factors affecting Iowa dentist participation in Medicaid: Capacity of the private oral health safety net. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa, Public Policy Center, 32 pp.

                          University of Iowa, Public Policy Center
                          227 South Quadrangle
                          Iowa City, IA 52242

                          Telephone: (319) 335-6800
                          Fax: 319/335-6801
                          E-mail: peter-damiano@uiowa.edu
                          Website: http://ppc.uiowa.edu
                          Available from the website.

                          [in process]

                          Keywords:

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                          Kansas Dental Project. 2011. Filling the gap: Addressing the dental workforce shortage in Kansas. Topeka, KS: Kansas Action for Children, Kansas Association for the Medically Underserved, Kansas Health Consumer Coalition, 1 p.

                          Kansas Action for Children
                          720 S.W. Jackson, Suite 201
                          Topeka, KS 66603

                          Telephone: (785) 232-0550
                          Fax: (785) 232-0699
                          E-mail: kac@kac.org
                          Website: http://www.kac.org
                          Available from the website.

                          This brief discusses the oral health work force shortage in Kansas and how access to oral health services maybe expanded to include registered dental practitioners working under the supervision of a dentist. Information about access expansion is provided as it relates to state House Bill 2280 and state Senate Bill 192.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Kansas, State initiatives, Model programs, Access to health care, Children

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                          Barbara Aved Associates. 2008. First 5 California Oral Health Education and Training Project: Final evaluation report. Sacramento, CA: California Dental Association Foundation, First Smiles Education and Training Project, 137 pp.

                          California Dental Association Foundation, First Smiles Education and Training Project
                          1201 K Street, Suite 1511
                          Sacramento, CA 95814

                          Telephone: (800) 232-7645
                          E-mail: Rolande.Loftus@cda.org
                          Website: http://www.cdafoundation.org/learn/education-training/first-smiles
                          Available from the website.

                          This report summarizes findings from an evaluation of First Smiles, a First 5 California Oral Health Education and Training Initiative for health professionals and community-based programs such as the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children and Head Start. Contents include data sources and methods, as well as findings on the study population and outcomes. Topics include knowledge gain and retention, increase in self-perceived skills, adoption of desired behaviors and practices, and improvement in access and systems changes. Outcomes related to parent education are also presented.

                          Keywords: Oral health, Professional training, Outcome evaluation, Final report, California

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                          Rhode Island Department of Health, Oral Health Program. 2006. First annual Rhode Island oral health summit. [Providence, RI]: Rhode Island Department of Health, Oral Health Program, 1 p.

                          Rhode Island Department of Health, Oral Health Program
                          3 Capitol Hill, Room
                          Providence, RI 02908

                          Telephone: (401) 222-5960
                          Fax: (401) 222-4415
                          Website: http://www.health.ri.gov/programs/oralhealth/index.php
                          Available at no charge.

                          This brief describes an oral health summit held on March 29, 2006, in Warwick, Rhode Island. Contents include the proposed goals for a new statewide oral health plan to remove barriers to care, apply science and best practices, develop a comprehensive oral-disease-prevention and health-promotion system, maintain infrastructure and work force, and provide oral health information.

                            Keywords: Oral health, Statewide planning, Access to health care, Work force, Program development, Disease prevention, Health promotion, Rhode Island

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                            Herndon JB, Tomar SL, Nogle JM, Cowper DC, Tatem B, Shenkman EA. 2009. Florida oral health workforce statewide needs assessment. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Health, Public Health Dental Program, 27 pp.

                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                            Georgetown University Box 571272
                            Washington, DC 20057-1272

                            Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                            Fax: (202) 784-9777
                            E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                            Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                            Available from the website.

                            This document presents findings from a statewide oral health workforce needs assessment to provide data about access to oral health among disadvantaged and vulnerable populations in Florida. Topics include the distribution and composition of the workforce in Florida's counties, variations in the workforce distribution by county urban and rural status, and variations in the workforce distribution by economic and demographic county population characteristics. Additional topics include the percentage of children from families with low incomes who had a dental visit during state fiscal year 2006-2007 and variations in dental visits by the children's sociodemographic and health characteristics.

                            Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Children, Low income groups, Needs assessment, Statewide planning, Florida, Health care utilization

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                            Florida Department of Health. 2009. [Florida] Health Practitioner Oral Healthcare Workforce Ad Hoc Committee report. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Health, 60 pp.

                            Florida Department of Health
                            4052 Bald Cypress Way
                            Tallahassee, FL 32399

                            Telephone: (850) 245-4147
                            Fax: (850) 487-4574
                            Website: http://www.doh.state.fl.us
                            Available from the website.

                            This report summarizes the efforts of a workgroup to discuss the state of the Florida oral health care work force and work force trends and how to improve access to oral health care in the state. Topics include education and prevention, models for the delivery of oral health care services for disadvantaged population groups, the role of safety net providers, the need for adequate and appropriate training requirements, a review of the most underserved populations, and the collection and analysis of reliable qualitative and quantitative data.

                            Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Barriers, Provider participation, Underserved communities, Health services delivery, State initiatives, Needs assessment, Work force, Trends, Florida, Children, Adults

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                            Bertness J, Holt K, eds. 2010. Fluoride varnish: A resource guide. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 30 pp.

                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                            Georgetown University Box 571272
                            Washington, DC 20057-1272

                            Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                            Fax: (202) 784-9777
                            E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                            Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                            Available from the website.

                            This guide provides an annotated list of resources on the use and application of fluoride varnish, including (1) journal articles; (2) materials on meetings; policy; professional education, tools, and training; public education; and state and local programs; and (3) organizations. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                            Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Disease prevention, Dental care, Fluorides, Directories, Resources for professionals, Bibliographies, Children

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                            Barzel R, Holt K, with the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors' Fluorides Committee. 2010. Fluoride varnish: An effective tool for preventing dental caries. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 4 pp.

                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                            Georgetown University Box 571272
                            Washington, DC 20057-1272

                            Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                            Fax: (202) 784-9777
                            E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                            Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                            Available at no charge; also available from the website. Document Number: OHRC Doc. Code MCH00306.

                            This fact sheet provides information about fluoride varnish and its uses, effectiveness, safety, service delivery, and reimbursement for health professionals and oral health professionals. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                            Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Dental caries, Fluorides, Treatment effectiveness, Product safety, Health services delivery, Reimbursement, Resources for professionals, Children

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                            Memoli JC, Lorentzen M. 2012. [Fones School of Dental Hygiene] History. Bridgeport, CT: University of Bridgeport, 1 v.

                            University of Bridgeport
                            126 Park Avenue
                            Bridgeport, CT 06604

                            Telephone: (800) 392-3582
                            Website: http://www.bridgeport.edu
                            Available from the website.

                            This resource provides information on the first dental hygiene school in the world.

                            Keywords: Oral health, History, Dental hygiene, Dental education, Adults

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                            Mertz E, Grumbach K, MacIntosh L, Coffman J. 2000. Geographic distribution of dentists in California: Dental shortage areas, 1998. San Francisco, CA: Center for California Health Workforce Studies, 56 pp.

                            Center for California Health Workforce Studies
                            University of California, San Francisco 3333 California Street, Suite 410
                            San Francisco, CA 94118

                            Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                            Fax: (415) 476-4113
                            E-mail: jojo@itsa.ucsf.edu
                            Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu/cchws.html
                            Available from the website.

                            This report provides information on the geographic distribution of practicing dentists in California. It highlights areas designated as federal Dental Health Professional Shortage Areas. The report also discusses programs, policy, and legislation in California. The appendices include an explanation of the report methodology, dental shortage area maps, and data about the Medical Service Study Areas.

                            Keywords: Access to health care, Dentists, California, Health policy, Health programs, State legislation, Oral health, Work force, Children, Families, Adults

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                            Pew Charitable Trusts. 2013. Growing the dental workforce: The critical role of community colleges and workforce investment boards. Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts, 16 pp.

                            Pew Charitable Trusts
                            One Commerce Square 2005 Market Street, Suite 1700
                            Philadelphia, PA 19103-7077

                            Telephone: (215) 575-9050
                            Fax: (215) 575-4939
                            E-mail: info@pewtrusts.org
                            Website: http://www.pewtrusts.org
                            Available from the website.

                            This report examines how community colleges and work force investment boards can help to expand the oral health care team, improve access to care, and assesses benefits that can accrue to these institutions. The report also offers guidance on how these institutions can cultivate political and organizational support for new training programs and how they can leverage to begin educating midlevel oral health professionals. Contents include the types and roles of midlevel oral health professionals, advancing and training midlevel oral health professionals, key steps for moving forward, and resources for choosing a new oral health professional.

                            Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Training, Dental education, Access to health care

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                            U.S. Bureau of Primary Health Care. 1998. Health center program expectations. Rockville, MD: U.S. Bureau of Primary Health Care, 41 pp, (BPHC policy information notice: 98-23).

                            Maternal and Child Health Library at Georgetown University
                            Box 571272
                            Washington, DC 20057-1272

                            Telephone: (202) 784-9770
                            Fax: (202) 784-9777
                            E-mail: mchgroup@georgetown.edu
                            Website: http://www.mchlibrary.org
                            Single copies available at no charge.

                            This document describes the U.S Bureau of Primary Health Care's expectations for all health center programs covered under section 330 of the Public Health Service Act as amended by the Health Centers Consolidation Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-299). Topics include mission and strategy, clinical program, governance, and management and finance.

                              Keywords: Legislation, Federal programs, Community health centers, Primary care, Clinic administration, Management, Financing, Health services delivery, Underserved populations, Oral Health

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                              National Network for Oral Health Access. 2011. Health centers and hospital-based dentistry. Denver, CO: National Network for Oral Health Access, 17 pp.

                              National Network for Oral Health Access
                              181 E. 56th Avenue, Suite 501 Denver, CO 80216

                              Telephone: (866) 316-4995
                              Fax: (866) 316-4995
                              E-mail: info@nnoha.org
                              Website: http://www.nnoha.org
                              $8 plus shipping; also available from the website.

                              This paper discusses options for providing oral health services for individuals with complex medical, physical, and psychological conditions and for uncooperative young children. Topics include the burden of disease; indications and options for sedation, general anesthesia, and alternative techniques; developing a health center hospital-based dentistry program; scope of practice and change in scope; engaging partners; recruiting, credentialing, and privileging staff; equipment needs; insurance pre-authorization and case management; quality assurance; and program evaluation. The appendix contains a flowchart of steps to integrate specialty care services.

                              Keywords: Oral health, Children, Adolescents, Adults, Special health care needs, Hospital programs, Dental surgery

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                              U.S. Congress. 1996. Health Centers Consolidation Act of 1996. Public Law 104–299–Oct. 11, 1996. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 21 pp.

                              U.S. Government Printing Office
                              732 North Capitol Street, N.W.
                              Washington, DC 20401

                              Telephone: (202) 512-1800
                              Secondary Telephone: (866) 512-1800
                              Fax: (202) 512-2104
                              E-mail: contactcenter@gpo.gov
                              Website: http://www.gpo.gov
                              Available from the website.

                              This document presents the text of an amendment to Title III of the Public Health Service Act to consolidate and reauthorize provisions relating to health centers.

                              Keywords: Community health centers, Legislation, Federal programs, Oral health, Children

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                              National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity. 2014. Healthy meeting toolkit. Washington, DC: Center for Science in the Public Interest, 32 pp.

                              Center for Science in the Public Interest
                              1220 L Street, N.W., Suite 300
                              Washington, DC 20005

                              Telephone: (202) 332-9110
                              Fax: (202) 265-4954
                              E-mail: cspi@cspinet.org
                              Website: http://www.cspinet.org
                              Available from the website.

                              This toolkit provides guidance for all organizations on creating a culture of health and wellness in meetings and conferences by supporting healthy food and beverage choices, providing physical activity opportunities, requiring a tobacco-free environment, and promoting sustainability. Topics include menus, cooking techniques, making healthy choices easier, swappable items and portion sizes, calorie and serving cards, food safety, physical activity tips, integrating exercise equipment into meetings, holding meetings in smoke-free cities, tobacco-free and smoke-free definitions and policy, and sustainability tips. The appendices contain nutrition standards, a sample request for proposals, and a healthy meeting pledge.

                              Keywords: Nutrition, Physical activity, Meetings, Guidelines, Organizational change

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                              Crespin M, Frazer T, Murphy MK, Okunseri C, Ordians K, Post AC, Willis E. 2007. Healthy teeth = healthy kids: A plan to improve the oral health of Milwaukee children. Milwaukee, WI: Children's Health Alliance of Wisconsin, 37 pp.

                              Center for Urban Population Health
                              1020 North 12th Street, Suite 4180
                              MIlwaukee, WI 53233

                              Telephone: (414) 219-5100
                              Fax: (414) 219-6563
                              Website: http://www.cuph.org
                              Available from the website.

                              This document serves as a blueprint for local and state action to improve the oral health care of children in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Topics include the cause for concern, the development process, and the community's role. Recommendations are provided for reducing the proportion of children in Milwaukee with urgent oral health needs, increasing the capacity of clinics and private practices to treat uninsured and Medicaid populations, increasing the number of children who have access to school-based oral health programs, and making the assessment of children's oral health a more integral part of overall health supervision. Appendices include a summary of focus group results, a model and budget for school-based oral health teams, an inventory of oral health services and programs serving children in Milwaukee, data on Milwaukee Medicaid utilization, and a fee schedule comparison.

                              Keywords: Oral health, Children, Underserved communities, Access to health care, School health programs, Community role, Work force, Local initiatives, Wisconsin, Strategic plans, Program descriptions

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                              Pew Center on the States, National Academy for State Health Policy. 2009. Help wanted: A policy maker's guide to new dental providers. Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts, 2 v.

                              Pew Charitable Trusts
                              One Commerce Square 2005 Market Street, Suite 1700
                              Philadelphia, PA 19103-7077

                              Telephone: (215) 575-9050
                              Fax: (215) 575-4939
                              E-mail: info@pewtrusts.org
                              Website: http://www.pewtrusts.org
                              Available from the website.

                              This report presents findings from a literature review and interviews with experts about three proposals for new oral health professional types: dental therapists, community oral health coordinators, and advanced dental hygiene practitioners. Topics include research needed to develop a new oral health professional type, options for new oral health professionals, implementation steps for developing new provider models, and tools for work force development. An issue brief is also available.

                              Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dentists, Public health dentists, Dental hygienists

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                              U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2011. HHS action plan to reduce health disparities: A nation free of disparities in health and in health care. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 46 pp.

                              U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
                              200 Independence Avenue, S.W.
                              Washington, DC 20201

                              Telephone: (202) 619-0257
                              Secondary Telephone: (877) 696-6775
                              Website: http://www.hhs.gov
                              Available from the website.

                              This action plan, which complements the 2011 National Stakeholder Strategy for Achieving Healthy Equity, provides an overview of racial and ethnic health disparities in the United States and presents the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service’s (DHHS’s) approach for reducing health disparities and achieving health equity. The action plan discusses new opportunities; the plan’s vision, purpose, and priorities; and goals. Goals include strengthening the health and human services infrastructure and work force; advancing health, safety, and well-being; advancing scientific knowledge and innovation; and increasing efficiency, transparency, and accountability of DHHS programs.

                              Keywords: Health, Racial factors, Ethnic factors, Economic factors, Health services, Work force, Safety, Low income groups, Federal programs, Health status disparities, Oral health, Children

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                              MacLaury J. 1988. History of the Department of Labor, 1913-1988. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.

                              U.S. Department of Labor, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management
                              Frances Perkins Building, Suite S-2203 200 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
                              Washington, DC 20210

                              Telephone: (866) 487-2365
                              E-mail: contact-OASAM@dol.gov
                              Website: http://www.dol.gov/oasam
                              Available from the website.

                              This resource documents the history of the U.S. Department of Labor for the period 1913-1988. Contents are presented in nine chapters by era as follows: the start-up of the department and World War I, the 1920s and the start of the Depression, the department in the New Deal and World War II, the post-war era and Korean War mobilization, the Eisenhower Administration, eras of the New Frontier and the Great Society, the Nixon and Ford Administrations, the Carter Administration, and the Reagan Administration.

                              Keywords: Work force, History, Federal agencies, Adults

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                              U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps. 2011. History: Commissioned Corps timeline. Washington, DC: U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, 1 v.

                              U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps
                              1101 Wootton Parkway
                              Washington, DC 20852

                              Telephone: (800) 279-1605
                              Website: http://www.usphs.gov
                              Available from the website.

                              This resource presents a timeline of the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, from 1798 to date.

                              Keywords: Public health, Federal programs, History, Oral health

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                              Ohio Department of Health, Bureau of Oral Health Services. [2007]. [How can Head Start staff, dental professionals, and child health advocates and policymakers help?]. Columbus, OH: Ohio Department of Health, Bureau of Oral Health Services, 2 pp.

                              Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program
                              246 North High Street
                              Columbus, OH 43215

                              Telephone: (614) 466-4180
                              Fax: (614) 564-2421
                              E-mail: BCHS@odh.ohio.gov
                              Website: http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/ohs/oral/oral1.aspx
                              Available from the website.

                              This brochure provides tips for improving the oral health of children enrolled in Head Start. It presents information about Head Start along with information about oral health status and service needs among children in Head Start in Ohio.

                              Keywords: Oral health, Infants, Young children, Early Head Start, Head Start, Access to health care, Health services, Dental care, Work force, Resources for professionals

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                              Iowa Department of Public Health, Oral Health Bureau. 2011. I-Smile Dental Home Initiative. Des Moines, IA: Iowa Department of Public Health, Oral Health Bureau, 2 pp.

                              Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems
                              Lucas State Office Building 321 East 12th Street
                              Des Moines, IA 50319-0075

                              Telephone: (515) 242-6383
                              Secondary Telephone: (866) 528-4020
                              Fax: (515) 242-6384
                              Website: http://www.idph.state.ia.us/OHDS/OralHealth.aspx
                              Available from the website.

                              This document describes Iowa’s I-Smile Dental Home Initiative, which offers preventive oral health services and arranges oral health care for children at risk for dental caries. Topics include families’ oral health concerns, prevention services and treatment costs, successful interventions, and policy recommendations for maintaining and improving oral health in Iowa. The recommendations address systems of care, reimbursement, and work force models.

                              Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Dental care, Disease prevention, Access to health care, Public policy, State initiatives, Iowa, Children

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                              Illinois Department of Public Health, Division of Oral Health. 2006. Illinois dental workforce census report 2006. Springfield, IL: Illinois Department of Public Health, Division of Oral Health, 22 pp.

                              Illinois Department of Public Health, Division of Oral Health
                              535 West Jefferson Street, Second Floor
                              Springfield, IL 62761

                              Telephone: (217) 782-4977
                              Secondary Telephone: (800) 547-0466
                              Fax: (217) 782-3987
                              Website: http://www.idph.state.il.us/HealthWellness/oralhlth/home.htm
                              Available from the website.

                              This report presents the results of a survey of clinically active dentists and dental hygienists in Illinois to determine workforce levels and distribution statewide. Contents include data interpretation, characteristics of Illinois dentists and dental hygienists, and other observations. Extensive statistical data is included in tables and figures, as well as survey questionnaires.

                              Keywords: Oral health, Work force, State surveys, Trends, Illinois, Statistical data, Questionnaires, Adults

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                              Institute of Medicine, Committee on Oral Health Access to Services and National Research Council. 2011. Improving access to oral health care for vulnerable and underserved populations. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 279 pp, brief (4 pp).

                              National Academies Press
                              500 Fifth Street, N.W., Keck 360
                              Washington, DC 20001

                              Telephone: (202) 334-3313
                              Secondary Telephone: (888) 624-8373
                              Fax: (202) 334-2451
                              E-mail: customer_service@nap.edu
                              Website: http://www.nap.edu
                              $49.00 plus shipping and handling; also available from the website. Document Number: ISBN 978-0-309-20946-5.

                              This report examines the scope and consequences of inadequate access to oral health services in the United States and recommends ways to combat the economic, structural, geographic, and cultural factors that prevent access to regular, high-quality care. Topics include changing funding and reimbursement for oral health care; expanding the oral health work force by training doctors, nurses, and other health professionals to recognize risk for oral diseases; revamping regulatory, educational, and administrative practices; and incorporating oral health care into overall health care.

                              Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Cultural factors, Economic factors, Geographic factors, Public health infrastructure, Quality assurance, Financing, Reimbursement, Work force, Training, Administrative policy, Children, Adolescents, Families

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                              Spisak S, Holt K, Mayer R, Rossetti J. 1998. Improving children's access to oral health services: The oral health initiative. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2(4):261-264, 4 pp.

                              Springer
                              233 Spring Street
                              New York, NY 10013

                              Telephone: (212) 460-1572
                              Fax: (212) 620-8442
                              E-mail: victoria.enever@springer.com
                              Website: http://www.springer.com
                              Contact for cost information.

                              This journal article describes activities of the federal Oral Health Initiative to strengthen service-delivery systems, enhance collaboration among federal agencies, and provide states with the resources needed to improve the oral health of children from minority groups and those from families with low incomes, including children with special health care needs. Activities to enhance programs, services, and training are discussed. Topics include expanding the number of direct-service dental programs, establishing or enhancing graduate training programs in pediatric and general dentistry and in dental public health, and funding training programs in dentistry to train dental public health leaders.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Children, Access to health care, Service delivery systems, State Children's Health Insurance Program, Medicaid managed care, Federal initiatives

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                                Gehshan S, Wyatt M. 2007. Improving oral health care for young children. Portland, ME: National Academy for State Health Policy, 36 pp.

                                National Academy for State Health Policy
                                10 Free Street, Second Floor
                                Portland, ME 04101

                                Telephone: (207) 874-6524
                                Secondary Telephone: (202) 903-0101
                                Fax: (207) 874-6527
                                E-mail: info@nashp.org
                                Website: http://www.nashp.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This report focuses on financing and work force challenges, describes promising models of care, and discusses options for policymakers seeking to improve access to oral health care for young children. Selected topics include the need for care for young children; Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment Medicaid dental services for children; public health measures; and examples of promising models of care in Washington, Michigan, and North Carolina. The report concludes with a discussion of policy options at the federal, state, community, and organization levels for improving oral health for young children. A state-by-state table of dental benefits in non-Medicaid State Children's Health Insurance Programs is included as an appendix. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                Keywords: Oral health, Young children, Child health services, Access to health care, EPSDT, State Children's Health Insurance Program, Financing, Work force, Model programs

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                                Brunson D. 2012. Improving the oral health of Colorado's children. [Denver, CO:] The Colorado Trust, Caring for Colorado Foundation, Delta Dental of Colorado Foundation, 8 pp.

                                Oral Health Colorado
                                Telephone: (303) 258-3339
                                E-mail: deborah@oralhealthcolorado.org
                                Website: http://www.oralhealthcolorado.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This issue brief presents oral health data for children in Colorado, state responses to children's oral health needs, best practices, and next steps. Topics include the causes of oral disease, prevention and public health strategies such as community water fluoridation and school-based dental sealant programs, legislation, access to oral health care, provider shortage, educating children and families, and accomplishments.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Children, Health status, Barriers, Prevention programs, State initiatives, Colorado

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                                American Dental Education Association President's Commission. 2003. Improving the oral health status of all Americans: Roles and responsibilities of academic dental institutions. Washington, DC: American Dental Education Association, President's Commission, 22 pp.

                                American Dental Education Association
                                1400 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100
                                Washington, DC 20005-2415

                                Telephone: (202) 289-7201
                                Fax: (202) 289-7204
                                Website: http://www.adea.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This report describes the results of the American Dental Education Association President's Commission meeting of national experts to explore the roles and responsibilities of academic dental institutions in improving the oral health status of Americans. The report is organized around the following themes: (1) identifying barriers to oral health care; (2) guiding principles for academic dental institutions; (3) anticipating workforce needs; (4) the patient care mission of academic dental institutions; (5) improving access through a diverse workforce; (6) removing barriers to achieving a more diverse workforce; and (7) types of oral health providers. The report also provides recommendations in five different areas with the purpose of focusing academic dentistry on a common set of strategies to improve the oral health of all Americans, especially the underserved.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Dental education, Professional education, Dental schools, Barriers, Access to health care, Cultural diversity, Strategic plans

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                                Pew State and Consumer Initiatives. 2013. In search of dental care: Two types of dentist shortages limit children's access to care. Washington, DC: Pew State and Consumer Initiatives, 15 pp.

                                Pew State and Consumer Initiatives
                                901 E Street, N.W.
                                Washington, DC 20004-2008

                                Telephone: (202) 552-2000
                                Fax: (202) 552-2299
                                E-mail: pcs-feedback@pewtrusts.org
                                Website: http://www.pewstates.org
                                Available from the web site.

                                This report examines lack of access to oral health care in the United States, especially for families with low incomes. It also explores strategies states are employing—particularly expanding oral health teams by licensing additional types of health professionals—to address work force shortages and serve children.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Children, Low income groups, Work force, State initiatives

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                                Borchgrevink A, Snyder A, Gehshan S. 2008. Increasing access to dental care in Medicaid: Does raising provider rates work?. Oakland, CA: California HealthCare Foundation, 6 pp, plus 36 printed slides, (Issue brief).

                                California HealthCare Foundation
                                1438 Webster Street, Suite 400
                                Oakland, CA 94612

                                Telephone: (510) 238-1040
                                Fax: (510) 238-1388
                                Website: http://www.chcf.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This issue brief examines the results of state efforts to increase Medicaid rates for dentists, while also overhauling administrative processes and working to forge stronger ties with oral health professionals and other stakeholders. Topics include the results of the reforms and whether states' efforts to improve administration and outreach mattered as much as the rate increases in improving access to Medicaid dental care. Background research and conclusions, the importance of reimbursement, events leading to state Medicaid reforms, and the circumstances surrounding California's reform efforts are discussed. Tables present selected state-level data on dental reforms and their effects on service use and provider participation; changes in Medicaid dental payments and utilization; and Medicaid fee-for-service reimbursement rates for dental examinations.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Health care reform, Reimbursement, Administrative policy, Provider networks, Provider participation, Utilization review, State programs, Medicaid, California, Statistical data, Children

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                                Children's Dental Health Project. 2011. Increasing access to dental care through public private partnerships: Contracting between private dentists and federally qualified health centers—An FQHC handbook. Washington, DC: Children's Dental Health Project, 32 pp.

                                Children's Dental Health Project
                                1020 19th Street, N.W., Suite 400
                                Washington, DC 20036

                                Telephone: (202) 833-8288
                                Fax: (202) 331-1432
                                E-mail: info@cdhp.org
                                Website: http://www.cdhp.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This handbook explains the contracting opportunities available to dentists and federally qualified health center (FQHC) administrators as well as the process for engaging these opportunities. It provides a step-by-step decision chart for establishing and implementing contractual arrangements that meet federal rules and policy. Topics include sources of funding for oral health care; rate setting for the purchase of contracted services; service locations and policies and procedures; payment mechanisms and scope of contracted services; billing clients, Medicaid, and other third parties; risks; accountability; roles for federal and state agencies; alternative arrangements; and technical assistance. A model contract, a decision flow chart, and a model oral health services agreement are also included.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Service delivery, Health care financing, Administration, Federal programs, Health policy, Public private partnerships, Manuals, Children

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                                U.S. Indian Health Service. n.d. Indian health manual. Rockville, MD: U.S. Indian Health Service, 1 v.

                                U.S. Indian Health Service
                                The Reyes Building 801 Thompson Avenue, Suite 400
                                Rockville, MD 20852

                                Telephone: (301) 443-1083
                                Secondary Telephone: (301) 443-6394
                                Website: http://www.ihs.gov
                                Available from the website.

                                This manual is the reference for Indian Health Service (IHS) employees regarding IHS-specific policy and procedural instructions. The manual comprises policies, procedures, and operating standards specific and unique to IHS administrative and program operations. Additional content includes IHS circulars, special memorandums, general administration manual, delegations of authority, transmittal notices, organizational charts, and functional statements.

                                Keywords: Federal agencies, Administrative policy, Standards, Manuals, Oral health

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                                National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Oral Health. 2011. Infrastructure development tools (upd. ed.). Atlanta, GA: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Oral Health.

                                National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Oral Health
                                Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30333

                                Telephone: (800) 232-4636
                                Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
                                E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
                                Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
                                Available from the website.

                                These resources are designed to help state-oral-health-program directors plan, develop, implement, and evaluate oral-health-promotion and disease-prevention efforts. Each component describes a key element of an effective oral health program. Topics include staffing, management, and support; data collection and surveillance, the state oral health plan, partnerships and coalitions, school-based and school-linked dental sealant programs, community-water-fluoridation programs, policy development, evaluation, and program collaboration.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Public health infrastructure, State programs, Program development, Program evaluation, Disease prevention, Health promotion

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                                Carver L, Cheung K, Revels M, Dawkins-Lyn N, Krol D. 2013. Innovations that address socioeconomic, cultural, and geographic barriers to preventive oral health care. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 31 pp, (Synthesis report).

                                Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
                                Route One and College Road, East, P.O. Box 2316
                                Princeton, NJ 08543

                                Telephone: (877) 843-7953
                                Fax:
                                Website: http://www.rwjf.org
                                Available from the web site.

                                This report focuses on oral health innovations that integrate service delivery and work force models to reduce or eliminate socioeconomic, geographic, and cultural barriers to care. Topics include implementing multiple strategies to increase the number of children from families with low incomes who access preventive care and also to engage families and communities in investing in and prioritizing oral health.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Children, Low income groups, Service integration, Work force, Socioeconomic factors, Geographic barriers, Cultural barriers, Access to health care, Prevention services, Attitudes, Model programs

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                                Robinson LA, Krol DM. 2014. Interprofessional education and practice: Moving toward collaborative patient-centered care [Part one]. Journal of the California Dental Association 42(1):1-70.

                                California Dental Association
                                1201 K Street, 14th Floor
                                Sacramento, CA 95814

                                Telephone: (800) 232-7645
                                E-mail: contactcda@cda.org
                                Website: http://www.cda.org
                                Available from the website.

                                [in process] The issue addresses some of the challenges and opportunities of interprofessional education and practice for the profession of dentistry. Topics include the roles of federal legislation and evolving health care systems in promoting medical-dental collaboration, integrating oral and overall health care, efforts to develop infrastructure for medical-dental integration, the impact of the marketplace and emerging concepts on dental practice, and an interprofessional model for dental and nursing education. This is the first of three issues dedicated to interprofessional education (IPE) and practice.

                                Keywords: Interdisciplinary approach, Health care delivery, Health care systems, Service integration, Professional education, Models, Dentistry, Nursing, Collaboration, Trends, Barriers

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                                Robinson LA, Krol DM. 2014. Interprofessional education and practice: Moving toward collaborative patient-centered care–Part three. Journal of the California Dental Association 42(9):671-734.

                                California Dental Association
                                1201 K Street, 14th Floor
                                Sacramento, CA 95814

                                Telephone: (800) 232-7645
                                E-mail: contactcda@cda.org
                                Website: http://www.cda.org
                                Available from the website.

                                [in process] This issue summarizes the major drivers bringing dentistry and medicine closer together, the consequences of the separation of the two professions, and progress toward their integration. The issue also discusses the importance of health profession leadership in advancing oral health care within the evolving health care system. This is the third of three issues dedicated to interprofessional education (IPE) and practice.

                                Keywords: Interdisciplinary approach, Health care delivery, Dentistry, Medicine, Collaboration, Service integration, Leadership

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                                Robinson LA, Krol DM. 2014. Interprofessional education and practice: Moving toward collaborative patient-centered care–Part two. Journal of the California Dental Association 42(9):595-666.

                                California Dental Association
                                1201 K Street, 14th Floor
                                Sacramento, CA 95814

                                Telephone: (800) 232-7645
                                E-mail: contactcda@cda.org
                                Website: http://www.cda.org
                                Available from the website.

                                [in process] This issue povides a synopsis of panel proceedings from the Conference on Interprofessional Education and Practice: Creating a Vision for the Dentist of the Future, held on February 3–4, 2014, in San Francisco, CA. The issue also addresses efforts to build collaborative practice skills, lessons learned from the development and practice of craniofacial teams, and interprofessional practice and accountability. This is the second of three issues dedicated to interprofessional education (IPE) and practice.

                                Keywords: Interdisciplinary approach, Health care delivery, Dentistry, Collaboration, Teamwork, Accountability, Conference proceedings

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                                Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry. 2013. Interprofessional education: Tenth annual report to the Secretary of the US Department of Health and Human Services and to Congress. Rockville, MD: U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration, 27 pp.

                                U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration
                                Parklawn Building 5600 Fishers Lane
                                Rockville, MD 20857

                                Telephone: (888) 275-4772
                                Secondary Telephone: (877) 464-4772
                                Fax: (301) 443-1246
                                E-mail: ask@hrsa.gov
                                Website: http://www.hrsa.gov
                                Available from the website.

                                This report presents background and recommendations for an educational strategy to train health professionals in collaborative, team-based care to enhance client's experience of care (quality, access, and reliability), improve the population's health, and reduce the per capita cost of care. Topics include collaborative interprofessional education and training, assessment and evaluation, institutional leadership for interprofessional education, integration of oral health services and general health services, and policy development.

                                Keywords: Interdisciplinary approach, Collaboration, Teamwork, Patient care teams, Multidisciplinary teams, Professional education, Medicine, Dentistry, Training, Federal initiatives

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                                Santoro KL, Speedling CM. 2012. Investing in the future health care workforce. Washington, DC: National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation, 11 pp, (NIHCM Foundation issue brief).

                                National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation
                                1225 19th Street, N.W., Suite 710
                                Washington, DC 20036

                                Telephone: (202) 296-4426
                                Fax: (202) 296-4319
                                E-mail: http://www.nihcm.org/contact
                                Website: http://www.nihcm.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This issue brief summarizes factors impacting the health care work force and highlights health-plan-foundation efforts to ensure that a stable number of physicians and other health professionals continue to practice in their communities. Topics include training opportunities for dentists and support for community dental clinics. The brief concludes by examining opportunities for foundations to impact the supply of health professionals and access to health care in the future. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                Keywords: Work force, Access to health care, Public health infrastructure, Community based services, Health insurance, Foundations

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                                Witgert KE, Hess C. 2012. Issues and policy options in sustaining a safety net infrastructure to meet the health care needs of vulnerable populations. Portland, OR: National Academy for State Health Policy, 33 pp.

                                National Academy for State Health Policy
                                10 Free Street, Second Floor
                                Portland, ME 04101

                                Telephone: (207) 874-6524
                                Secondary Telephone: (202) 903-0101
                                Fax: (207) 874-6527
                                E-mail: info@nashp.org
                                Website: http://www.nashp.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This report addresses the roles of health professionals working in safety net programs in implementing the Affordable Care Act. The report discusses the work force and financing infrastructure that needs to be in place to support a sustainable safety net for vulnerable populations. Recommendations for state and federal policymakers are included.

                                Keywords: Health care reform, Policy development, Work force, Financing

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                                Pew Children's Dental Campaign. 2010. It takes a team: How new dental providers can benefit patients and practices. Washington, DC: Pew Center on the States, 4 items.

                                Pew State and Consumer Initiatives
                                901 E Street, N.W.
                                Washington, DC 20004-2008

                                Telephone: (202) 552-2000
                                Fax: (202) 552-2299
                                E-mail: pcs-feedback@pewtrusts.org
                                Website: http://www.pewstates.org
                                Available from the website.

                                This report examines the potential effects of dental therapists and hygienist-therapists on the productivity and profits of private dental practices. Contents include scenarios of how types of health professionals could change client capacity and revenues of private practices. Contents include scenarios of how types of health professionals could change client capacity and revenues of private practices. Implications for policy are also discussed. The economic tool – the Productivity and Profit Calculator – used to create the scenarios is provided separately to help advocates, dentists, and policymakers assess the unique variables from their states or communities to better understand the potential effects of adding allied health professionals to the oral health team.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dentists, Dental hygienists, Allied health personnel, Economics, Productivity, Organizational change, Independent practice associates

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                                Kimminau K, Wellever AL, Ness ML. 2009. Kansas 2009 oral health workforce assessment. Topeka, KS: Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Oral Health, 59 pp.

                                Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Oral Health
                                Curtis State Office Building 1000 S.W. Jackson Street, Suite 200
                                Topeka, KS 66612-1274

                                Telephone: (785) 296-5116
                                Website: http://www.kdheks.gov/ohi
                                Available from the website.

                                This report presents findings from a project to collect data about dental practices and to solicit community input about the dental workforce and access to oral health care in Kansas. Topics include the state oral health plan, dental education and recruitment strategies, and workforce assessment. Contents include an overview; the survey data report, which includes findings from studies of Extended Care Permit dental hygienists and primary care and pediatric dentists; and a report on conducting statewide focus groups on the dental workforce. The report is complemented with a DVD summary of the community input.

                                Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dental hygienists, Dentists, Needs assessment, Data, State surveys, Statewide planning, Kansas, Children

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                                Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Office of Oral Health and Oral Health Kansas. 2007. Kansas oral health plan. Topeka, KS: Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Office of Oral Health and Oral Health Kansas, 48 pp, exec summ (1 p); 1 CD-ROM.

                                Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Oral Health
                                Curtis State Office Building 1000 S.W. Jackson Street, Suite 200
                                Topeka, KS 66612-1274

                                Telephone: (785) 296-5116
                                Website: http://www.kdheks.gov/ohi
                                Single copies available at no charge.

                                This plan describes a framework for programming that is intended to create a unified vision for improved oral health outcomes across Kansas. The plan outlines objectives for the oral health work force, financing oral health care for underserved populations, community and public health, and children's oral health. Additional topics include encouraging health professional participation in areas with insufficient oral health services; increasing access to oral health services by using non-traditional delivery models; improving Kansas-based oral health education; creating and sustaining dental hubs; improving the state oral health program; supporting charitable oral health care; increasing awareness about the importance of oral health, including oral health in statewide tobacco initiatives; targeting specific populations in the state; and improving children's oral health by developing a screening program in Kansas schools. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Children, Access to care, Health care financing, Work force, Provider participation, Underserved communities, State initiatives, Kansas, CD-ROMs

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                                  Peterson MR, Williams JN, Mundt C. 2007. Kentucky dental provider workforce: 1998-2006. Louisville, KY: University of Louisville Health Sciences Center, 31 pp.

                                  Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services
                                  Office of the Secretary 275 East Main Street
                                  Frankfort, KY 40621

                                  Telephone: (800) 372-2973
                                  Secondary Telephone: (800) 627-4702
                                  Website: http://chfs.ky.gov
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This report presents findings from a study to quantify and forecast dental work force needs at state and local levels in Kentucky. The study analyzed data from the Kentucky Board of Dentistry for the period 1998-2006 and from a 2005 questionnaire asking dentists about various practice aspects. Contents include an introduction and background, the study purpose and methodology, and a discussion of the data analysis and results. Figures and tables are presented throughout the document. Conclusions, study limitations, and recommendations are included. The appendix contains a copy of the 2005 Kentucky Licensed Dentist Workforce Survey. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, Work force, Data collection, Data analysis, State surveys, Trends, Kentucky, Questionnaires, Children

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                                  Cecil J. 2007. Kentucky oral health collaborative systems grant: Final report. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Department for Public Health, Oral Health Program, 17 pp.

                                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This final report summarizes Kentucky's efforts to improve the oral health of the state's population with funding from the State Oral Health Collaborative Systems grant program for the period September 1, 2004, to August 31, 2007. The report is divided into the following sections: introduction, purpose, goals, progress toward goals, Kentucky oral health program staff changes, presentations, impact, partnerships, considerations for improvement, non-federal funding support, and materials and publications. Selected topics include developing and implementing a 5-year oral health strategic plan and a child oral health surveillance system and developing a supply and demand dental work force study for Kentucky. The Kentucky Strategic Plan is included as an appendix. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Statewide planning, Strategic plans, Program descriptions, Public private partnerships, Population surveillance, Work force, Kentucky, Systems development, Final reports, Children

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                                  Lysak KH, Gardner K, Edwards JN. 2001. Kids and dental providers in Georgia: The gap between demand and supply. [Atlanta, GA]: Georgia Health Policy Center, 21 pp.

                                  Georgia Health Policy Center
                                  Georgia State University P.O. Box 3992
                                  Atlanta, GA 30302-3992

                                  Telephone: (404) 413-0314
                                  Fax: (404) 413-0316
                                  E-mail: ghpc@gsu.edu
                                  Website: http://ghpc.gsu.edu
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This report provides a snapshot of dental access for low-income children in Georgia. The report illustrates how dental access issues differ in different parts of the state, describes the development of strategies for improving access, and provides a baseline to measure future progress. The report includes a review of demand and supply for dental services, a key to terminology and sources of data, and an extensive statistical table providing information on the low income population and dental resources by district. Two maps illustrate the percent of dental visits made outside of the enrollee's resident county and the Georgia dental public health districts.

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Access to health care, Children, Service delivery, Provider participation, Underserved populations, Georgia, Low income groups, Statistics, Surveys

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                                  Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs. 2014. Life course indicators online tool. Washington, DC: Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs, multiple items.

                                  Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs
                                  2030 M Street, N.W., Suite 350
                                  Washington, DC 20036

                                  Telephone: (202) 775-0436
                                  Fax: (202) 775-0061
                                  E-mail: info@amchp.org
                                  Website: http://www.amchp.org
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This resource presents a standardized set of indicators that can be applied to measure progress using the life course approach to improve maternal and child health. The set of life course indicators is organized by category, data source, and domain. For each indicator, the resource includes details such as a brief description, numerator, denominator, data source, similar measures in other indicator sets, and national comparison data. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                  Keywords: Life course, Social indicators, Measures, Data sources, MCH programs, Program improvement

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                                  Maine Dental Access Coalition. 2007. Maine oral health improvement plan: A framework for the improvement of state and local policies for oral health. Augusta, ME: Maine Dental Access Coalition, 24 pp.

                                  Maine Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health Program
                                  11 State House Station Key Plaza, Fifth Floor
                                  Augusta, ME 04333

                                  E-mail: judith.a.feinstein@maine.gov
                                  Website: http://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/odh/
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This plan provides a framework for the improvement of state and local policies for oral health and increased public awareness of the connection between oral health and overall health and well-being. The plan is organized into the following four action areas: (1) change perception and increase awareness, (2) increase prevention and expand access, (3) improve service delivery, and (4) expand the dental work force. Each action area is summarized by a guiding principle and introduced by a discussion of background issues and challenges. Within each action area, a number of goals and corresponding strategies are identified. A glossary and guidelines for state and territorial oral health programs are included. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Strategic plans, Statewide planning, Maine, Program improvement, Health policy, Public health education, Access to health care, Disease prevention, Service delivery systems, Work force, Children

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                                  Grantmakers in Health. 2011. Making the connection: Pregnancy and oral health. Washington, DC: Grantmakers In Health, 2 pp, (Issue focus).

                                  Grantmakers In Health
                                  1100 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 1200
                                  Washington, DC 20036-4101

                                  Telephone: (202) 452-8331
                                  Fax: (202) 452-8340
                                  Website: http://www.gih.org
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This issue brief discusses the connections between women’s oral health, pregnancy, and infant and child health. The brief also addresses national and state initiatives to support oral health care during pregnancy and improve the oral health of young children from families with low incomes.[Note: This brief quotes without citation: "An association has been found between periodontal disease in pregnant women and adverse birth outcomes, including low birth weight, preterm birth, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. In fact, 18 percent of low-birth weight and preterm births may be attributable to periodontal disease."]

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Women, Infants, Young children, Low income groups, Pregnancy, Dental care, Disease prevention, Financing, National initiatives, State initiatives

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                                  Kimminau K, Wellever A. 2011. Mapping the rural Kansas dental workforce: Implications for population oral health. Topeka, KS: Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Oral Health, 40 pp.

                                  Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Oral Health
                                  Curtis State Office Building 1000 S.W. Jackson Street, Suite 200
                                  Topeka, KS 66612-1274

                                  Telephone: (785) 296-5116
                                  Website: http://www.kdheks.gov/ohi
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This report describes a shortage of primary care dentists and Extended Care Permit dental hygienists in certain rural areas of Kansas, taking into account where people live, how they travel, and where professionals practice. The report maps oral health professional coverage and identifies gaps in coverage. A summary of key findings to inform oral-health-work-force policy is included.

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Work force, State surveys, Kansas, Rural population, State initiatives, Access to health care, Statistical data

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                                  Levy D. 2013. Maryland public health dental hygiene act: Impact study. Baltimore, MD: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Oral Health, 55 pp.

                                  Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Oral Health
                                  201 West Preston Street, Third Floor
                                  Baltimore, MD 21201

                                  Telephone: (410) 767-5300
                                  Secondary Telephone: (877) 463-3464
                                  Fax: (410) 333-7392
                                  E-mail: dhmh.oralhealth@maryland.gov
                                  Website: http://fha.dhmh.maryland.gov/oralhealth/SitePages/Home.aspx
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This report evaluates the Maryland Public Health Dental Hygiene Act of 2008 permiting public health dental hygienists to provide any procedure allowed under the scope of practice for dental hygienists in public health settings without an examination by a dentist and without having a dentist on site. Topics include changes in scope of work, extent to which more children are receiving preventive services, extent to which more people are able to access and receive oral health care; what factors have facilitated or created barriers to implementing the act, and what written internal policies have been created related to the act.

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Public health dental hygienists, State initiatives, Access to health care, Barriers, Maryland, Work force

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                                  Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health. 2010. Massachusetts community health center dental program directory. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health, 47 pp.

                                  Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Division of Primary Care and Health Access, Office of Oral Health
                                  250 Washington Street Boston, MA 02108

                                  Telephone: (617) 624-6060
                                  Secondary Telephone: (617) 624-5992
                                  Fax: (617) 624-6062
                                  Website: http://www.mass.gov/dph/oralhealth
                                  Available from the website.

                                  This directory lists community health center dental programs in Massachusetts to help improve access for residents who may have difficulty obtaining oral health services. It provides information specific to each program including location, telephone number, website, language spoken, hours of operation, whether the program is accepting new clients, services, and population served. The directory also include information on the state health insurance program (MassHealth) and dental terminology (anatomy, problems, procedures and treatments, and personnel).

                                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Preventive health services, Community health services, Community health centers, State programs, Massachusetts, Children

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                                  Oral Health Collaborative of Massachusetts. 2006. Massachusetts oral health report: Mapping access to oral health care in Massachusetts–A report of the Oral Health Collaborative of Massachusetts. Boston, MA: Catalyst Institute, 19 pp.

                                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                  Available at no charge.

                                  This report provides information about the location of oral health professionals in Massachusetts. Content includes calculations and maps of the dentist to population ratio at the city/town zip code levels, along with estimates of the U.S. population for the same timeframe. Data is presented on the number of dentists overall, and the number of MassHealth (Medicaid) dentists, by city/town. Data on the distribution of dental specialists, pediatric dentists, and oral surgeons is also provided. The report concludes with a discussion of implications and solutions.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Work force, State surveys, Statistics, Massachusetts

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                                    Pew Center on the States, Children's Dental Health Initiative. 2009. Mid-level dental care professionals: Proven and effective (rev. ed.). Washington, DC: Pew Center on the States, 2 pp.

                                    Pew State and Consumer Initiatives
                                    901 E Street, N.W.
                                    Washington, DC 20004-2008

                                    Telephone: (202) 552-2000
                                    Fax: (202) 552-2299
                                    E-mail: pcs-feedback@pewtrusts.org
                                    Website: http://www.pewstates.org
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This document describes ways in which states are considering creating new oral health professionals similar to nurse practitioners and physician assistants. Topics include increasing access to oral health care in underserved areas; success in preventing oral emergencies; quality of care, competency, and safety; and attitudes among dentists.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Access to health care, State initiatives, Professional training

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                                    Minnesota Head Start Association, Minnesota Dental Association, Minnesota Dental Hygienists' Association, Apple Tree Dental, and Pfeffer M. 2008. Minnesota community collaborative practice Head Start oral health model: A strong start and guide for the future. Duluth, MN: Minnesota Head Start Association, 4 pp.

                                    Minnesota Head Start Association
                                    904 Valley Drive
                                    Duluth, MN 55804

                                    Telephone: (218) 728-1091
                                    E-mail: info@mnheadstart.org
                                    Website: http://www.mnheadstart.org
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This document describes an evaluation of Minnesota’s effort to increase Office of Head Start program performance standards compliance related to oral health by expanding the role of allied professionals. The evaluation examined the impact of implementation on Head Start grantees, dentists, and collaborative practice dental hygienists. Contents include information on Head Start program performance standards data in Minnesota compared with national data, a timeline of policies and regulations, evaluation methods, key findings, and conclusions and recommendations.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Head Start, Prevention services, Work force, Model programs, State initiatives, Minnesota, Statistical data, Children

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                                    Minnesota Department of Health, Oral Health Program. 2011. Minnesota plan to reduce oral disease and achieve oral health for all Minnesotans: 2011-2020 [draft]. [St. Paul, MN]: Minnesota Department of Health, Oral Health Program, 49 pp, exec summ (19 pp).

                                    Minnesota Department of Health
                                    P.O. Box 64975
                                    St. Paul, MN 55164-0975

                                    Telephone: (651) 201-5000
                                    Secondary Telephone: (888) 345-0823
                                    Website: http://www.health.state.mn.us
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This draft strategic plan for Minnesota discusses the need for increased prevention efforts as well as the importance of public health surveillance to target areas of greatest need, resource allocation, and increased capacity. Contents include a review of the burden of oral disease in the state, risk behaviors and community-based prevention strategies, and state partnerships and collaboration. The plan also discusses plan development, an outline of the logic model, the vision for Minnesota oral health, goals and objectives, and suggested strategies.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Strategic plans, Minnesota, State initiatives, Public health, Children, Adults

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                                    Sullivan Commission on Diversity in the Healthcare Workforce. 2004. Missing persons: Minorities in the health professions. Durham, NC: Duke University School of Medicine, Sullivan Commission, 201 pp.

                                    Sullivan Commission
                                    Duke University School of Medicine 3100 Tower Boulevard, Suite 1317
                                    Durham, NC 27707

                                    Telephone: (919) 419-2121
                                    Fax: (919) 419-2122
                                    E-mail: docke003@mc.duke.edu
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This report provides a national blueprint for achieving diversity in the health professions. The report integrates findings from expert testimony, the health sciences literature, and two commissioned studies and puts forth recommendations for actions to address the causes of underrepresentation of minorities in the health professions. Report sections discuss the rationale for increasing diversity in the workforce, the history of disparities, the status of diversity in the health professions schools and workforce, the health professions pipeline, financing, and accountability. Appendices include reports on the two commissioned studies, the charge to the commission, information on the W. K. Kellogg grant program that supported the work, field hearing agendas, and a list of diversity resources. An executive summary and a glossary are also included.

                                    Keywords: Health personnel, Health occupations, Minority groups, Ethnic groups, Cultural diversity, Barriers, Recruitment, Health education, Health services delivery

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                                    American Academy of Pediatrics, Division of State Government Affairs. 2013. More state Medicaid programs pay for children's oral health prevention services in doctors' offices. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, 4 pp, (Celebrating our wins).

                                    American Academy of Pediatrics
                                    141 Northwest Point Boulevard
                                    Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098

                                    Telephone: (847) 434-4000
                                    Fax: (847) 434-8000
                                    Website: http://www.aap.org
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This document provides an overview of efforts by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Pew Children’s Dental Campaign, and others to expand reimbursement to primary care health professionals for dental-caries-prevention services during well-child visits. The document presents information on state Medicaid programs reimbursing primary care health professionals for preventive oral health services in 2008 and in 2012. The document also discusses procedures states cover and efforts to conduct advocacy training, develop resources, and collaborate with policymakers.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Children, Medicaid, Preventive health services, Public awareness campaigns, Trends, Health policy, Public private partnerships, Collaboration

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                                    Florida Public Health Institute. 2012. National oral health policy 101. Lake Worth, FL: Florida Public Health Institute.

                                    Florida Public Health Institute
                                    1622 North Federal Highway, Suite B
                                    Lake Worth, FL 33460

                                    Telephone: (561) 533-7909
                                    Fax: (561) 533-7966
                                    E-mail: http://www.flphi.org/contact-us
                                    Website: http://www.flphi.org
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This resource provides information on barriers to and opportunities for understanding children’s dental caries and other public oral health issues. Topics include health care coverage and financing, prevention, safety nets, surveillance, and work force issues. Topics include national and Florida health policies.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Public health, Children, Dental caries, Health care financing, Access to health care, Surveillance, Work force, State programs, Florida

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                                    DentaQuest Institute and W. K. Kellogg Foundation. [2012]. National Oral Health Quality Improvement Committee: Quality improvement in an era of accountability. [Westborough, MA]: DentaQuest Institute, multiple items.

                                    DentaQuest Institute
                                    2400 Computer Drive
                                    Westborough, MA 01581

                                    Telephone: (508) 329-2280
                                    Secondary Telephone: (508) 329-2250
                                    E-mail: info@dentaquestinstitute.org
                                    Website: http://www.dentaquestinstitute.org
                                    Available from the website.

                                    These resources summarize a meeting convened on January 24–25, 2012, in Washington, DC, to discuss objectives and approaches to improve quality in oral health care. Contents include a vision statement, a report, and presentations. Topics include developing a national plan, developing and standardizing oral health measures, developing quality-measurement systems tied to outcomes-based reimbursement systems, and developing educational initiatives to support change in delivery and reimbursement systems.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Program improvement, Quality assurance, Measures, Reimbursement, Professional education, National initiatives, Service delivery systems, Meetings

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                                    U.S. Department of Health, Office of Minority Health. 2011. National stakeholder strategy for achieving health equity. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Office of Minority Health, 198 pp.

                                    U.S. Office of Minority Health Resource Center
                                    Resource Center P.O. Box 37337 Washington, DC 20013-7337

                                    Telephone: (800) 444-6472
                                    Secondary Telephone: (301) 251-1432
                                    Fax: (301) 251-2160
                                    E-mail: info@minorityhealth.hhs.gov
                                    Website: http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=1&lvlid=3
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This report, which is a companion to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Action Plan to Reduce Health Disparities, provides a strategy for eliminating health disparities in the United States through cooperative and strategic actions. The report discusses the development of the national stakeholder strategy, provides context, discusses the strategy itself, and presents an approach to operationalizing the strategy.

                                    Keywords: Health, Racial factors, Ethnic factors, Economic factors, Program coordination, Service coordination, Federal programs, Strategic plans, Health status disparities, Oral health

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                                    Bailit H. 2010. New Mexico Dental School feasibility study: Report to the New Mexico Department of Health, Public Health Division, Health Systems Bureau. [Santa Fe, NM: New Mexico Health Department], 41 pp.

                                    New Mexico Department of Health
                                    1190 South Saint Francis Drive
                                    Santa Fe, NM 87502

                                    Telephone: (505) 827-2613
                                    Fax: (505) 827-2530
                                    E-mail: doh-webmaster@state.nm.us
                                    Website: http://nmhealth.org/
                                    Available from the website.

                                    This report describes a four month study of the feasibility of establishing a new state-supported School of Dental Medicine (SODM) that will reduce dental access disparities for the population of New Mexico. Topics include dental Medicaid and state children's health insurance program provisions, dental safety net services, dental education trends, telemedicine programs, school-based-delivery systems, dental management organizations, and public and private sector dental care in rural areas. Contents include an executive summary, background information on barriers to accessing and utilizing oral health care services, and recommendations for increasing the education and supply of oral health care professionals around the state.

                                    Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Barriers, Provider participation, Professional education, Health care financing, New Mexico, State initiatives, Children, Adults

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                                    Formicol AJ, ed. 2008. New models of dental education: The Macy Study report. Journal of Dental Education 72(2, Suppl.):1-139.

                                    American Dental Education Association
                                    1400 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100
                                    Washington, DC 20005-2415

                                    Telephone: (202) 289-7201
                                    Fax: (202) 289-7204
                                    Website: http://www.adea.org
                                    $25 members, $50 nonmembers.

                                    This supplement to the Journal of Dental Education presents the results of a 3-year study to examine the financial feasibility of new models of dental education. The supplement also provides information about the study's follow-up convocation held on April 22-24, 2007, in Atlanta, Georgia. The supplement contains the papers presented at the convocation and summarizes the discussions, previous publications from the study, and papers describing the academic challenges confronting dental education and the dental school accreditation system.

                                      Keywords: Oral health, Dental education, Models, Financing, Professional education

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                                      Yineman K. 2008. North Dakota State Oral Health Collaborative Systems Grant: End of project final report. Bismarck, ND: North Dakota Department of Health, Oral Health Program, 8 pp, plus conference summary (19 pp).

                                      National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                      Georgetown University Box 571272
                                      Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                      Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                      Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                      E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                      Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                      Available at no charge; also available from the web site.

                                      This final report summarizes North Dakota's progress in building oral health awareness, education, and community consensus into programs with funding from the State Oral Health Collaborative Systems grant program for the period September 1, 2004, to August 31, 2007. Contents include the project's goal, objectives, accomplishments, and constraints. Topics include educating primary care health professionals about the importance of oral health, facilitating oral health education, and assessing the oral health of elementary school students. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                      Keywords: Oral health, Service learning, Population surveillance, Provider participation, Professional training, Service integration, Consumer education, Final reports, North Dakota, Children

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                                      Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program and National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center. 2008-. Ohio safety net dental clinics. Columbus, OH: Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program; Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center.

                                      Ohio Department of Health, Oral Health Program
                                      246 North High Street
                                      Columbus, OH 43215

                                      Telephone: (614) 466-4180
                                      Fax: (614) 564-2421
                                      E-mail: BCHS@odh.ohio.gov
                                      Website: http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/ohs/oral/oral1.aspx
                                      Available from the website.

                                      These resources are designed for those interested in starting and operating clinics that deliver oral health care services to individuals and families in Ohio regardless of their ability to pay. The resources include data sources and publications; a map and list of oral health professional shortage areas; distance learning curricula; a list of oral health grantmaking organizations; clinical guidelines, policies, and positions; job postings; information about the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program; information on Medicaid and Ohio's dental practice act and rules; discussion lists and e-newsletters; a database of safety net dental clinics in Ohio; and links to related organization websites.

                                      Keywords: Oral health, Dental clinics, Clinic administration, Financing, Health care delivery, Distance education, Work force, Web sites, Resources for professionals, Ohio

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                                      Insight Market Research and Consulting. 2005. Oklahoma Children's Oral Health Coalition Oral Health Forum market research study: Executive summary. Oklahoma City, OK: Insight Market Research and Consulting, 57 pp.

                                      National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                      Georgetown University Box 571272
                                      Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                      Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                      Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                      E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                      Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                      Available from the website.

                                      This executive summary describes a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the 2003 Children's Oral Health Forum in creating better oral health care opportunities for children in Oklahoma. Specifically, the study addressed the problems and barriers that lead to inadequate access to oral health care among children in Oklahoma, and existing and potential solutions to overcoming these problems. Issues are described in the following areas: workforce and provider, community resources, and legislative and education. The survey methodology is described, conclusions are offered, and statistical information is provided throughout the report.

                                      Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Surveys, Oklahoma, Access to health care, Barriers, Market research

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                                      National Network for Oral Health Access. 2009-. Operations manual for health center oral health programs. Denver, CO: National Network for Oral Health Access, 1 v.

                                      National Network for Oral Health Access
                                      181 E. 56th Avenue, Suite 501 Denver, CO 80216

                                      Telephone: (866) 316-4995
                                      Fax: (866) 316-4995
                                      E-mail: info@nnoha.org
                                      Website: http://www.nnoha.org
                                      Available from the website.

                                      This training manual outlines core competencies required to effectively manage an oral health program within a health center, consistent with standards and guidelines established by the U.S. Bureau of Primary Health Care. The content emphasizes that comprehensive health care includes oral health services. Chapters include fundamentals, leadership, financials, risk management, workforce and staffing, and quality. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                      Keywords: Oral health, Program management, Community health centers, Leadership, Fiscal management, Risk management, Work force, Quality assurance, Training materials

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                                      Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors and American Dental Hygienists' Association. 2014. Opportunities for collaboration between state oral health programs and state dental hygienists' associations to improve oral health. Reno, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 1 p.

                                      Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                                      3858 Cashill Boulevard
                                      Reno, NV 89509

                                      Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                                      Fax: (775) 626-9268
                                      E-mail: info@astdd.org
                                      Website: http://www.astdd.org
                                      Available from the website.

                                      [in process]

                                      Keywords:

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                                      Nelson KM. 2001. Oral health and access to care: Eliminating barriers for low-income populations. Bethesda, MD: National Association of Community Health Centers, ca 80 pp, (Issue brief: Medicare and Medicaid technical assistance no. 72).

                                      National Association of Community Health Centers
                                      7501 Wisconsin Ave., Suite 1100W
                                      Bethesda, MD 20814

                                      Telephone: (301) 347-0400
                                      Fax: (301) 347-0459
                                      E-mail: contact@nachc.com
                                      Website: http://www.nachc.com
                                      $3.00.

                                      This issue brief outlines the oral health issues faced by children and adults in the United States and the initiatives and programs offered to address their needs. Topics include barriers to oral health care access including provider participation and reimbursement rates, dental provider supply, oral health workforce and education. Also outlined are initiatives to improve oral health access; public programs that support oral health care, including financing, health care delivery, workforce programs, and state actions; proposed federal legislation to improve oral health, and other opportunities to improve access. Resources and links are provided along with appendices including correspondence to state Medicaid directors, state data tables, a draft of proposed legislation, a copy of S.998 legislation to expand the availability of oral health services, and an article from the Journal of the American Medical Association.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Access to health care, Barriers, Health insurance, Uninsured persons, Low income groups, Provider participation, Trends, Personnel

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                                        Alaska Dental Action Coalition. 2007. Oral health and dental access: Perspectives and recommendations from the Alaska Dental Action Coalition. Juneau, AK: Alaska Dental Action Coalition, 13 pp.

                                        Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Oral Health Program
                                        Alaska Division of Public Health P.O. Box 110610 130 Seward Street, Room 508
                                        Juneau, AK 99801-0610

                                        Telephone: (907) 465-8628
                                        Website: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/wcfh/Pages/oralhealth/default.aspx
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This document is a preliminary working draft of a State Oral Health Plan presented to policymakers by a coalition of 20 stakeholder organizations. The draft contains national and state oral health data and recommendations to improve access to care in Alaska. Child health topics include dental caries experience and untreated dental caries, dental sealants, oral clefts, and oral health services. Data on adult oral health, oral cancer, and the age distribution of dentists in Alaska are also included. Recommendations in the areas of prevention and education, access, and financing are presented.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Young children, Children, Adults, Access to health care, Prevention, Health education, Financing, Dental caries, Dental sealants, Dental care, Oral clefts, Oral cancer, Work force, Statistics, Statewide planning, Alaska

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                                        Brickle C, Larkin C, Thoele MJ, Furry C. 2011. Oral health from a public health perspective. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health.

                                        National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                        Georgetown University Box 571272
                                        Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                        Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                        Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                        E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                        Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This series of courses addresses concepts of collaborative dental hygiene practice (CDHP) in Minnesota and provides tools and resources for planning and establishing such a practice. Topics include oral public health, an introduction to CDHP, and collaborative practice examples. Future courses will address a sustainable business model and risk and liability.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Dental caries, Access to health care, Underserved communities, Public health services, State programs, Minnesota

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                                        U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration. 2011. Oral health IT toolbox. Rockville, MD: U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration.

                                        U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration
                                        Parklawn Building 5600 Fishers Lane
                                        Rockville, MD 20857

                                        Telephone: (888) 275-4772
                                        Secondary Telephone: (877) 464-4772
                                        Fax: (301) 443-1246
                                        E-mail: ask@hrsa.gov
                                        Website: http://www.hrsa.gov
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This toolbox provides oral health professionals and primary care health professionals with information, tools, and resources on oral health and health information technology (IT). The toolbox is organized into four sections: introduction, health IT and oral health, meaningful use and oral health, and opportunities for health IT and oral health in the safety net and for special populations. Each section contains questions with answers and supporting resources.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Information systems, Resources for professionals

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                                        Nazare S, Pied D. 2013. Oral health maps: A series of maps describing professional and prevention resources, Maine, 2011-2012. [Augusta. ME]: Maine Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health Program, multiple items.

                                        Maine Department of Health and Human Services, Oral Health Program
                                        11 State House Station Key Plaza, Fifth Floor
                                        Augusta, ME 04333

                                        E-mail: judith.a.feinstein@maine.gov
                                        Website: http://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/odh/
                                        Available from the website.

                                        These maps provide a picture of oral health resources in Maine. The maps display data on the number and density of licensed dentists and dental hygienists by county of practice, safety net dental clinics, schools funded to provide fluoride mouthrinse and dental sealants, and public water systems providing optimally fluoridated water. Maps showing independent dental hygienist practices and public health dental hygienists providing school-linked services while using public health supervision are also included.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Data, Maps, School health services, Fluorides, Dental sealants, Prevention programs, State programs, Maine

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                                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 1999-. Oral health matters. Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, quarterly.

                                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                                        3858 Cashill Boulevard
                                        Reno, NV 89509

                                        Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                                        Fax: (775) 626-9268
                                        E-mail: info@astdd.org
                                        Website: http://www.astdd.org
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This newsletter provides information on national, state, and local oral health activities as well as on educational materials and other resources. Contents include a message from the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors' (ASTDDs') president and cooperative agreement manager; a partner, member, associate member, and state program snapshot; and summaries of ASTDD surveys and projects.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Newsletters, Professional societies, Resources for professionals

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                                        Aguirre-Zero O, Greene M, Wright ER. 2009. Oral health needs in Indiana: Developing an effective and diverse workforce. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Center for Health Policy, 7 pp.

                                        Indiana University Center for Health Policy
                                        714 North Senate Avenue, Suite 220 EF250
                                        Indianapolis, IN 46202

                                        Telephone: (317) 278-5907
                                        Fax: (317) 274-3443
                                        E-mail: IUCHP@iupui.edu
                                        Website: http://www.healthpolicy.iupui.edu/
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This paper discusses the oral health disease burdens of dental caries and periodontal disease in Indiana, particularly among children of racial and ethnic minorities and low socioeconomic groups. Topics include a public health approach to addressing awareness and access issues in oral health care, a review of oral health epidemiology in Indiana, populations most vulnerable to untreated oral disease, critical issues and challenges in maintaining an adequate work force, and thoughts for policy makers.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Dental caries, Periodontal disease, Access to health care, Children, Low income groups, Work force, State surveys, Indiana

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                                        National Institute for Health Care Management Research and Educational Foundation. 2011. Oral health opportunities for health plans and foundations. Washington, DC: National Institute for Health Care Management Research and Educational Foundation, 4 pp.

                                        National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation
                                        1225 19th Street, N.W., Suite 710
                                        Washington, DC 20036

                                        Telephone: (202) 296-4426
                                        Fax: (202) 296-4319
                                        E-mail: http://www.nihcm.org/contact
                                        Website: http://www.nihcm.org
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This document outlines opportunities for health plans and foundations to improve oral health in children and other vulnerable populations. Topics include oral health provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and implications of the Institute of Medicine’s report, Improving Access to Oral Health Care for Vulnerable and Underserved Populations.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Health insurance, Foundations, Program improvement, Access to health care, Legislation, Children

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                                        New York State Department of Health. 2005. Oral health plan for New York State. [Albany, NY]: New York State Department of Health, 45 pp.

                                        New York State Department of Health
                                        Corning Tower, Empire State Plaza
                                        Albany, NY 12237

                                        Telephone: (866) 881-2809
                                        E-mail: dohweb@health.state.ny.us
                                        Website: http://www.health.ny.gov
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This plan addresses the burden of oral disease in New York and identifies goals, objectives, and strategies on a broad spectrum of issues related to policy, prevention, access, work force, and surveillance and research. Sections provide an executive summary; an overview of oral health; priority areas of opportunity for improving oral health; a review of prevalence, risk factors, and work force issues; and programs and practices. Appendices include oral health objectives from the Healthy People 2010 initiatives and information on contributors to the report. Statistical information is provided in charts and graphs throughout the report.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Disease prevention, Work force, Health objectives, State programs, Statewide planning, Program descriptions, Statistics, New York, Children, Pregnant women

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                                        Glassman P. 2011. Oral health quality improvement in the era of accountability. San Francisco, CA: Pacific Center for Special Care, 3 items.

                                        DentaQuest Institute
                                        2400 Computer Drive
                                        Westborough, MA 01581

                                        Telephone: (508) 329-2280
                                        Secondary Telephone: (508) 329-2250
                                        E-mail: info@dentaquestinstitute.org
                                        Website: http://www.dentaquestinstitute.org
                                        Available from the website.

                                        This report explores using a quality-improvement (QI) framework for ensuring that everyone in the United States has access to high-quality oral health care. The report discusses quality in health care, drivers of quality improvement in the health care system, and efforts to improve health through measurement and QI systems. Drivers of oral-health-quality improvement and a hierarchy of activities are addressed, along with future trends in measurement and improvement. An executive summary and policy brief are also available.

                                        Keywords: Oral health, Health care systems, Measures, Quality assurance, Program improvement

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                                        Michigan Dental Hygienists' Association. [2007]. PA 161 - Making oral health care accessible in Michigan. [Okemos, MI]: Michigan Dental Hygienists' Association, 2 pp.

                                        National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                        Georgetown University Box 571272
                                        Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                        Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                        Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                        E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                        Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                        Single photocopies available at no charge.

                                        The flyer describes three programs provided by dental hygienists in the community as a result of Michigan Public Act 161, which allows dental hygienists approved by the Michigan Department of Community Health to provide preventive oral health care without a dentist's prior authorization in a variety of public health settings, including federally qualified health centers. The following services are described: (1) oral health assessments and preventive care provided to residents of a long-term care facility; (2) portable oral health care for individuals unable to access care in traditional clinical settings, such as individuals enrolled in Medicaid or Head Start; and (3) on-site preventive oral health care for elderly populations.

                                          Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Public health dental hygienists, Community based services, Preventive health services, Health services delivery, Legislation, Program descriptions, Michigan

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                                          Cottam W, Demby NA. 2014. Partnering with academic institutions and residency programs to develop service learning programs. Denver, CO: National Network for Oral Health Access, 17 pp.

                                          National Network for Oral Health Access
                                          181 E. 56th Avenue, Suite 501 Denver, CO 80216

                                          Telephone: (866) 316-4995
                                          Fax: (866) 316-4995
                                          E-mail: info@nnoha.org
                                          Website: http://www.nnoha.org
                                          Available from the website.

                                          This paper provides background on how health centers can partner with academic institutions or residency programs to offer service learning programs at health centers and thereby foster interest in health center careers among the next generation of health professionals. The paper explores different collaboration models and provides suggestions about issues for health centers to consider when deciding whether to launch such a program. Topics include the benefits of partnership, educational models, planning considerations, successful partnerships, challenges, and recommendations.

                                          Keywords: Oral health, Careers, Collaboration, Community health centers, Internship and residency, Model programs, Professional education, Professional training, Public private partnerships, Work force

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                                          DentaQuest Foundation. 2014. Paths to prevention. Boston, MA: DentaQuest Foundation, annual.

                                          DentaQuest Foundation
                                          465 Medford Street
                                          Boston, MA 02129-1454

                                          Telephone: (617) 886-1700
                                          Website: http://www.dentaquestfoundation.org
                                          Available from the website.

                                          This annual report examines the role of consumers, health professionals, communities, funders,policymakers, and philanthropists in addressing the challenges of making good oral health a priority. Topics include prevention and public health infrastructure, oral health literacy, medical and dental collaboration, metrics for improving oral health, financing models, and strengthening the oral health care delivery system.

                                          Keywords: Oral health, Collaboration, Networking, Public private partnerships, Financial support, Financing, Health literacy, Health care delivery, Measures, Public health infrastructure, Foundations

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                                          George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Rapid Public Health Policy Response Project. 2008. Pediatric dentistry: How can dental care for low-income children be improved?. Washington, DC: George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Rapid Public Health Policy Response Project, 11 pp.

                                          George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy
                                          950 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W., 6th Floor
                                          Washington, DC 20052

                                          Telephone: (202) 994-4100
                                          Website: http://publichealth.gwu.edu/departments/health-policy
                                          Available from the website.

                                          This paper describes the causes and consequences of oral diseases that disproportionately affect children from families with low incomes, and strategies available to address them. Topics include disparities in disease, the consequences of disease in children, unmet needs for pediatric dentistry, and strategies to increase access to services for children.

                                          Keywords: Oral health, Children, Dental caries, Low income groups, Access to health care, Socioeconomic factors, Racial factors, Ethnic factors, Pediatric dentistry

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                                          American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 2011-. Points of light: A resource guide for pediatric and general dentists to successfully establish an infant oral health referral infrastructure in your community and state. Chicago, IL: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, multiple items.

                                          American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
                                          211 East Chicago Avenue, Suite 1700
                                          Chicago, IL 60611-2637

                                          Telephone: (312) 337-2169
                                          Fax: (312) 337-6329
                                          Website: http://www.aapd.org
                                          Available from the website.

                                          This guide outlines a process for establishing an infant oral health referral infrastructure in communities and states. Topics include collaboration among dentists and pediatric health professionals to encourage early dental referrals, risk assessment timing, and establishment of the dental home. Contents include sample referral letters for dentists and physicians, a policy statement, and a handout and presentation on infant oral health care.

                                          Keywords: Oral health, Infants, Public health infrastructure, Risk assessment, Referrals, Collaboration, Work force, Public policy

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                                          National Conference of State Legislatures. 2011. Policy options for expanding the oral health workforce: NCSL Legislative Summit–Aug. 11, 2011. Denver, CO: National Conference of State Legislatures.

                                          National Conference of State Legislatures
                                          7700 East First Place
                                          Denver, CO 80230

                                          Telephone: (303) 364-7700
                                          Fax: (303) 364-7800
                                          Website: http://www.ncsl.org
                                          Available from the website.

                                          This webcast, held on August 11, 2011, discusses policy options for ensuring that children receive optimal oral health care. One topic included is state initiatives to increase the number of dentists and establish a new category of mid-level oral health professionals.

                                          Keywords: Oral health, Legislation, Dental care, Quality assurance, Work force, State initiatives, Children

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                                          Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Office of Local and Rural Health. 2004. Primary care: Health professional underserved areas report. Topeka, KS: Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Office of Local and Rural Health, 31 pp.

                                          National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                          Georgetown University Box 571272
                                          Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                          Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                          Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                          E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                          Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                          Single photocopies available at no charge.

                                          This annual report provides data on health professional shortage designations in Kansas. Professionals discussed include primary care, oral health, and mental health professionals. The report includes a definition of each of the various federal and state underserved designations, an explanation of the qualifying criteria for each, a summary of the benefits to counties or individuals available within each designation, contact information for each program, and an indication of which counties qualified for each designation as of July 2004. The report also provides details on state and federal government programs, including several new programs created to address the problems of health professional supply and to improve health care access for all Kansans.

                                            Keywords: Access to health care, Provider participation, Underserved communities, Medical personnel, Dentists, Mental health professionals, Kansas, Program descriptions, Rural health, Work force

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                                            Vieth B. 2000. Primer on the health care safety net. Washington, DC: National Governors Association, Health Policy Studies Division, 24 pp.

                                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                            Georgetown University Box 571272
                                            Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                            Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                            Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                            E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                            Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This brief focuses on the publicly funded safety net system--a health care system of each state that provides care to people who do not have health insurance or money to pay for care. The brief includes a summary, and discussions of the following: who the uninsured are, factors that affect access to health care, what the safety net is, public policy and financing, and options for strengthening the safety net. An appendix includes federal and organizational resources for more information. Statistical information is presented in tables grouped together at the end of the report.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Health care delivery, Access to health care, Uninsured persons, Low income groups, Public policy, Health care financing, Children

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                                            National Network for Oral Health Access. 2013-. Promising practices. Denver, CO: National Network for Oral Health Access, multiple items.

                                            National Network for Oral Health Access
                                            181 E. 56th Avenue, Suite 501 Denver, CO 80216

                                            Telephone: (866) 316-4995
                                            Fax: (866) 316-4995
                                            E-mail: info@nnoha.org
                                            Website: http://www.nnoha.org
                                            Available from the website.

                                            These resources comprise services, programs, functions, or processes that health centers and safety-net oral health programs lead, administer, facilitate, and/or support through collaboration with partners and stakeholders. The methods or techniques have consistently shown results superior to those achieved with other means, when applied to a particular condition or circumstance. The content is organized within the following three categories: dental program management, clinical excellence, and access to care.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Community health centers, Model programs, Dental care

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                                            Bayne A, Knudson A, Garg A, Kassahun M. 2013. Promising practices to improve access to oral health care in rural communities. Bethesda, MD: NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis, 6 pp, (Rural evaluation brief).

                                            NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
                                            4350 East West Highway, Suite 800
                                            Bethesda, MD 20814

                                            Telephone: (301) 634-9300
                                            Secondary Telephone: 301-951-5070
                                            E-mail: info@NORC.org
                                            Website: http://www.norc.org/Research/Departments/Pages/public-health-research/walsh-center-rural-health-analysis.aspx
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This issue brief presents findings from a literature review of oral health programs and lessons learned from seven Rural Health Care Services Outreach Program (Section 330A) grantees. Topics include program models, resources needed to support programs, program evaluation and sustainability strategies, and implications for communities. The brief also shares approaches and tools.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Rural populations, Model programs, Evaluation, Sustainability, Model programs

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                                            Dower C, Christian S, O'Neil E. 2007. Promising scopes of practice models for the health professions. San Francisco, CA: University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions, 25 pp.

                                            University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions
                                            3333 California Street, Suite 410
                                            San Francisco, CA 94118

                                            Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                                            Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This brief examines issues in the legal scopes of practice for the health professions within the context of improving access to care in California. The brief highlights the California scopes of practice for a sample of four occupations (nurse practitioners, physical therapists, physician assistants, and paramedics) and compares them to more expansive scopes of practices in other states or institutions. The brief also discusses efforts to improve scope of practice decision-making via review mechanisms, health boards with independent rule-making authority, and national uniformity.

                                            Keywords: Health professions, Allied health personnel, Models, Work force, Reports, Oral health

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                                            Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, Best Practices Committee. 2003-2013. Proven and promising best practices for state and community oral health programs. [Sparks, NV]: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 12 items.

                                            Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                                            3858 Cashill Boulevard
                                            Reno, NV 89509

                                            Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                                            Fax: (775) 626-9268
                                            E-mail: info@astdd.org
                                            Website: http://www.astdd.org
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This resource provides information to help state, territorial, and community oral health programs develop best practices within the context of their environments. Contents include reports on public health strategies that are supported by evidence for their impact and effectiveness. Topics include coordinated school health programs; prevention and control of early childhood tooth decay; perinatal oral health; school fluoride and dental sealant programs; special health care needs; state coalitions, plans, and mandates; surveillance systems; water fluoridation; and work force development. The resource also provides access to state and community practice examples that illustrate successful implementation of best practice approaches. Additional resources such as definitions, criteria, and surveys are available. [Funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Model programs, Public health services, Community programs, State programs

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                                            Revels M, Cruz K, Cheung K, Carver L, Krol D. 2013. Providing preventive oral health care to infants and young children in Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), Early Head Start and primary care settings. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 35 pp, (Synthesis report).

                                            Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
                                            Route One and College Road, East, P.O. Box 2316
                                            Princeton, NJ 08543

                                            Telephone: (877) 843-7953
                                            Fax:
                                            Website: http://www.rwjf.org
                                            Available from the web site.

                                            This report focuses on seven programs that provide preventive oral health care to infants and young children enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) or Early Head Start (EHS) and in primary care settings. Topics include integrating oral health into primary care and within WIC and EHS, oral health services offered in WIC and EHS, staff training, and staffing to deliver oral health services.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Infants, Young children, WIC program, Early Head Start, Primary care, Prevention services, Service integration, Training, Work force, Model programs

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                                            Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services. 2011. Public health dental hygienist toolkit. [Boston, MA]: Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health.

                                            Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Division of Primary Care and Health Access, Office of Oral Health
                                            250 Washington Street Boston, MA 02108

                                            Telephone: (617) 624-6060
                                            Secondary Telephone: (617) 624-5992
                                            Fax: (617) 624-6062
                                            Website: http://www.mass.gov/dph/oralhealth
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This toolkit provides information and resources for dental hygienists in Massachusetts to expand opportunities for providing preventive oral health services in public health settings. Training resources include presentations on infection control, other documents and resources, evidence-based clinical recommendations for dental sealants and sealant programs and other sealant program resources, and an introduction to the state Medicaid program, MassHealth.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Public health dental hygienists, Massachusetts, Dental sealants, Dental clinics, State initiatives, Medicaid

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                                            Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1992. Public health focus: Fluoridation of community water systems. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 41(21):372-375, 361.

                                            Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
                                            1600 Clifton Road
                                            Atlanta, GA 30333

                                            Telephone: (800) 232-4636
                                            Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
                                            E-mail: cdc@cdcinfo.gov
                                            Website: http://www.cdc.gov
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This article summarizes information on the efficacy, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of fluoridation of water supplies in the United States.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Fluorides, Water, Public health, Cost effectiveness, Children

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                                            Iowa Department of Public Health, Oral Health Bureau. 2004-2011. Public health supervision of dental hygienists. [Des Moines, IA]: Iowa Department of Public Health, Oral Health Bureau, annual.

                                            Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems
                                            Lucas State Office Building 321 East 12th Street
                                            Des Moines, IA 50319-0075

                                            Telephone: (515) 242-6383
                                            Secondary Telephone: (866) 528-4020
                                            Fax: (515) 242-6384
                                            Website: http://www.idph.state.ia.us/OHDS/OralHealth.aspx
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This series reports on services provided by dental hygienists working with dentists under a collaborative public health supervision agreement in Iowa. Data include the number of hygienists and dentists with an agreement in place, the type and number of services provided, the number of clients served (by service type and by client age), and the number of referrals for routine vs. urgent care.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Public health dental hygienists, Supervision, Public health services, Statistical data, State programs, Iowa, Children, Adolescents, Adults

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                                            1921. Public Law 67-85, The Snyder Act. .

                                            U.S. Indian Health Service
                                            The Reyes Building 801 Thompson Avenue, Suite 400
                                            Rockville, MD 20852

                                            Telephone: (301) 443-1083
                                            Secondary Telephone: (301) 443-6394
                                            Website: http://www.ihs.gov
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This document provides information on the types of expenditures authorized for the administration of Indian affairs, including the relief of distress and conservation of health through the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

                                            Keywords: Federal agencies, Public health agencies, Legislation, American Indians, Oral health

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                                            1965. Public Law 89-97–July 30, 1965. Part 1—Maternal and Child Health and Crippled Children’s Services: Special Project Grants for Health of School and Preschool Children. , 8 pp.

                                            State University of New York, College at Brockport
                                            350 New Campus Drive
                                            Brockport, NY 14420

                                            Website: http://www.brockport.edu/
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This excerpt from an amendment to the Social Security Act addresses increases in maternal and child health services and crippled children's services, planning for mental retardation services, and health care-related public assistance amendments including a study of resources on children's emotional illness.

                                            Keywords: Legislation, History, Social Security Act, Maternal and child health services, Maternal and child health training, Children

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                                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Policy Center. 2012. Quality improvement in children's oral health: Moving from volume to value. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Policy Center, 16 pp, (TrendNotes).

                                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Policy Center
                                            Children's Dental Health Project 1020 19th Street, N.W., Suite 400
                                            Washington, DC 20036

                                            Telephone: (202) 833-8288
                                            E-mail: cdhpinfo@cdhp.org
                                            Website: http://nmcohpc.net
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This newsletter provides information about quality improvement efforts in oral health. Topics include key factors impacting oral-health-quality efforts, a framework for improving quality, the status of quality activities in oral health care, opportunities and initiatives to advance quality of care for children, implications for policy and practice, and examples of federal measures for children’s oral health. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                            Keywords: Oral health: Children, Measures, Quality assurance, Accountability, Health care delivery, Health care systems, Program improvement, Policy

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                                            Community Catalyst. 2013. Recommended standards for dental therapy education programs in the United States: Advisory panel report and recommendations. Boston, MA: Community Catalyst, 19 pp, exec summ (2 pp).

                                            Community Catalyst
                                            30 Winter Street, 10th Floor
                                            Boston, MA 02108

                                            Telephone: (617) 338-6035
                                            Fax: (617) 451-5838
                                            E-mail: restuccia@communitycatalyst.org
                                            Website: http://www.communitycatalyst.org
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This report presents recommended standards for dental therapy education programs for states and tribal nations considering the addition of dental therapists to their oral health workforce. The recommendations address institutional effectiveness, administrative responsibility and status, student services and policies, curriculum and competencies, professional and community responsibility, and patient care.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygiene, Professional education, Model programs, Work force, Standards

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                                            National Rural Health Association. 2006. Recruitment and retention of a quality health workforce in rural areas . Kansas City, MO: National Rural Health Association, 7 pp, (Policy papers on the rural health careers pipeline; no. 4: Oral health).

                                            National Rural Health Association
                                            521 East 63rd Street
                                            Kansas City, MO 64110

                                            Telephone: (816) 756-3140
                                            Fax: (816) 756-3144
                                            E-mail: mail@NRHArural.org
                                            Website: http://www.ruralhealthweb.org
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This issue paper discusses issues and strategies for oral health work force recruitment, retention, and utilization. Topics include dental work force shortage, Medicaid reimbursement, expanding the dental team, and the connection between primary care and oral health. Recommendations to improve the oral health status of rural America endorsed by the National Rural Health Association, a summary, and a list of resources are also presented.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Rural environment, Health personnel, Dentists, Provider participation, Recruitment, Medicaid, Reimbursement, Children

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                                            U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration. 2011. Regional oral health summit final report: The role of public-private partnerships in improving oral health. Rockville, MD: U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration, 52 pp.

                                            U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration
                                            Parklawn Building 5600 Fishers Lane
                                            Rockville, MD 20857

                                            Telephone: (888) 275-4772
                                            Secondary Telephone: (877) 464-4772
                                            Fax: (301) 443-1246
                                            E-mail: ask@hrsa.gov
                                            Website: http://www.hrsa.gov
                                            Available from the website.

                                            This report describes a summit held on September 13, 2011, in Kansas City, Kansas, to facilitate a discussion on oral health and to leverage resources to optimally support federal and regional oral health priorities to advance public-private partnerships. Contents include the role of federal agencies in improving access to care and a discussion of issues and potential actions for strengthening public-private partnerships in each of four states (Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska). The report also discusses key challenges, significant populations affected, individual roles in addressing the issue, additional resources that may be needed, and actions that the group can take to ensure that efforts continue.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Public private partnerships, Federal agencies, State initiatives, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Conference proceedings, Children, Families

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                                            Wides C, Bates T, Mertz E. 2011. Registered dental hygienists in alternative practice in California, 2009 descriptive report. San Francisco, CA: University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions, 29 pp.

                                            University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions
                                            3333 California Street, Suite 410
                                            San Francisco, CA 94118

                                            Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                                            Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu
                                            Available from the website.

                                            The report looks at the Registered Dental Hygienist in Alternative Practice (RDHAP) model of care delivery in California. The content is derived from data collected by a 2009 survey of all 244 RDHAPs licensed in California. Topics include demographics, education, professional activities, practice data (patients, settings, and finances), as well as issues of professional development and advancement.

                                            Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dental hygienists, Demographics, Professional education, State surveys, California

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                                            Mertz E. 2008. Registered dental hygienists in alternative practice: Increasing access to dental care in California. San Francisco, CA: Center for the Health Professions, University of California, San Francisco, 58 pp, exec summ (7 pp).

                                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                            Georgetown University Box 571272
                                            Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                            Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                            Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                            E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                            Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                            Single photocopies available at no charge.

                                            This paper presents findings from a study to explore ways that policy modifications may improve utilization of the registered dental hygienist-advanced practice (RDHAP) work force and to examine the evolution of RDHAP practices and their progress toward expanding access to care for vulnerable populations. The paper provides a historical overview of the development of RDHAP, a review of relevant legislation, and profiles of the RDHAP work force and experience. The paper also includes recommendations, conclusions, a glossary, and a form for documenting a relationship between an RDHAP and a dentist.

                                              Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Dental hygienists, Work force, Policy development, State legislation, Preventive health services, Health care delivery, Underserved communities, State initiatives, California

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                                              Mertz E, Bates T. 2008. Registered dental hygienists in California: Regional labor market chart book (2005-2006). San Francisco, CA: Center for the Health Professions, University of California, San Francisco, 91 pp.

                                              National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                              Georgetown University Box 571272
                                              Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                              Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                              Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                              E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                              Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                              Photocopy available at no charge.

                                              This paper explores the labor market for the dental hygiene work force in California at a regional level. The paper is organized as a series of labor market regional summaries, following the statewide summary. Eleven regions are represented, with information included on the demand for and supply of dental hygienists and the state of the labor market. The methodology used in the study is described, as well as its limitations.

                                                Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygienists, California, Work force, Health services delivery, State surveys,

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                                                Wisconsin Governor's Task Force to Improve Access to Oral Health. 2005. Report of the Governor's Task Force to Improve Access to Oral Health. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services, 45 pp.

                                                Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Oral Health Program
                                                Department of Health Services 1 West Wilson Street
                                                Madison, WI 53703

                                                Telephone: (608) 266-1685
                                                Secondary Telephone: (888) 701-1251
                                                Fax: (608) 266-8925
                                                Website: http://dhs.wisconsin.gov/health/Oral_Health
                                                Available from the website.

                                                This report summarizes a discussion and final recommendations from a governor's task force on solutions to oral health access problems in Wisconsin. Contents include a letter to the governor of Wisconsin, introduction and task force charge, executive summary, background information on Medicaid coverage for oral health services, task force recommendations, and appendices. Selected topics include dental professionals workforce recruitment, training, and loan assistance; Marquette University School of Dentistry; dental hyienist workforce; community water fluoridation; Medicaid funding and system changes; dental licensure; oral health safety net program funding; regional oral health operations; children with special health care needs and targeted case management; advocacy, education, school based initiatives, and local public health.

                                                Keywords: Oral health, Statewide planning, Wisconsin, Access to health care, Work force, Financing, Medicaid, Public health, Children

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                                                Health Policy Institute of Ohio. 2006. Report of the Ohio Dental Workforce Roundtable. Columbus, OH: Health Policy Institute of Ohio, 27 pp.

                                                Health Policy Institute of Ohio
                                                37 West Broad Street, Suite 350
                                                Columbia, OH 43215-4198

                                                Telephone: (614) 224-4950
                                                Fax: (614) 224-2205
                                                E-mail: whayes@healthpolicyohio.org
                                                Website: http://www.healthpolicyohio.org
                                                Available from the website.

                                                This report summarizes a series of roundtable discussions held throughout 2005 by the Health Policy Institute, in partnership with the Ohio Department of Health, to consider how Ohio might more effectively utilize its oral health work force to address the oral health needs of its most vulnerable citizens. Topics include an introduction and background on the status of providing oral health care to Ohio's minority, low-income, and rural populations; a review of the history of the oral health roundtables; an integrated approach to planning and change; a description of core values; a statement of conditions in 2005; policy options; and recommendations. Appendices include a list of members of the Ohio Dental Workforce Roundtable, a summary of a literature review, and notes.

                                                Keywords: Oral health, Personnel, Ohio, Access to health care, Needs assessment, Provider participation, Strategic plans, Meetings, Children

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                                                National Rural Health Association. 2013. Rural America's oral health needs. Kansas City, MO: National Rural Health Association, 8 pp.

                                                National Rural Health Association
                                                521 East 63rd Street
                                                Kansas City, MO 64110

                                                Telephone: (816) 756-3140
                                                Fax: (816) 756-3144
                                                E-mail: mail@NRHArural.org
                                                Website: http://www.ruralhealthweb.org
                                                Available at no charge.

                                                This policy brief presents a review of the literature on the oral health status of rural America and provides recommendations for meeting rural America’s oral health care needs. Topics include increasing access to oral health care, service reimbursement, training programs and recruitment, and research.

                                                  Keywords: Oral health, Rural environment, Rural health, Policy, Literature reviews, Health status, Needs assessment, Access to health care, Reimbursement, Training, Research

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                                                  Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Hart LG. 2006. Rural dental practice: A tale of four states. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, 13 pp, plus appendices, (Working paper no.107).

                                                  WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
                                                  University of Washington School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine Box 354982
                                                  Seattle, WA 98195-4982

                                                  Telephone: (206) 685-0402
                                                  Fax: (206) 616-4768
                                                  E-mail: rhrc@fammed.washington.edu
                                                  Website: http://depts.washington.edu/uwrhrc
                                                  Available from the website.

                                                  This working paper reports the findings of a study investigating rural dentist issues, such as demography, training, practice characteristics, staff, and job satisfaction, in Alabama, California, Maine, and Missouri. The paper highlights the survey methodology, findings, and limitations and discusses responses to issues including work and staffing patterns, vacancy rates, Medicaid participation, and job satisfaction of rural dentists. Perspectives of oral health professionals on issues related to access to care are also discussed. Appendices provide the survey questionnaire for each state, plus state pamphlets presenting statistical data of individual state findings. A summary is also available as a separate document. The summary presents a project overview and provides charts and statistics on dentist demographics, dental hygienist and dental assistant vacancy rates, and dentist participation in Medicaid.

                                                  Keywords: Oral health, Rural environment, Work force, Dentists, Dental hygienists, Access to health care, Demography, Professional training, Job satisfaction, Provider participation, Alabama, California, Maine, Missouri, Statistical data, Surveys, Questionnaires, Children

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                                                  Niehaus V, Davis C. 2013. Scope of practice for dental hygienists in Mississippi. St. Paul, MN: Network for Public Health Law, 6 pp, (Laws governing practice of dental hygienists).

                                                  Network for Public Health Law
                                                  875 Summit Avenue
                                                  St. Paul, MN 55105

                                                  Telephone: (651) 695-7749
                                                  Fax: (651) 695-7749
                                                  Website: http://www.networkforphl.org
                                                  Available from the web site.

                                                  This issue brief provides answers to frequently asked questions related to dental hygiene scope of practice in Mississippi. Topics include requirements, the process for amending the requirements, and legislation in other states.

                                                  Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygienists, Supervision, State legislation, Mississippi

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                                                  Yoder KM. [2008]. SEAL INDIANA Final Report: State Oral Health Collaborative Systems Grant Program (SOHCS). [Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Department of Health], 5 pp.

                                                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                                                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                                  Available from the website.

                                                  This report summarizes Indiana’s progress in implementing SEAL INDIANA, a statewide mobile dental sealant innovation, with funding from the State Oral Health Collaborative Systems grant for the period 2003–2007. Program background and information on the project goals and achievements and fulfillment of performance measures are discussed. Topics include collaboration between the Indiana University School of Dentistry, dentists, and the Indiana State Department of Health; the provision of oral health services (examinations, sealants, and fluoride varnish) and dental homes for children who live in rural and urban areas; service-learning experiences for dental and dental hygiene students; and research to promote oral health and access to care. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                                  Keywords: Oral health, Children, Dental care, Dental sealants, Fluorides, Mobile health units, Public private partnerships, Community based services, Service learning, Research, Final reports, Indiana

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                                                  American Dental Education Association. 2007. Second ADEA Advanced Dental Education Summit: The convergence of specialties in advanced dental education—Challenges and opportunities: Proceedings. Washington, DC: American Dental Education Association, 95 pp.

                                                  American Dental Education Association
                                                  1400 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100
                                                  Washington, DC 20005-2415

                                                  Telephone: (202) 289-7201
                                                  Fax: (202) 289-7204
                                                  Website: http://www.adea.org
                                                  Available from the website.

                                                  These proceedings describe a summit on dental education, held on December 7-9, 2006, in Baltimore, Maryland. Five themes are presented: (1) improve compensation and work force conditions, (2) encourage uniformity (and reform) of national licensure, (3) require an advanced postgraduate year, (4) promote interdisciplinary interaction, and (5) engage in the accreditation of nonrecognized specialty-interest areas. Contents include summaries of welcome and keynote addresses, an overview of summit discussions, reports from 16 working groups, and a summary of future directions. Appendices include data, recommendations, specialty group reports, and a demographic profile of summit participants. A list of charts appearing throughout the proceedings is provided.

                                                  Keywords: Dental education, Professional education, Work force, Reimbursement, Conferences, Proceedings, Oral health

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                                                  Ohio Coalition for Oral Health. 2007. Second Ohio Summit on Access to Dental Care: Oral health isn't optional. Columbus, OH: Ohio Association of Community Health Centers, 1 v.

                                                  National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                                  Georgetown University Box 571272
                                                  Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                                  Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                                  Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                                  E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                                  Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                                  Single photocopies available at no charge.

                                                  This notebook contains participant materials from the statewide oral health summit held on November 27-28, 2007, in Columbus, Ohio. The purpose of the summit was to present information about oral health program successes for populations in need and to develop an action and legislative agenda to guide future advocacy efforts. Contents include hard copies of presenters' slides and the text of the call to action. Topics include early childhood and Head Start; school-based oral health programs; elderly, disabled, and HIV populations; sustainable safety net clinics; philanthropic engagement; work force policy issues; and collaboration and coalitions. The agenda and a participant list are also included.

                                                    Keywords: Oral health, Models, Underserved communities, Access to health care, Advocacy, Statewide planning, Ohio, Conferences

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                                                    Brown LJ, ed. 2012. Special [75th] anniversary issue. Journal of Dental Education 76(1).

                                                    American Dental Education Association
                                                    1400 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100
                                                    Washington, DC 20005-2415

                                                    Telephone: (202) 289-7201
                                                    Fax: (202) 289-7204
                                                    Website: http://www.adea.org
                                                    $8.95, plus shipping and handling.

                                                    This issue celebrates the 75th anniversary of the Journal of Dental Education, summarizing the evolution of dental education as a profession and the role of the journal. Topics include the scientific basis for dentistry and its impact on dental education, prevention and its relationship to education, connecting dental education to other health professions, student trends, dental school faculty and the academic environment, changing oral health care needs, new models of dental education and curricular change, community-based dental education, dentists’ learning in practice, pre-doctoral dental education, and information technology and informatics in dental education.

                                                      Keywords: Oral health, Dental education, Dentistry, History

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                                                      Mouradian WE, Slayton RL, eds. 2009. Special issue on children's oral health. Academic Pediatrics 9(6):371-482.

                                                      Academic Pediatric Association
                                                      6728 Old McLean Village Drive
                                                      McLean, VA 22101

                                                      Telephone: (703) 556-9222
                                                      Fax: (703) 556-8729
                                                      E-mail: info@academicpeds.org
                                                      Website: http://www.ambpeds.org/
                                                      Available from the website.

                                                      This special issue of Academic Pediatrics contains background papers prepared for the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP's) National Summit on Children's Oral Health held on November 7-8, 2008, in Chicago, Illinois. The issue includes commentaries on children's oral health as a pediatric health priority, progress in children's oral health since Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General was published in 2000, and scientific investments and improvements in oral health. The issue also addresses science and surveillance, access and barriers to care, the oral health work force, and policy achievements and challenges.

                                                      Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Surveillance, Access to health care, Barriers, Work force, Children

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                                                      Weyent R, Mertz B, eds. 2010. Special issue: Improving oral health care delivery systems through workforce innovations. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 70(Suppl. 1):1-65.

                                                      American Association of Public Health Dentistry
                                                      3085 Stevenson Drive, Suite 200
                                                      Springfield, IL 62703

                                                      Telephone: (217) 529-6941
                                                      Fax: (217) 529-9120
                                                      E-mail: info@aaphd.org
                                                      Website: http://www.aaphd.org
                                                      Contact for cost information.

                                                      This special issue examines the oral health care delivery system’s performance in meeting the needs of specific populations and explores the role of the work force in improving care delivery. Topics include stimulating and evaluating innovation and change in the oral health care delivery system, deficits in the system, and arguments and proposals for improvements. The issue also addresses oral health disparities, services to dependent people in institutional settings, and services in rural America.

                                                      Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Health care systems, Health care delivery, Evaluation, Program improvement, Health status disparities, Rural health

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                                                      Tinanoff N, Kleinman DK, eds. 2012. Special issue: Maryland Oral Health Summit–Pathways to Common Ground and Action: Background papers and commentaries. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 72(Suppl. 1):S1-S68.

                                                      John Wiley and Sons
                                                      Corporate Headquarters 111 River Street
                                                      Hoboken, NJ 07030

                                                      Telephone: (201) 748-6000
                                                      Fax: (201) 748-6088
                                                      E-mail: info@wiley.com
                                                      Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA
                                                      Available from the website.

                                                      This special issue of the Journal of Public Health Dentistry comprises background papers and commentaries from the Maryland Oral Health Summit: Pathways to Common Ground and Action, held on October 20 –21, 2011, in Columbia, Maryland. The issue includes opening remarks from U.S. Representative Elijah Cummings and four articles that provide background information on Maryland’s oral health initiatives. Topics include strategic actions, strengths and weaknesses, and selected initiatives such as an oral-cancer-prevention program and an oral-health-literacy campaign that could serve as a model for other states. Three papers provide a national perspective and vision. Commentaries offer an agenda for future action.

                                                      Keywords: Oral health, Statewide planning, Community action, State initiatives, Maryland, Adults

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                                                      Weyant R, ed. 2011. Special issue: Workforce development in dentistry–Addressing access to care. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 71(Suppl. 2):S1-S41.

                                                      American Association of Public Health Dentistry
                                                      3085 Stevenson Drive, Suite 200
                                                      Springfield, IL 62703

                                                      Telephone: (217) 529-6941
                                                      Fax: (217) 529-9120
                                                      E-mail: info@aaphd.org
                                                      Website: http://www.aaphd.org
                                                      Contact for cost information.

                                                      This special issue of the Journal of Public Health Dentistry focuses on the development of educational programs for dental therapists in the United States. The journal describes the work of a panel of academicians to develop a postsecondary curriculum and training for a dental therapist. The articles describe the curriculum plan and methods used to arrive at the plan, how dental hygienists could gain additional dental therapy skills, and accreditation. Additional articles summarize the education of mid-level providers throughout the world, a case study of how dentists in Alaska work with their dental therapists, and a symposium on the practice of dentistry in the 21st century.

                                                      Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Dentistry, Work force, Training, Dental education, Competencies

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                                                      Health Workforce Information Center. 2013. State health workforce planning reports. Grand Forks, ND: Health Workforce Information Center, multiple items.

                                                      University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Center for Rural Health
                                                      501 North Columbia Road Stop 9037
                                                      Grand Forks, ND 58202-9037

                                                      Telephone: (701) 777-3848
                                                      Fax: (701) 777-6779
                                                      E-mail: ruralhealth@med.und.edu
                                                      Website: http://ruralhealth.und.edu
                                                      Available from the website.

                                                      This document lists plans and reports prepared by state-level grantees of the Health Resources and Services Administration's State Health Care Workforce Planning grant program. The program, authorized under Section 5102 of the Affordable Care Act (P.L. 111-148) as enacted in March 2010, enables state partnerships to complete comprehensive health care work force development planning and implement those plans or carry out activities to address work force demands within the state. Sample topics include supply and demand, education and training, licensing, and recruitment and retention. Recommendations are also included.

                                                      Keywords: Work force, Public private partnerships, Statewide planning, Strategic plans, Heath care reform, Federal grants, Data, State programs

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                                                      American Dental Association. 2009. State innovations to improve access to oral health care for low income children: A compendium update. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association.

                                                      American Dental Association
                                                      211 East Chicago Avenue
                                                      Chicago, IL 60611-2678

                                                      Telephone: (312) 440-2500
                                                      Fax: (312) 440-7494
                                                      E-mail: info@ada.org
                                                      Website: http://www.ada.org
                                                      Available from the website.

                                                      This compendium identifies and summarizes successful state interventions to improve access to oral health services for children enrolled in Medicaid or the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). State summaries are divided into two main sections: (1) Medicaid/SCHIP oral health care for children and (2) state oral health care innovations. Information about each of the interventions is presented in the following categories: (1) administrative policies and procedures; (2) workforce resources; (3) education, communication, and patient care facilitation; and (4) financing and reimbursement. When possible, the summaries also include "reported results." Statistical information is presented in tables throughout the compendium.

                                                      Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Access to health care, Children, Low income groups, State initiatives, State programs, Medicaid, State children's health insurance program, Health insurance, Enrollment, Provider participation, Case studies, Statistics

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                                                      Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2012. State oral health infrastructure and capacity: Reflecting on progress and charting the future. [Sparks, NV]: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 52 pp.

                                                      Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                                                      3858 Cashill Boulevard
                                                      Reno, NV 89509

                                                      Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                                                      Fax: (775) 626-9268
                                                      E-mail: info@astdd.org
                                                      Website: http://www.astdd.org
                                                      Available from the website.

                                                      This report reviews state oral health program infrastructure from 2000 to 2010 and state programs’ capacity to address core public health functions and deliver 10 essential public health services. The report includes lessons learned, recommendations, next steps, and a table showing return on investments.

                                                      Keywords: Oral health, Public health infrastructure, Health services delivery, State programs, Children

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                                                      Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. 2004. State public health approaches to the oral health workforce shortage. Washington, DC: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, 7 pp, (Issue report).

                                                      National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                                      Georgetown University Box 571272
                                                      Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                                      Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                                      Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                                      E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                                      Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                                      Single photocopies available at no charge.

                                                      This access brief provides an overview of oral health professional workforce issues, including the upcoming shortage of both dentists providing care and leaders at the public health agency level. The brief provides an overview of why the oral health workforce is declining; a look at the geographical distribution of dentists, the number of minorities entering dental school, and how they fit into U.S. demographics; and a brief review of national and state strategies that address the shortage. Selected state strategies from Arizona, Arkansas, and Missouri are outlined. [Funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, Public health dentists, Personnel, Trends, State initiatives, Minority groups, Case studies

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                                                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors and National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center. 2011. Strategies to improve collaboration between state oral health programs and Head Start state collaboration offices. Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors; Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 4 pp.

                                                        National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                                        Georgetown University Box 571272
                                                        Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                                        Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                                        Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                                        E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                                        Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                                        Available from the website.

                                                        This tip sheet is designed to assist state oral health program (SOHP) and the Head Start state collaboration office (HSSCO) directors and staff in enhancing collaboration with one another. It discusses how the relationship between SOHPs and HSSCOs has developed to date and outcomes of collaboration. It also provides recommendations for further collaboration. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                                        Keywords: Head Start, Oral health, Young children, State programs, Collaboration, Networking, Communication, Program improvement

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                                                        U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration, Regional Dental Consultants. 2002. Strategy for the enhancement of the dental public health infrastructure at HRSA. Unpublished document, 6 pp.

                                                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                                                        3858 Cashill Boulevard
                                                        Reno, NV 89509

                                                        Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                                                        Fax: (775) 626-9268
                                                        E-mail: info@astdd.org
                                                        Website: http://www.astdd.org
                                                        Available from the website.

                                                        This paper discusses the Health Resources and Services Administration's role in the development of a national oral health plan through the establishment of a strong dental public health infrastructure. Topics include the effective implementation and coordination of oral health programs and activities across all federal and state programs; increasing the number of health professionals available to provide dental public health expertise to vulnerable populations; and enhancing career development training for staff.

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Public health dentistry, Public health dentists, Public health infrastructure, National programs, Health Resources and Services Administration, Program development, Children

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                                                        Healthy Smiles, Healthy Children: The Foundation of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 2011. Strength in numbers: Five million children in five years. Chicago, IL: Healthy Smiles, Healthy Children: The Foundation of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, annual, (Annual reports.).

                                                        Healthy Smiles, Healthy Children: The Foundation of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
                                                        211 East Chicago Avenue, Suite 1600
                                                        Chicago, IL 60611-2637

                                                        Telephone: (312) 337-2169
                                                        Fax: (312) 337-6329
                                                        E-mail: hshc@aapd.org
                                                        Website: http://www.aapd.org/foundation
                                                        Available from the website.

                                                        This annual report addresses efforts of the Foundation of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry to provide access to quality oral health care for children residing in underserved communities. Topics include investments in service, education, research, development activities, donors, and financing.

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Children, Underserved communities, Pediatric dentistry, Foundations

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                                                        ECG Management Consultants. 2012. Study of alternative dental providers: Five-state comparison summary report. Seattle, WA: ECG Management Consultants, 18 pp.

                                                        American Dental Association
                                                        211 East Chicago Avenue
                                                        Chicago, IL 60611-2678

                                                        Telephone: (312) 440-2500
                                                        Fax: (312) 440-7494
                                                        E-mail: info@ada.org
                                                        Website: http://www.ada.org
                                                        Available from the website.

                                                        This document presents findings from an assessment of the economic viability of alternative mid-level provider models for the provision of oral health care to underserved populations in five selected states (Connecticut, Kansas, Maine, New Hampshire, and Washington). Three alternative mid-level providers are discussed: dental therapists, dental health aide therapists, and advanced dental hygiene providers. Topics include the feasibility of each alternative provider for three payor-mix scenarios: public fee schedules, sliding fee schedules, and private fee schedules. An analysis of educational debt levels relative to compensation levels is also presented.

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Dental education, Economic factors, Evaluation, Work force, Costs, Financing, Children

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                                                        U.S. National Oral Health Alliance. 2014. Summary of the sixth leadership colloquium: Strengthening the dental care delivery system–U.S. National Oral Health Alliance, June 17-18, 2013, Washington, DC. Boston, MA: U.S. National Oral Health Alliance, 53 pp.

                                                        U.S. National Oral Health Alliance
                                                        465 Medford Street
                                                        Boston, MA 02129

                                                        Telephone: (617) 886-1466
                                                        E-mail: info@usalliancefororalhealth.org
                                                        Website: http://www.usnoha.org
                                                        Available from the website.

                                                        This report summarizes the sixth leadership colloquium of the National Oral Health Alliance to examine strengthening the oral health care delivery system. The summary provides an overview of key areas of focus, shared ideas, and next steps envisioned by colloquium participants. Topics include focusing oral health care on prevention and wellness; work force models and care delivery systems; team-based oral health and medical care; educating the public about the importance of oral health care; and aligning payment and systems approaches to promote and support wellness.

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Leadership, Dental care, Health care delivery, Service delivery systems, Conferences

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                                                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2014. Summary report: Synopses of state dental public health programs–Data for FY_. Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 15 pp.

                                                        Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                                                        3858 Cashill Boulevard
                                                        Reno, NV 89509

                                                        Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                                                        Fax: (775) 626-9268
                                                        E-mail: info@astdd.org
                                                        Website: http://www.astdd.org
                                                        Available from the website.

                                                        This report summarizes the results of a study examining the status of state oral health programs. Topics include the demographic, infrastructure, work force, and administrative factors that impact the state’s oral health program, as well as services that states provide.

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Public health programs, State initiatives, Program descriptions, Statistical data, Children, Adolescents, Adults

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                                                        American Dental Association. 1997-. Survey of advanced dental education. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association Survey Center, annual.

                                                        American Dental Association
                                                        211 East Chicago Avenue
                                                        Chicago, IL 60611-2678

                                                        Telephone: (312) 440-2500
                                                        Fax: (312) 440-7494
                                                        E-mail: info@ada.org
                                                        Website: http://www.ada.org
                                                        Available from the website. Document Number: ISBN 978-1-60122-159-9.

                                                        This report summarizes information from the annual survey of advanced dental education programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation. Topics include characteristics of program directors; applications, enrollment, and graduates; stipends and tuition; methods of instruction; international graduates; and accredited and non-accredited programs. Sample survey instruments are included.

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Dental education, Professional education, Dental schools, National surveys, School surveys, Questionnaires, Statistical data

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                                                        Bolin KA. 2010. Survey of health center oral health providers: Dental salaries, provider satisfaction, and recruitment and retention strategies. Denver, CO: National Network for Oral Health Access, 36 pp.

                                                        National Network for Oral Health Access
                                                        181 E. 56th Avenue, Suite 501 Denver, CO 80216

                                                        Telephone: (866) 316-4995
                                                        Fax: (866) 316-4995
                                                        E-mail: info@nnoha.org
                                                        Website: http://www.nnoha.org
                                                        Available from the website.

                                                        This report provides information and analysis on salaries, provider satisfaction, and recruitment and retention strategies at health centers throughout the United States. The 2009 survey polled dentists, dental hygienists, and executive directors of health centers providing oral health services. Topics include reasons for oral health professionals choosing a health center career, benefits and work environment satisfaction, years of professional experience, and likelihood of continuing to practice in a health center environment. Appendices include sample surveys and charts representing responses tabulated by various methods.

                                                        Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dentists, Dental hygienists, Job satisfaction, National surveys, Provider surveys

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                                                        Association of Academic Health Centers and Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine. 2005. [Symposium on the] Healthy People Curriculum Task Force Report. Washington, DC: American Dental Education Association, 6 items.

                                                        National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                                        Georgetown University Box 571272
                                                        Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                                        Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                                        Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                                        E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                                        Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org
                                                        Single photocopies available at no charge.

                                                        These documents contain information from a symposium on the Healthy People 2010 Curriculum Task Force Report. The symposium, held during the 2005 annual meeting of the American Dental Education Association, was designed to seek input from the education community on the dental curriculum component of the overall curriculum framework. Background information and presentations on each of four main areas are discussed, including evidence base for practice, clinical preventive services and health promotion, health systems and health policy, and community aspects of practice. Results of a survey to assess the oral-healthpromotion and prevention curricula of U.S. dental schools are also presented.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Healthy People 2010, Curricula, Dental education, Health promotion, Conferences

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                                                          Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors and National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Oral Health. 2010. Synopses of state and territorial dental public health programs. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Oral Health, multiple items.

                                                          National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Oral Health
                                                          Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30333

                                                          Telephone: (800) 232-4636
                                                          Secondary Telephone: (888) 232-6348
                                                          E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
                                                          Website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This resource provides information from annual questionnaires sent to oral health program directors in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S.-associated jurisdictions for tracking progress toward meeting Healthy People 2010 oral health objectives. Contents include an overview of the content, history, methods, limitations, permissions for use, and related links. Data from the five (2005 through 2009) annual synopses are available for generating lists, tables, or maps containing oral health summaries for each state and territory; states and territories that support an oral health program; the percentage of people with public water systems receiving fluoridated water; states and territories with a full-time dental director by year; and state and territorial trends in demographics, infrastructure, workforce, administration, budget, and programs across multiple years. The data collection instruments are also available from the website.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Data, Trends, Public health dentistry, Public health infrastructure, Personnel, Health care financing, State programs, Fluorides, Water

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                                                          Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health. 2009. Teledentistry in Arizona: Initial development. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health, 75 pp.

                                                          Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health
                                                          150 North 18th Avenue, Suite 320
                                                          Phoenix, AZ 85007

                                                          Telephone: (602) 542-1866
                                                          Fax: (602) 364-1494
                                                          Website: http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/owch/oral-health
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This manual describes a project to increase access to dental care for underserved and at-risk populations in Arizona through teledentistry. It describes the experience of the grant project, reports the progress made by the first five teledentistry providers in Arizona, and shares the lessons learned in the installation of teledentistry hardware/software and use of teledentistry technology in supporting dental care. Topics include hardware and software needs of the program, teledentistry in a school-based preventive program, service delivery and care coordination, care of patients with special needs; training dental hygiene students in teledentistry, experiences at a free annual Kiddie Clinic, Head Start and community outreach, a business model and communication advice. Appendices provide information on regulations and reimbursement.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Arizona, Program descriptions, Manuals, Telemedicine, Telecommunications, Health services delivery, Dental care, School age children, Children with special health care needs, Training, Resources for professionals, Children

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                                                          Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Oral Health. 2004. The 5-year oral health plan for the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. [Baltimore, MD]: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Oral Health, 6 pp.

                                                          Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Oral Health
                                                          201 West Preston Street, Third Floor
                                                          Baltimore, MD 21201

                                                          Telephone: (410) 767-5300
                                                          Secondary Telephone: (877) 463-3464
                                                          Fax: (410) 333-7392
                                                          E-mail: dhmh.oralhealth@maryland.gov
                                                          Website: http://fha.dhmh.maryland.gov/oralhealth/SitePages/Home.aspx
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This report describes a 5-year plan in Maryland to improve the oral health of Maryland residents through dental public health goals in addressing disparities in oral health and dental care. Contents include a description of the mission of the Maryland Office of Oral Health, dental public health goals for the state, the status of oral health for Maryland's children, highlights of results from the 2000 Survey of Oral Health Status of Maryland's Head Start Children, and problems concerning oral cancer and workforce capacity in the state. Four areas of priorities are described along with how to address them and potential partners are identified.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Access to health care, Racial factors, Socioeconomic factors, Strategic plans, Work force, Maryland, Children

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                                                          American Association for Community Dental Programs. 2007-. The Bellwether: Leading local efforts to improve the nation's oral health. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, semi-annual.

                                                          American Association for Community Dental Programs
                                                          635 West Seventh Street, Suite 309
                                                          Cincinnati, OH 45203

                                                          Telephone: (513) 621-0248
                                                          Fax: (513) 621-0288
                                                          E-mail: info@aacdp.org
                                                          Website: http://www.aacdp.com
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This newsletter provides information on national and local oral health activities and on upcoming events and educational materials. Contents include news from the Association of Community Dental Programs' (AACDP) president, a legislative update, information about the AADCP annual symposium, and contact information for AACDP executive committee members. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Community programs, Electronic newsletters, Professional societies

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                                                          Community Voices: HealthCare for the Underserved. 2001. The big cavity: Decreasing enrollment of minorities in dental schools. [Washington, DC]: Community Voices: HealthCare for the Underserved, 5 pp.

                                                          W. K. Kellogg Foundation
                                                          One Michigan Avenue, East
                                                          Battle Creek, MI 49017-4012

                                                          Telephone: (269) 968-1611
                                                          Fax: (269) 968-0413
                                                          Website: http://www.wkkf.org
                                                          Available at no charge, request item no. 498; also available from the website.

                                                          This pamphlet discusses the decline in minority enrollment in dental schools and the effect of the decline on the health care system. The trend suggests that minority dentists will be in even shorter supply in the near future. The pamphlet offers several approaches for reversing the situation. References are included.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, Underserved communities, Access to health care, Minority groups, Work force, Children, Adolescents

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                                                          Allison RA, Bryan D. 2005. The declining supply of dental services in Kansas: Implications for access and options for reform. Topeka, KS: Kansas Health Institute, 71 pp.

                                                          Kansas Health Institute
                                                          212 South West Eighth Avenue, Suite 300
                                                          Topeka, KS 66603-3936

                                                          Telephone: (785) 233-5443
                                                          Fax: (785) 233-1163
                                                          E-mail: mailbox@khi.org
                                                          Website: http://www.khi.org/
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This study of the oral health workforce in Kansas offers an account of oral health needs in the state, identifies gaps in the workforce that contribute to these needs, and presents a broad range of options that policymakers can use to address these needs. Topics include an overview of oral health needs in Kansas, the impact of oral health on overall well-being, the Kansas oral health workforce, the supply of oral health services in Kansas, an economic analysis of oral health markets in Kansas, and policy options and potential implications. An appendix provides statistical information on oral health needs by demographic characteristics. Additional statistical information is provided pintables and figures throughout the report.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Dentistry, Work force, Trends, Kansas, State surveys, Provider participation, Needs assessment, Health care delivery, Health services delivery, Adults, Children

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                                                          Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. 2009. The dental public health infrastructure: Failing to meet the needs of the underserved. Sparks, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, 4 pp, (Issue brief--health reform).

                                                          Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
                                                          3858 Cashill Boulevard
                                                          Reno, NV 89509

                                                          Telephone: (775) 626-5008
                                                          Fax: (775) 626-9268
                                                          E-mail: info@astdd.org
                                                          Website: http://www.astdd.org
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This issue brief describes the importance of and need for improving the public oral health infrastructure to serve the needs of disadvantaged groups and to improve the integration of oral and general health. It provides recommendations for improving the public oral health presence in government, support for research and for community-based prevention and health-promotion programs, support for new models for an oral health/ public health work force, and improved policies.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Public health infrastructure, Service integration, Underserved communities, Work force, Disease prevention

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                                                          Mertz E, Grumbach K. 2004. The distribution and composition of Arizona's dental workforce and practice patterns: Implications for access to care. San Francisco, CA: Center for California Health Workforce Studies, 25 pp.

                                                          Center for California Health Workforce Studies
                                                          University of California, San Francisco 3333 California Street, Suite 410
                                                          San Francisco, CA 94118

                                                          Telephone: (415) 476-8181
                                                          Fax: (415) 476-4113
                                                          E-mail: jojo@itsa.ucsf.edu
                                                          Website: http://futurehealth.ucsf.edu/cchws.html
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This report summarizes the findings of a statewide survey of dentists in Arizona, examining the patterns of practice in relation to access to care for underserved populations. The report includes information on the study background, purpose, survey methodology, and data limitations. A geographic overview of Arizona is presented, along with information on characteristics of dentists and dental practices and geographic patterns of practice and access. Recommendations for policy, program, and data collection efforts are provided for state policymakers and oral health program administrators. The report also contains an executive summary, conclusions, a discussion, and references.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Underserved communities, State surveys, Dental care, Dentists, Public policy, Health care personnel, Strategic plans, Arizona

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                                                          Brow LJ, House DR, Nash KD. 2005. The economic aspects of unsupervised private hygiene practice and its impact on access to care. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association, Health Policy Resources Center, 13 pp, (Dental health policy analysis series).

                                                          American Dental Association
                                                          211 East Chicago Avenue
                                                          Chicago, IL 60611-2678

                                                          Telephone: (312) 440-2500
                                                          Fax: (312) 440-7494
                                                          E-mail: info@ada.org
                                                          Website: http://www.ada.org
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This report addresses the economic viability and the characteristics of unsupervised private practice of dental hygiene by dental hygienists in Colorado. The report, which includes an abstract, discusses the study's conceptual framework, methods and subjects, and results and provides a discussion. Statistical information is presented in tables and figures throughout the report.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Dental care, Dental hygienists, Dental hygiene, Costs, Colorado, Children

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                                                          Kansas Dental Project. 2011. The facts: Registered dental practitioner. Topeka, KS: Kansas Action for Children, Kansas Association for the Medically Underserved, Kansas Health Consumer Coalition, 1 p.

                                                          Kansas Dental Project
                                                          c/o Kansas Action for Children 720 Southwest Jackson, Suite 201
                                                          Topeka, KS 66603

                                                          Telephone: (785) 232-0550
                                                          Fax: (785) 232-0699
                                                          E-mail: http://www.kansasdental.com/Get_Involved_.html
                                                          Website: http://www.kansasdental.com
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This fact sheet describes Kansas Registered Dental Practitioners’ (RDPs’) qualifications and roles as proposed in state legislation designed to expand the oral health work force. The fact sheet outlines RDPs’ education, supervision, scope of practice, and quality of care. The fact sheet also discusses myths and facts in the ongoing debate on health care access and its scope in Kansas and the fact that RDPs alone will not solve the problems of access to and quality of oral health care.

                                                          Keywords: Oral health, Work force, State initiatives, Access to health care, Kansas, Proposed legislation, Adults

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                                                          American Dental Hygienists' Association. 2003. The future of oral health: Trends and issues. Chicago, IL: American Dental Hygienists' Association, 8 pp.

                                                          American Dental Hygienists' Association
                                                          444 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 3400
                                                          Chicago, IL 60611

                                                          Telephone: (312) 440-8900
                                                          Fax: (312) 440-1806
                                                          Website: http://www.adha.org
                                                          Available from the website.

                                                          This brief discusses the importance of preventive oral health services to overall systemic health and how dental hygienists can play a role in bringing these services to a wider population. Topics include the cost-effectiveness of preventive measures, the use of dental sealants and fluorides, barriers to receiving oral health care, issues in self-regulation of oral health personnel, a review of staffing shortages and on-the-job training, and issues in access to care. Additional information is provided on dental hygiene statistics and the systemic disease connection.

                                                            Keywords: Oral health, Trends, Access to health care, Barriers, Personnel, Prevention services, Dental hygienists

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                                                            Byappagari D, Alves-Dunkerson J, Chaime C, Peters R. 2007. The impact of oral disease on the lives of Washingtonians: The Washington State oral disease burden document. Olympia, WA: Oral Health Program, Washington State Department of Health.

                                                            Washington State Department of Health
                                                            P.O. Box 47890
                                                            Olympia, WA 98504-7890

                                                            Telephone: (800) 525-0127
                                                            Secondary Telephone: (360) 236-4030
                                                            Website: http://www.doh.wa.gov
                                                            Available from the website.

                                                            This report provides an overview of the prevalence of oral disease in Washington and describes the state's oral health work force, preventive measures available to promote oral health, and existing resources for oral health care and its financing. Topics also include oral health disparities and a review of community initiatives on oral health coalitions. Statistical data at state and county levels are provided.

                                                            Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Work force, Health personnel, Statistical data, State surveys, Community programs, Washington

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                                                            Public Health Foundation. [2001]. The key ingredient of the National Prevention Agenda: Workforce development—A companion document to Healthy People 2010. Rockville, MD: National Center for Health Workforce Information and Management, 47 pp.

                                                            National Center for Health Workforce Analysis
                                                            Telephone: (301) 443-3578
                                                            E-mail: lmcnair@hrsa.gov
                                                            Website: http://bhpr.hrsa.gov/healthworkforce/
                                                            Available at no charge; also available from the website.

                                                            This report assists states in addressing the national workforce development objectives for the health professions and for employees of public health agencies. It is divided into four sections. The first section is a "how to" resource for planners providing seven strategy options for including workforce objectives in state Healthy People or other state health plans. The second two sections focus on national Healthy People 2010 workforce objectives involving minority representation in the health professions and continuing education for public health employees. Each section includes an issue summary, a strategy summary, and strategy examples and resources. The fourth section provides a list of Healthy People 2010 workforce-related objectives. Two appendices include a bibliography of articles and resources, and a draft list of core public health competencies from the Council on Linkages Between Academia and Public Health Practice. Endnotes conclude the report.

                                                            Keywords: Oral health, Public health, Public health agencies, Health occupations, Health personnel, Planning, Federal initiatives, State programs, Healthy People 2010, Minority groups, Continuing education, Professional personnel, Parents

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                                                            Casey M. 2010. The Minnesota story: How advocates secured the first state law of its kind expanding children's access to dental care. Washington, DC: Pew Center on the States, Pew Children's Dental Campaign, 12 pp, (Issue brief).

                                                            Pew State and Consumer Initiatives
                                                            901 E Street, N.W.
                                                            Washington, DC 20004-2008

                                                            Telephone: (202) 552-2000
                                                            Fax: (202) 552-2299
                                                            E-mail: pcs-feedback@pewtrusts.org
                                                            Website: http://www.pewstates.org
                                                            Available from the website.

                                                            This issue brief explains how children’s and public health advocates in Minnesota campaigned successfully for a law to increase children’s access to oral health care. Topics include children’s unmet oral health needs, the creation of new types of oral health professionals and work force models, and training for new professionals. A summary of lessons learned is also provided.

                                                            Keywords: Child health, Oral health, Access to health care, State legislation, Work force, Minnesota, Children

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                                                            University of Albany School of Public Health, Center for Health Workforce Studies. 2004. The professional practice environment of dental hygienists in the fifty states and the District of Columbia, 2001. Albany, NY: University of Albany School of Public Health, Center for Health Workforce Studies, 202 pp.

                                                            U.S. Bureau of Health Workforce
                                                            Health Resources and Services Administration 5600 Fishers Lane Parklawn Building, Room 8-05
                                                            Rockville, MD 20857

                                                            Telephone: (301) 443-5794
                                                            Fax: (301) 443-2111
                                                            Website: http://www.hrsa.gov/about/organization/bureaus/bhw/index.html
                                                            Available from the website.

                                                            This report describes a study that documents the professional practice of dental hygienists in the United States in 2001; assesses the extent to which the professional practice environment is related to numbers of practitioners, oral health outcomes, and utilization of oral health services; and assesses the impact of dental hygienists on access to care for underserved populations. Data are included for statutes and regulations from the 50 states, estimated numbers of practitioners, oral health status indicators, oral health utilization statistics, and numbers of oral health education programs and graduates. The report is organized into the following sections: executive summary, study overview, background and context, the dental hygiene professional practice index (DHPPI), factors related to the DHPPI, fieldwork, and access to care.

                                                            Keywords: Oral health, Dental hygienists, Personnel, Underserved communities, Provider participation, Health care utilization, Access to health care, State surveys, Statistical data

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                                                            Perlino CM. 2006. The public health workforce shortage: Left unchecked, will it be protected?. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 11 pp, (Issue brief).

                                                            American Public Health Association
                                                            800 I Street, N.W.
                                                            Washington, DC 20001-3710

                                                            Telephone: (202) 777-2742
                                                            Secondary Telephone:
                                                            Fax: (202) 777-2534
                                                            E-mail: comments@apha.org
                                                            Website: http://www.apha.org
                                                            Available from the website.

                                                            This issue brief discusses the shortage of public health workers and outlines evidence-based solutions to address shortages in recruitment, retention, and diversity. Topics include the many roles played in providing health care and awareness by public health personnel, reasons for the workforce shortage, a lack of diversity in the workforce, needs in underserved areas, and case studies of selected programs. Endnotes are also included.

                                                            Keywords: Public health, Public health services, Work force, Personnel, Cultural diversity, Needs assessment, Case studies, Oral health, Families

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                                                            U.S. Public Health Service. [1996] (ca.). The public health workforce: An agenda for the 21st century. Washington, DC: U.S. Public Health Service, 61 pp.

                                                            U.S. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
                                                            1101 Wootton Parkway, Suite LL100
                                                            Rockville, MD 20852

                                                            Telephone: (240) 453-8280
                                                            Fax: (240) 453-8282
                                                            Website: http://odphp.osophs.dhhs.gov
                                                            Available from the website.

                                                            This report addresses the gap between future challenges to improve the health of Americans and the capacity of the public health workforce to meet those challenges. Topics discussed in the context section include composition of the public health workforce, competency-based curriculum, and distance learning system development. Future directions are outlined in the areas of national, state, and local leadership as well as future trends in the topics discussed in the first section. The final section outlines implementation issues. Nine appendices contain information on the Public Health Functions Project, a mission statement on public health in America, recommendations of new occupational categories for the field of public health, descriptions of selected workforce assessment studies, competencies, the Healthy People 2000 consortium, and lists of participating work group members.

                                                            Keywords: Oral health, Public health, Personnel, Leadership, Curriculum development, Distance education, Needs assessment, Trends, Competency based education, Families, Children

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                                                            Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry. 2010. The redesign of primary care and implications for training: 8th annual report to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and to the U.S. Congress. Rockville, MD: U.S. Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Medicine and Dentistry, 36 pp.

                                                            U.S. Bureau of Health Workforce
                                                            Health Resources and Services Administration 5600 Fishers Lane Parklawn Building, Room 8-05
                                                            Rockville, MD 20857

                                                            Telephone: (301) 443-5794
                                                            Fax: (301) 443-2111
                                                            Website: http://www.hrsa.gov/about/organization/bureaus/bhw/index.html
                                                            Available from the website.

                                                            This annual report to the secretary describes activities of the Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry, including findings and recommendations made by the advisory committee concerning the activities under Title VII, section 747. Recommendations are presented in two groups: (1) those designed to bring about direct improvement in Title VII, section 747, programs and (2) those addressing federal policies necessary to support primary care as the backbone of the health care system. Topics include the crisis in primary care, Title VII and related health care work force programs, problems, opportunities for improvement, and the benefits of adopting the recommendations.

                                                            Keywords: Oral health, Advisory committees, Primary care, Dentistry, Professional education, Professional training, Work force, Annual reports

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                                                            Dunker A, Krofah E, Isasi F. 2014. The role of dental hygienists in providing access to oral health care. Washington, DC: National Governors Association, 18 pp.

                                                            National Governors Association
                                                            444 North Capitol Street, Suite 267
                                                            Washington, DC 20001-1512

                                                            Telephone: (202) 624-5300
                                                            Secondary Telephone:
                                                            Fax: (202) 624-5313
                                                            E-mail: webmaster@nga.org
                                                            Website: http://www.nga.org
                                                            Available from the website.

                                                            This paper discusses barriers to access to oral health care, particularly among underserved and vulnerable populations, and how some states are considering expanding the oral health work force, especially related to the use of dental hygienists. Topics include how dental hygienists’ roles can be expanded to allow them to perform oral screenings, fluoride and dental sealant applications, and prophylaxis without direct supervision. State examples of expanded roles are provided, along with a discussion of barriers limiting dental hygienist practices.

                                                            Keywords: Oral health, Barriers, Access to health care, Work force, Dental hygienists, Dental caries, Screening

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                                                            Megaphone Project. 2008. The silent epidemic: Dental disease among Maryland's children. Baltimore, MD: Public Justice Center, 1 DVD (7 min).

                                                            National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center
                                                            Georgetown University Box 571272
                                                            Washington, DC 20057-1272

                                                            Telephone: (202) 784-9771
                                                            Fax: (202) 784-9777
                                                            E-mail: OHRCinfo@georgetown.edu
                                                            Website: http://www.mchoralhealth.org

                                                            This DVD presents information on the oral health status of children from families with low incomes and outlines three legislative initiatives to improve access to care for children and their families in Maryland. The film focuses on the impact of untreated dental caries in children from families with low incomes and actions to raise reimbursement rates, integrate existing Medicaid managed care plans into a single-payer plan, and increase the number of public dental clinics.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Children, Families, Access to health care, Barriers, Low income groups, Financing, Work force, Dental care, Medicaid, State legislation, Maryland, Public awareness campaigns, DVDs, Audiovisual materials

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                                                              Arizona Office of Oral Health. 2011. The state of American Indian children's oral health in Arizona. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Office of Oral Health, 15 pp.

                                                              Arizona Department of Health Services, Office of Oral Health
                                                              150 North 18th Avenue, Suite 320
                                                              Phoenix, AZ 85007

                                                              Telephone: (602) 542-1866
                                                              Fax: (602) 364-1494
                                                              Website: http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/owch/oral-health
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              This report focuses on oral health disparities in American Indian children in Arizona. The content is based on findings from Arizona’s oral health surveys of preschool children from birth to age 4 and of children in third grade. Data on American Indian children are compared to data on other children. Topics include tooth decay experience (treated and untreated), dental insurance coverage, dental visits, severity of untreated decay, and dental sealants. A summary of the findings, trends, and comparisons to Healthy People are also presented. The report concludes with work force strategies to enhance the oral health status of American Indian children in Arizona.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Children, American Indians, Health status, Dental caries, Access to health care, Surveys, Trends, Strategic planning, Work force, State programs, Arizona

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                                                              Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health. 2009. The status of oral disease in Massachusetts: A great unmet need 2009. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health, 96 pp.

                                                              Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Division of Primary Care and Health Access, Office of Oral Health
                                                              250 Washington Street Boston, MA 02108

                                                              Telephone: (617) 624-6060
                                                              Secondary Telephone: (617) 624-5992
                                                              Fax: (617) 624-6062
                                                              Website: http://www.mass.gov/dph/oralhealth
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              This report for decision-makers and oral health stakeholders summarizes information on the burden of oral disease in Massachusetts. The report addresses the burden of oral disease throughout the lifespan and, specifically, within certain populations. Additional topics include state and national objectives, prevention, and work force and capacity.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Population surveillance, Health status, Health services delivery, State surveys, Work force, Massachusetts, Statistics, Children, Adolescents

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                                                              Harris TA and Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Care Services. 2009. The U.S. oral health workforce in the coming decade: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 160 pp.

                                                              National Academies Press
                                                              500 Fifth Street, N.W., Keck 360
                                                              Washington, DC 20001

                                                              Telephone: (202) 334-3313
                                                              Secondary Telephone: (888) 624-8373
                                                              Fax: (202) 334-2451
                                                              E-mail: customer_service@nap.edu
                                                              Website: http://www.nap.edu
                                                              $37.75 plus shipping and handling; also available from the website. Document Number: ISBN 978-0-309-13904-5.

                                                              This report summarizes a workshop held on February 9–11, 2009, in Washington DC, to discuss the capacity of the oral health work force to provide access to oral health services. It discusses the status of access to services, work force strategies to improve access to services, and regulations and the structure of the system to improve services. Contents also include work force demographics and future trends, delivery systems, ethical principles and obligations related to increasing access, the international experience, and reframing the system.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Work force, Trends, Meetings

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                                                              U.S. Office of Minority Health, Center for Linguistic and Cultural Competence in Health Care. 2011. Think cultural health. Washington, DC: U.S. Office of Minority Health, Center for Linguistic and Cultural Competence in Health Care.

                                                              U.S. Office of Minority Health
                                                              The Tower Building 1101 Wootton Parkway, Suite 600
                                                              Rockville, MD 20852

                                                              Telephone: 240-453-2882
                                                              Secondary Telephone: 240-453-2883
                                                              Fax: (240) 453-2883
                                                              E-mail: info@minorityhealth.hhs.gov
                                                              Website: http://www.minorityhealth.hhs.gov
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              These resources and tools designed for health professionals are intended to promote cultural and linguistic competence in health care. The goal is to advance health equity at every point of contact through the development and promotion of culturally and linguistically appropriate services. Contents include free and accredited continuing education programs as well as tools to help health professionals and organizations provide respectful, understandable, and effective services. Information on standards in specific areas, such as oral health and state legislative initiatives, is provided. A clearinghouse of materials is provided; searches can be performed using assigned keywords.

                                                              Keywords: Standards, Cultural competence, Communication skills, Health services, Culturally competent services, Competency based education, Continuing education, Training, Federal initiatives, Clearinghouses, Oral health

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                                                              Kent H. 2011. Toolkit for promoting maternal and child oral health in Colorado communities. Denver, CO: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Oral Health Unit, 38 pp.

                                                              Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Oral Health Unit
                                                              4300 Cherry Creek Drive, South, PSD-OH-A4
                                                              Denver, CO 80246-1530

                                                              Telephone: (303) 692-2000
                                                              Secondary Telephone: (303) 691-9307
                                                              Fax: (800) 423-1108
                                                              E-mail: cdphe.psdrequests@state.co.us
                                                              Website: http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/pp/oralhealth/OralHealth.html
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              This toolkit, a companion document to the Colorado Healthy Community Standards, Oral Health, provides information and resources for Early Childhood Councils, educators, and others working to improve the oral health of young children in Colorado. Contents include background information, suggestions for action, and resources for achieving community oral heath goals. Topics include the dental home, community water fluoridation, oral health education, work force, evidence-based interventions, and community needs assessment. Statistics and information on preventing dental caries and promoting oral health in children are included.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Child health, Community health, Goals, Health promotion, State initiatives, Colorado, Children

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                                                              Catalyst Institute. 2007. Toward a stronger oral health safety net: Oral health care in Massachusetts community health centers. Westborough, MA: Catalyst Institute, 13 pp.

                                                              DentaQuest Institute
                                                              2400 Computer Drive
                                                              Westborough, MA 01581

                                                              Telephone: (508) 329-2280
                                                              Secondary Telephone: (508) 329-2250
                                                              E-mail: info@dentaquestinstitute.org
                                                              Website: http://www.dentaquestinstitute.org
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              This report presents findings from a survey to collect information about community health center dental programs in Massachusetts and to identify the challenges program directors face and the factors that impede timely and effective care. It includes the survey aim and methods, capacity and access, work force, services, leadership profile, and leadership experience.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Community health centers, Community health services, Work force, Leadership, Public health infrastructure, Barriers, Access to health care, Massachusetts

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                                                              Edelstein BL. 2010. Training new dental health providers in the U.S. (upd. ed.). Battle Creek, MI: W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 3 items.

                                                              W. K. Kellogg Foundation
                                                              One Michigan Avenue, East
                                                              Battle Creek, MI 49017-4012

                                                              Telephone: (269) 968-1611
                                                              Fax: (269) 968-0413
                                                              Website: http://www.wkkf.org
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              This paper addresses training considerations for a variety of new mid-level oral health professionals within the contexts of their scope, supervision, and placement. It examines training experiences, internationally and in the United States, of personnel and considers the underlying motives and goals of establishing these new professionals. The paper begins with a taxonomy of oral health professionals and explains the types of procedures inherent in oral health care. Discussion then focuses on training of conventional, unconventional, and proposed oral health professionals in the United States and conventional professionals from selected international locations. Additional topics include policy issues relevant to instituting dental therapists in the United States, goal setting, and criteria for developing training programs. An executive summary and a policy brief are also available.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Dental care, Work force, Dentists, Dental hygienists, Health services delivery, Professional education, Children, Adults

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                                                              Pourat N, Choi MK. 2014. Trends in the supply of dentists in California. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, 4 pp, (Health policy brief).

                                                              UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
                                                              10960 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 1550
                                                              Los Angeles, CA 90024

                                                              Telephone: (310) 794-0909
                                                              Fax: (310) 794-2686
                                                              E-mail: chpr@ucla.edu
                                                              Website: http://www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              This policy brief provides an overview of changes in selected demographic and practice characteristics of California dentists from 2008 to 2012, as well as in the distribution of dentists in California regions. Topics include outward migration of dentists from California, a slowly aging workforce, and low dentist-to-population ratios in some regions of California.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Trends, Dentists, California, State surveys, Policy development

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                                                              Pew Children's Dental Campaign. 2011. Two kinds of dental shortages fuel one major access problem. Washington, DC: Pew Center on the States, 4 pp, (Issue brief).

                                                              Pew State and Consumer Initiatives
                                                              901 E Street, N.W.
                                                              Washington, DC 20004-2008

                                                              Telephone: (202) 552-2000
                                                              Fax: (202) 552-2299
                                                              E-mail: pcs-feedback@pewtrusts.org
                                                              Website: http://www.pewstates.org
                                                              Available from the website.

                                                              This issue brief discusses two different barriers to obtaining oral health care: (1) a severe shortage of oral health professionals in many areas of the country and (2) an even more severe shortage of such professionals who accept clients who participate in Medicaid. The brief provides statistical information on a state-by-state basis on shortages, how states must address them, and how expanding the oral health work force can help.

                                                              Keywords: Oral health, Medicaid, Provider participation, Access to health care, Children, Low income groups, Underserved communities

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                                                              Daneman B, Hong L, McCunniff M. [2010]. Update of area-wide need-based planning model for oral health services. [Jefferson City, MS]: Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, 15 pp.

                                                              Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Oral Health Program
                                                              P.O. Box 570
                                                              Jefferson City, MO 65102-0570

                                                              Telephone: (573) 751-6400
                                                              Fax: (573) 751-6010
                                                              E-mail: info@health.mo.gov
                                                              Website: http://health.mo.gov/living/families/oralhealth/index.php
                                                              Contact for cost information.

                                                              This report describes a methodology to estimate the need for oral health services in Missouri and the oral health work force needed to assure access and quality care. Need factors assessed include population characteristics, disease prevalence, water fluoridation, pregnancy, poverty, and estimates of dental disease and morbidity as determined from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III. Statistical data is provided throughout the report.

                                                                Keywords: Oral health, Needs assessment, Access to health care, Work force, State surveys, Missouri, Statistical data

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                                                                Virginia Department of Health, Office of Minority Health and Health Equity, Virginia Rural Health Resource Center, Virginia Rural Health Association. 2013. Virginia's state rural health plan. [Richmond, VA: Virginia Department of Health, Office of Minority Health and Health Equity], 41 pp.

                                                                Virginia Department of Health, Office of Minority Health and Health Equity
                                                                Richmond, VA Telephone: (806) 864-7435
                                                                E-mail: omhphp@vdh.virginia.gov
                                                                Website: http://www.vdh.state.va.us/OMHHE
                                                                Available from the website.

                                                                This document outlines an action plan to enhance health care systems throughout rural Virginia. Contents include an analysis of health status in rural areas and strategies for improving health outcomes with a focus on development in areas beyond health care service delivery. Topics include obesity and associated behaviors and diseases, mental and behavioral health, oral health, cancer, perinatal issues, and lung disease.

                                                                Keywords: Access to health care, Advocacy, Public health infrastructure, Health care systems, Health services delivery, Health status, Community health, Rural health, Rural population, Program improvement, Cancer, Mental health, Perinatal health, Obesity, Oral health, Lung diseases, Work force, Virginia, State initiatives

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                                                                Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Alves-Dunkerson JA, Mouradian WE, Comenduley M, Yi J, Doescher MP. 2009. Washington State's oral health workforce. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, 70 pp, (Final report no. 130).

                                                                WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies
                                                                University of Washington School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine Box 354982
                                                                Seattle, WA 98195-4982

                                                                Telephone: (206) 685-6679
                                                                Fax: (206) 616-4768
                                                                E-mail: chws@fammed.washington.edu
                                                                Website: http://depts.washington.edu/uwchws/
                                                                Available from the website.

                                                                This report presents information on the Washington oral health work force and factors that affect the future. The report describes oral health professionals, their characteristics, major factors affecting the future supply of the work force, and the impact on underserved populations, and it provides a discussion and policy options. Additional sections include a sample survey questionnaire for dentists and dental hygienists in Washington, a summary of findings, and a description of survey analysis methods.

                                                                Keywords: Oral health, Work force, Dentists, Dental hygienists, Underserved communities, Washington, State surveys, Children

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                                                                Academy of General Dentistry. 2008. White paper on increasing access to and utilization of oral health care services. Chicago, IL: Academy of General Dentistry, 10 pp.

                                                                Academy of General Dentistry Foundation
                                                                560 Lake Street, Sixth Floor
                                                                Chicago, IL 60661-6600

                                                                Telephone: (888) 243-3368 ext. 4306
                                                                Fax: (312) 440-0559
                                                                E-mail: foundation@agd.org
                                                                Website: http://www.agd.org/agd-foundation.aspx
                                                                Available from the website.

                                                                This white paper presents the Academy of General Dentistry's proposed solutions to the access to oral health care and the utilization of oral health services. Contents include definitions, a description of the state of care in the United States, challenges in accessing and utilizing services, and options for increasing access and utilization. Topics include the role of the independent mid-level provider, health literacy, and the benefits of general practice residency programs.

                                                                Keywords: Oral health, Access to health care, Health care utilization, Health care services, Work force

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                                                                American Association of Public Health Dentistry. 2006. Why choose a career in public health dentistry?. [Springfield, IL]: American Association of Public Health Dentistry, 2 pp.

                                                                American Association of Public Health Dentistry
                                                                3085 Stevenson Drive, Suite 200
                                                                Springfield, IL 62703

                                                                Telephone: (217) 529-6941
                                                                Fax: (217) 529-9120
                                                                E-mail: info@aaphd.org
                                                                Website: http://www.aaphd.org
                                                                Available from the website.

                                                                This flyer describes dental public health as a career in the science and art of preventing and controlling oral diseases and promoting oral health through organized community efforts. The flyer addresses the need for oral health professionals in research and practice, provides testimonials, and illustrates the role of public health dentistry as part of the 10 essential public health services.

                                                                Keywords: Public health dentistry, Careers, Health personnel, Health promotion, Disease prevention, Community health services, Oral health, Adults

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                                                                Center for Oral Health. 2011. WIC: Early entry into dental care guidebook. Oakland, CA: Center for Oral Health, 71 pp.

                                                                Center for Oral Health
                                                                309 East Second Street
                                                                Pomona, CA 91766-1854

                                                                Telephone: (909) 469-8300
                                                                Secondary Telephone: (909) 256-7005
                                                                Fax: (510) 380-6637
                                                                Website: http://www.centerfororalhealth.org
                                                                Available from the website.

                                                                This manual provides an overview of the WIC: Early Entry into Dental Care Program, including lessons learned, guidance, and tools for groups interested in implementing the program in their own locales. The program uses the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) as the entry point for oral health assessment, preventive services, and referral for regular follow-up care. Topics include collaborative planning, information for dental and medical professionals, information for WIC personnel, and program models in California. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

                                                                Keywords: Oral health, Infants, Young children, Low income groups, WIC program, Risk assessment, Prevention services, Referrals, Collaboration, Case studies, California, Community programs

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                                                                Byck GR, Russinof H, Cooksey JA. 2002. Wisconsin dentist workforce report 2001. Chicago, IL: Illinois Regional Health Workforce Center, 54 pp.

                                                                Midwest Center for Health Workforce Studies
                                                                University of Illinois at Chicago 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Suite 558, M/C/ 275
                                                                Chicago, IL 60608-1264

                                                                Telephone: (312) 413-2775
                                                                Fax: (312) 996-0868
                                                                E-mail: walton@uic.edu
                                                                Website: http://www.uic.edu/sph/ichws
                                                                Available at no charge; also available from the website.

                                                                This report summarizes the results of a 2001 survey conducted in Wisconsin to learn about the state's oral health workforce. It covers workforce characteristics such as the supply and distribution of dentists; the racial and ethnic diversity of the workforce in comparison to that of the state's population overall and to that of the state's dental school population; dental school location and its impact on the distribution of dentists in the state; provider participation in oral health Medicaid services; volunteer activities; projected changes in the workforce over the next 5 years; and projected dentist capacity required to serve Medicaid participants. The appendices provide data tables as well as information on the stakeholders' committee, the survey methodology and instrument, and counties by Wisconsin region and rural/urban status.

                                                                Keywords: Oral health, Dentists, Personnel, Wisconsin, State surveys, Provider participation, Dental care, Needs assessment, Access to health care, Medicaid

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                                                                Highmark Foundation. 2010. Working together: Improving access to oral health and dental care for underserved populations. Pittsburgh, PA: Highmark Foundation, 13 pp.

                                                                Highmark Foundation
                                                                Fifth Avenue Place 120 Fifth Avenue
                                                                Pittsburgh, PA 15222-3099

                                                                Telephone: (800) 789-1726
                                                                Fax: (412) 544-6120
                                                                E-mail: info@highmarkfoundation.org
                                                                Website: http://www.highmark.org
                                                                Available from the website.

                                                                This report describes an initiative to reduce oral health burdens among individuals in Pennsylvania who cannot afford dentists or who are unable to find oral health professionals who will treat them and their families. Contents include stories from community-based grantees who were awarded foundation funding to (1) improve coordination and build capacity, (2) address a regional strategy to support expansion of oral health services, or (3) expand or improve existing dental equipment. The report presents an analysis of the impact the grants have had to date using three metrics: access to care, quality of care, and financial sustainability. Implications for future improvements in the oral health of underserved populations in Pennsylvania are also addressed.

                                                                Keywords: Oral health, Community health, Dental care, Diffusion of innovation, Collaboration, Model programs, Financing, Regional planning, Foundations, State initiatives, Pennsylvania, Children

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                                                                National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center Georgetown University